Anne Gaffney, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=204Anne Gaffney, Ph.D. Dr. Anne Gaffney is the Chief Science Officer for INL's Energy, Environment, Science & Technology division and a Distinguished Laboratory Fellow at INL. She received her doctorate in physical organic chemistry from University of Delaware in 1981, and a bachelor’s in chemistry and mathematics from Mount Holyoke College in 1976. Having worked at ARCO, DuPont, Rohm and Haas, and Lummus Technology in various R&D and leadership roles, she has been a most prolific inventor and an author with 250 patent/patent applications and over 100 publications (plus three book chapters and two books edited), as well as over 100 presentations and seminars. She has received many awards such as the Eugene J. Houdry Award of the North American Catalysis Society, 2015, the ACS Award in Industrial Chemistry in 2013, ACS Fellow in 2010, the Tribute to Women in Industry Award in 2007, and the Catalysis Club of Philadelphia Award in 1999. Anne's most recent accomplishment is being the recipient of the 2019 ACS Energy & Fuels Distinguished Researcher Award in Petroleum Chemistry. New Roles Distinguished Joint Appoint Fellow to the Chemical Engineering Department at the University of South Carolina, Technical Director of National Science Foundation’s Rational Catalyst Synthesis Center. Elected to AIChE Chair of the Catalysis & Reaction Engineering (CRE) Division, 2022 – 2024 ACS Councilor for the Catalysis Science and Technology Division, 2021 – 2025 Editorial Board of Frontiers in Energy Research Journal, 2021 Editorial Board of Current Opinions in Chemical Engineering, 2021 Board Member and Director at Large of the North American Catalysis Society, 2021 - 2025 Board of Directors of Manhattan College Chair of the INL Fellows American Chemical Society’s Governing Board Committee on Science, to serve 2018 - 2022, Councilor to the Catalysis Science and Technology Division of the American Chemical Society, to serve 2018 - 2022. Activity Guest editor and contributor to the Materials Journal, 2021 Guest editor of the Frontiers in Energy Research, special journal edition on “CO2 Utilization to Produce Chemicals and Fuels”, 2021. Editorial Board Member of Catalysis Today Chaired the 2021 AIChE CRE Division Graduate Student Travel Grant Award Process Chaired the 2021 Fall ACS Special Session on “Women in Energy Science and Technology” Co-chaired the 2021 International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management Co-chaired the AIChE Symposium on Competitive Energy Systems Chairing the 2021 “ACS CATL Division Educational Seminar Series From Basics to Applications of Catalysis” Plenary Speaker at the GSCCET 2021 Meeting Plenary Speaker at the International Meeting on Catalysis, Chemical Engineering and Technology (CATALYSISMEET2021) Plenary speaker at the 2021 Global Experts Meet on Chemical Engineering and Technology” Honorable Speaker at the "Global Virtual Summit on Catalysis and Chemical Engineering" Keynote Speaker at the ICCEC 2021 Meeting Keynote Speaker at the 2021 Catalysis Meet Keynote Speaker at the 5th International Conference on Catalysis and Chemical Engineering Keynote speaker at the 2021 Natural Gas Utilization Workshop Invited talk at the 5th International Conference on Fossil and Renewable Energy​ Service International board of experts for the National Academy of Sciences on Carbon Utilization and published a committee report and delivered seminars for the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in 2018. The publication reference is “Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization Status and Research Needs”, A.M. Gaffney, Washington, DC The National Academies Press. doi https//doi.org/10.17226/25232. <div class="ExternalClassD343E344F810462484BAA5BF6D3945D1"><p>Ph.D. Physical Organic Chemistry - University of Delaware</p><p>B.A. Chemistry and Mathematics - Mount Holyoke College</p></div><div class="ExternalClassB0BE2D913A444B35A5B9212419136EDA"><p>​American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)</p><p>American Chemical Society (ACS)</p><p>Organic Reaction Chemical Society (ORCS)</p><p>North American Catalysis Society (NAM) </p><p>Philadelphia Catalyst Club</p><p>Western States Catalysis Society</p></div><div class="ExternalClass4365218FE8534960AD485F89CF73AD89"><span style="font-size:16px;"><div style="font-size:16px;"><div>Propylene Oxide Production From The Direct Epoxidation Of Propylene Over A Modified Ag/CaCO3 Catalyst: Process Simulation, Flammability Safety & Economic Analysis; Anne M. Gaffney, Ashlea R. Brown, Matt W. Butler, Jessica S. Giacomini, Savannah F. Howell, Catherine G. Lee, Jacob A. Stiles, Kenneth L. Roberts, Michael Burkholder, Frank Gupton, abstract published for ACS Fall 2021 Meeting in Atlanta, GA<br></div><div><br></div><div>Ethylene Zero – Coupled with INL’s Integrated Energy Systems, Anne M. Gaffney, abstract published for ACS Fall 2021 Meeting in Atlanta, GA, invited talk in ENFL’s Women in </div><div>Science and Technology special symposium.<br><br></div><div>Studies of Zeolite-based Catalysts for Upcycling of Polymer Waste by use of Positron Annihilation Spectroscopies: 12.5th International Workshop on Positron and Positronium Chemistry 30 August – 3 September 2021, Internet publication, J. Urban-Klaehn, A. Jaeschke, A.M. Gaffney, A. Katz, J. Lauterbach, and W.F. Bauer<br></div><div><br></div><div>Identification of Opportunities For Integrating Chemical Processes For Carbon (Dioxide) Utilization To Nuclear Power Plants, M.M. Ramirez-Corredores, Luis A. Diaz, Anne M. Gaffney and Christopher A.Zarzana; Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 150, October 2021, 111450, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2021.111450<br></div><div><br></div><div>Editorial: Emerging Technologies and Associated Scientific Advancements for CCUS Deployment, Gadikota, G., Gaffney, A., Santos, R., Duan, L., Front. Energy Res., 15 April 2021, https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2021.649126<br></div><div><br></div><div>Plasma Catalysis for Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Anne M. Gaffney, invited author, ACS Spring 2021 National Meeting Proceedings.<br></div><div><br></div><div>Ethylene Zero – On the way to manufacturing with zero energy and zero CO2, Anne M. Gaffney, invited author, ACS Spring 2021 National Meeting Proceedings.<br></div><div><br></div><div>Insights into the Ag catalyzed direct epoxidation of propylene using molecular oxygen, Anne <br></div><div>M. Gaffney, invited author, ACS Spring 2021 National Meeting Proceedings.<br></div><div><br></div><div>Olefin Production from Paraffins using Oxidative Dehydrogenation & Process Intensified Technologies, Anne M. Gaffney, invited author, ACS Spring 2021 National Meeting Proceedings.<br></div><div><br></div><div>STL: Conversion of Waste Solids to Monomers and Intermediates, Anne M. Gaffney, invited author, 2021 International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Meeting Proceedings.<br></div><div><br></div><div>Waste Plastics Recycling or Repurposed During a Deep Space Mission, Anne M. Gaffney, invited author, 2021 International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Meeting Proceeding<br></div><div><br></div><div>Integrated Energy Systems and Applications to Chemical Manufacturing, Anne M. Gaffney, invited author, 5th International Conference on Fossil & Renewable Energy Proceedings, March 1, 2021.<br></div><div><br></div><div></div><div>Plasma Catalysis for Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited Author and Keynote Speaker, 5th International Conference on Catalysis and Chemical Engineering, peer reviewed proceeding abstract.<br></div><div><br></div><div>Waste Plastics Recycling or Repurposed during a Deep Space Mission, Anne M. Gaffney, Sam Pingali, Gennaro Maffia and Alexis Naclerio, invited manuscript to The Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management, peer reviewed 2021.<br></div><div><br></div><div>Solids to Liquids: Conversion of Waste Solids to Monomers and Intermediates, Anne M. Gaffney, Samyukta Pingali, Gennaro J. Maffia, invited manuscript to The Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management, peer reviewed 2021.<br></div><div><br></div><div>Deconstruction of high-density polyethylene into liquid hydrocarbon fuels and lubricants by hydrogenolysis over Ru catalyst, Anne M. Gaffney, a perspective article, Chem Catalysis 2021.<br></div><div><br></div><div>Plasma Catalysis for Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited Author and Keynote Speaker, 5th International Conference on Catalysis and Chemical Engineering, peer reviewed manuscript in preparation for Catalysis Today, 2021.<br></div></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Waste Plastics Recycling or Repurposed during a Deep Space Mission, Anne M. Gaffney, Sam Pingali, Gennaro Maffia and Alexis Naclerio, invited manuscript in preparation for The Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management, peer reviewed 2021.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Solids to Liquids: Conversion of Waste Solids to Monomers and Intermediates, Anne M. Gaffney, Samyukta Pingali, Gennaro J. Maffia, invited manuscript in preparation for The Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management, peer reviewed 2021.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Ethylene Production Using Oxidative Dehydrogenation: Effects of Combined Membrane-Based & Alternative Distillation Separation Technologies on Process Safety & Economics, Anne M. Gaffney, Natalie V. Duprez, Kelsey J. Louthan, Brianna L. Borders, James Gasque, Alexander Siegfried, Kenneth L. Roberts, Thomas G. Stanford, Yousif Alcheikhhamdona, Mina Hoorfar, Bo Chen, Sudip Majumdar and Hannah Muren, Fall AIChE Annual Meeting 2020, abstract publication, November 16, 2020.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Waste Plastic Upcycling, Anne M. Gaffney, Gennaro Maffia, Samyukta Pingali, Alexis Naclerio and Eden Collazo, Fall AIChE Annual Meeting 2020, abstract publication, November 20, 2020.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Toward Concurrent Engineering of the M1-Based Catalytic Systems for Oxidative Dehydrogenation (ODH) of Alkanes, Gaffney, A.M., Qi An, William A. Goddard, Weijian Diao, Michael Glazoff, submitted by invitation, Topics in Catalysis, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11244-020-01327-7.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Pathways to Closing the Carbon Loop for a Circular Economy, Anne M. Gaffney, abstract to the invited plenary talk at the 2020 Competitive Energy Systems Symposium on August 1st, New York City. <br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Evaluation and Analysis of Ethylene Production Using Oxidative Dehydrogenation, Anne M. Gaffney, Kenneth L. Roberts, Jacob Sims, Vincent Martin, Natalie Duprez and Kelsey Louthan, submitted by invitation to Catalysis Today, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2020.06.017.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Carbon Dioxide Utilization: An Opportunity for Integrating Catalysis to Nuclear Energy. M.M. Ramirez-Corredores and Anne M. Gaffney, submitted by invitation to J. of Catalysis, Oct. 2019.  Publication to issue soon.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Ethylene Production Using Oxidative Dehydrogenation: Effects Of Membrane-Based Separation Technology On Process Safety & Economics, Anne M. Gaffney, Natalie V. Duprez, Kelsey J. Louthan, Brianna Borders, James Gasque, Alexander Siegfried, Thomas G. Stanford, Kenneth L. Roberts, Yousif Alcheikhhamdona, Mina Hoorfar, Bo Chen, Sudip Majumdar, Hannah Murnen, Submitted by invitation to Catalysis Today, 2020, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2020.07.063.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Radiation-Induced Chemistry of Carbon Dioxide: A Pathway to Close the Carbon Loop for a Circular Economy, M.M. Ramirez-Corredores, Greeshma Gadikota, Erin E. Huang, and Anne M. Gaffney, Special Issue on Emerging Technologies and Associated Scientific Advancements for CCSU Deployment, in Frontiers in Energy Research – Carbon Capture, Storage and Utilization. Submitted by invitation in 2020, doi: 10.3389/fenrg.2020.00108.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Plasma Catalysis for Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Roxanne Pinsky, John Foster, Anne M. Gaffney, Piyush Sabharwall, Lucun Wang, Dan Ginosar, Abstract published in the proceedings of the 17th International Congress on Catalysis, meeting to be held in San Diego, CA, June 14 – 19, 2020.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Catalytic Conversion and Recycling of Waste Plastics and Environmental Remediation of Contaminated Water Supplies, Anne M. Gaffney, in collaboration with Professor Gennaro J. Maffia and his graduate students, Sonia Ethakkan and Aser Ibrahim, of Manhattan College, two abstracts published in the proceedings for 35th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management held in Annapolis, MD, March 22 – 25, 2020.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Recent Advances in Intensified Ethylene Production - A Review, Anne M. Gaffney et. al., Fall 2020 ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, published abstract.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">From Discovery to Commercialization - Highlights from the Chemical Manufacturing Industry, Anne M. Gaffney, plenary speaker at the Fall 2020, ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, Division of Energy and Fuels, Symposium on ACS Women in Energy: Accelerating Breakthrough Innovations in Translating Technologies from Bench to Market, published abstract.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Oxidative Dehydrogenation for the Conversion of Ethane to Ethylene, Anne M. Gaffney, et. al, AIChE 2020 Fall Meeting, published abstract.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">ChemPren: A new technology for conversion of mixed municipal waste to basic chemicals and fuel, Anne M. Gaffney, et. al, AIChE 2020 Fall Meeting, published abstract.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Ethylene Production Using Oxidative Dehydrogenation: Effects of Alternative Separation Technologies on Process Safety and Economics, Anne M. Gaffney, et. al, AIChE 2020 Fall Meeting,  and Fall 2020, ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, published abstracts.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">ChemPren Catalysts for the Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Anne M. Gaffney, et. al., Fall 2020 ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, published abstract.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Effect of Preparation Conditions and Additives on Gas-Phase Epoxidation Reactions with Ag/CaCO3 Catalysts, Anne M. Gaffney and Michael Burkholder, Fall 2020 ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, published abstract.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Electrochemical Conversion of Natural Gas to Value Added Chemicals book chapter in the book Direct Natural Gas Conversion to Value-Added Products, Wei Wu, Dong Ding and Anne M. Gaffney, CRC press, invited book chapter, submitted by invitation, published 2020, https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9780429022852/chapters/10.1201/9780429022852-1.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">New Advances in Waste Plastic Up-Cycling, Anne M. Gaffney, abstract to the invited plenary talk for the 2020 Organic Reactions Chemical Society Meeting to be held October 25 – 29, 2020.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Pathways to Closing the Carbon Loop for a Circular Economy, Anne M. Gaffney, abstract to the invited plenary talk at the 2020 Competitive Energy Systems Symposium on August 1st, New York City.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Carbon Dioxide Utilization: An Opportunity for Integrating Catalysis to Nuclear Energy. M.M. Ramirez-Corredores and Anne M. Gaffney, submitted by invitation to J. of Catalysis, Oct. 2019.  Publication to issue soon.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Ethylene Production Using Oxidative Dehydrogenation: Effects Of Membrane-Based Separation Technology On Process Safety & Economics, Anne M. Gaffney, Natalie V. Duprez, Kelsey J. Louthan, Brianna Borders, James Gasque, Alexander Siegfried, Thomas G. Stanford, Kenneth L. Roberts, Yousif Alcheikhhamdona, Mina Hoorfar, Bo Chen, Sudip Majumdar, Hannah Murnen, Submitted by invitation to Catalysis Today in 2020.  Manuscript to publish soon.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Catalytic Conversion and Recycling of Waste Plastics and Environmental Remediation of Contaminated Water Supplies, Anne M. Gaffney, in collaboration with Professor Gennaro J. Maffia and his graduate students, Sonia Ethakkan and Aser Ibrahim, of Manhattan College, two abstracts published in the proceedings for 35th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management held in Annapolis, MD, March 22 – 25, 2020.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Reconsidering Our Approach to Energy Planning: Innovation Energy System Configurations for Multi-Criteria Optimization, Anne M. Gaffney, manuscript in preparation with the DOE National Lab, Tri Lab Senior Leadership Team, (INL, NETL, NREL) in 2020 to be submitted to Science.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Oxidative Dehydrogenation for the Conversion of Ethane to Ethylene, Anne M. Gaffney, Kenneth L. Roberts, Jacob Sims, Vincent Martin, Natalie Duprez and Kelsey Louthan, AIChE 2020 Fall Meeting, published abstract.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">ChemPren: A new technology for conversion of mixed municipal waste to basic chemicals and fuel, Anne M. Gaffney, Ms. Roxanne Pinsky, Dr. John Foster, Dr. Piyush Sabharwall, Dr. Lucun Wang and Dr. Dan Ginosar, AIChE 2020 Fall Meeting, published abstract.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Ethylene Production Using Oxidative Dehydrogenation: Effects of Alternative Separation Technologies on Process Safety and Economics,Anne M. Gaffney, Kenneth L. Roberts, Jacob Sims, Vincent Martin, Natalie Duprez and Kelsey Louthan, AIChE 2020 Fall Meeting,  and Fall 2020, ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, published abstracts.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">ChemPren Catalysts for the Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Anne M. Gaffney, Ms. Roxanne Pinsky, Dr. John Foster, Dr. Piyush Sabharwall, Dr. Lucun Wang and Dr. Dan Ginosar, Fall 2020 ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, published abstract.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Effect of Preparation Conditions and Additives on Gas-Phase Epoxidation Reactions with Ag/CaCO3 Catalysts, Anne M. Gaffney, John Monnier, Weijian Diao, Frank Gupton and Michael Burkholder, Fall 2020 ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, published abstract.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Recent Advances in Intensified Ethylene Production - A Review, Anne M. Gaffney, plenary speaker at the May 12, 2020, Annual NSF Meeting for the Center for Innovation and Strategic Transformation of Alkane Resources (CISTAR), published abstract.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Direct Natural Gas Conversion to Value-Added Products, Dong Ding and Anne M. Gaffney, CRC press, invited book chapter, submitted by invitation, Dec. 2019.  Publication pending.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Integrated Catalytic Membrane Systems for Modular Manufacturing of On-Purpose Propylene at Shale Gas Sites, Michael V. Glazoff, Anne M. Gaffney, Qi An, and William A. Goddard, submitted by invitation to the J. of Catalysis, Dec. 2019.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Rational synthesis of bimetallic catalysts using electroless deposition methods, Weijian Diao, John Meynard M. Tengco, Anne M. Gaffney, and John R. Monnier, invited book chapter for the book series, Catalysis, volume 32, Royal Chemical Society, published Oct. 2019.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Idaho National Laboratory’s Advanced Design and Manufacturing Initiative, M.M. Ramrez-Corredores, Dong Ding and Anne M. Gaffney, invited manuscript, Catalysis Today, DOI information: 10.1016/j.cattod.2019.08.022; online publication completed Sept. 27, 2019.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Recent Advances in Process Intensification for Ethylene Production – A Review, Yunfei Gao, Luke, Neal, Dong Ding, Chinmoy Baroi, Wei Wu, Anne M. Gaffney, and Fanxing Li, ACS Catalysis, 2019, 9, 8592-8621, DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.9b02922, https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.9b02922. The publication date is August 12, 2019.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Spinel oxides as coke-resistant supports for NiO-based oxygen carriers in chemical looping combustion of methane, Amit Mishra, Ryan Dudek, Anne M. Gaffney, Dong Ding, and Fanxing Li, Catalysis Today, in press, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2019.09.010. It published online Sept. 10, 2019.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Energy Input and Process Flow for Plastic Recycling, R. M. Pinsky, P. Sabharwall, A. M. Gaffney, International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology, ISSN:2277-9655, 8 (7), July, 2019, pp. 230 – 243.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Energy Input and Process Flow for Carbon Capture and Storage, R. M. Pinsky, P. Sabharwall, L. Wendt, A. M. Gaffney, International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology, ISSN:2277-9655, 8 (7), July, 2019, pp. 244 – 254.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">INL’s Perspective on CO2 Capture and Utilization towards Chemicals and Fuels, peer reviewed abstract, invited keynote speaker at the 100th Anniversary of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Paris, France, July 10, 2019.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">An Historical Review of Light Alkane Activation to Higher Hydrocarbons, A. M. Gaffney, peer reviewed abstract, 26th North American Catalysis Society, Denver, CO, June 26, 2019.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Historical Review and Recommendations on the Oxidative Coupling of Methane, A.M. Gaffney, published abstract, 12th Natural Gas Conversion Symposium, San Antonio, TX, June 2-6, 2019.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Insights into Light Alkane Activation and Advances in Heterogeneous Catalysis and Electro-catalysis Including New Insights from Surface Science and Quantum Mechanics A.M. Gaffney, published abstract, IRSEE VIII Symposium, Irsee, Germany, May 23 – 26, 2019.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Selective Catalytic Routes for Light Hydrocarbon Upgrading, Anne M. Gaffney, 2019 Distinguished Researcher Award in Petroleum Chemistry, invited award seminar, abstract proceeding book, ACS ENFL Division National ACS Spring Meeting, Orlando, Florida, March 31 – April 4, 2019.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization: Status and Research Needs, Anne M. Gaffney, George Olah Award Symposium in Honor of Chunshan Song, invited speaker, abstract proceeding book, ACS ENFL Division National ACS Spring Meeting, Orlando, Florida, March 31 – April 4, 2019.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization: Status and Research Needs, A.M. Gaffney, Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/25232.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization, A.M. Gaffney, invited abstract, Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, Washington D.C., December 10, 2018.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Catalysis Technology Network: A Smooth Path from R&D to Industrialization, A.M. Gaffney, invited abstract for the CCNY Chemical Engineering Lecture Series, November 26, 2018.</div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">INL’s Advanced Design and Manufacturing Center, A.M Gaffney, Catalysis Today, 2018, under review.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Synthesis, characterization and applications of bi- and tri- metallic catalysts prepared by electroless deposition and co-electrolessdeposition, A.M. Gaffney, et. al, invited book chapter, Royal Society of Chemistry – Catalysis Volume 32, in preparation.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Advances in M1 Catalysis, A.M. Gaffney, invited author, VII IRSEE Symposium, Topics in Catalysis (in press).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Metrics for Evaluating Ethylene Production Using Oxidative Dehydrogenation, A.M. Gaffney, Aaron Beinstein, Amanda Peterman and Gennaro Maffia, International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology, Vol.7, Iss. 11, November 25, 2018.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization: Status and Research Needs, A.M. Gaffney, et. al., Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/25232.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> <br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Unconventional Approaches and Breakthroughs in Natural Gas Conversion vs. Syngas Routes, A.M. Gaffney, The Catalyst Group Resources, 2018.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Process Economics and Safety Consideration for the Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Ethane Using the M1 Catalyst, C. Baroi, A.M. Gaffney, R. Fushimi, Catalysis Today (2017), http://dx.doi.org/101016/j.cattod.2017.05.041.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Ethylene Production via Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Ethane using M1 Catalyst, A.M. Gaffney and Olivia M. Mason, Catalysis Today, 2017, 285, 159-165; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2017.01.020.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Characterization of the MoVTeNbOx Catalysts during Oxidation Reactions Using Insitu/Operando Techniques: A Review, Soe Lwin, Chinmoy Baroi, Weijian Diao, A.M. Gaffney and Rebecca R. Fushimi,  Catalysts 2017, 7, 109, doi;10.3390/catal7040109.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Techno-Economic Analysis of Oxidative Dehydrogenation Options, Gennaro J. Maffia, A.M. Gaffney and Olivia M. Mason, invited author, Topics in Catalysis, ISSN 1022-5528, DOI 10.1007/s11244-016-0677-9 (2016).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Techno-economic Assessment of Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Ethane to Ethylene, G. Maffia and A.M. Gaffney, invited authors, Catalysis Today, 2015.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br>The New ChemPren Process for the Conversion of Waste Plastic to Chemicals and Fuels, R. Fushimi, and A.M. Gaffney, invited authors, Topics in Catalysis, (2014), 57 (1412-1418).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Perspectives of Spray Pyrolysis for Facil Synthesis of Catalysts and Thin Films: An Introduction and Summary of Recent Directions, C. Guild, S. Biswas, Y. Meng, T. Jafari, A.M. Gaffney and S. Suib, invited authors, Catalysis Today, 238, 87-94 (2014).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">New Molecular Basket Sorbents for CO2 Capture Based on Mesoporous Sponge-like TUD-1, X. Wang, C. Song, A.M. Gaffney and R. Song, invited authors, Catalysis Today, 238, 95-102 (2014).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Technical and Commercial Progress in the Global Catalytic Process Industries, Movers & Shakers, The Catalyst Review, Vol. 26, Issue 2, A.M. Gaffney (invited author), February 2013.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Renewable Alternatives to Petroleum, edited by Anne. M. Gaffney and Yong Wang, Catalysis Today, vol. 156, pp. 1-74, January 11, 2011.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Novel in situ Zeolite Synthesis Technique, chapter authors Jan H. Koegler, Nelleke van der Puil, Chuen Y. Yeh and Anne M. Gaffney, editor Dr. Istvan Halasz, published in 2010, Research Signpost/Transworld Research Network, ISBN: 978-81-7895-455-4; Book entitled Silica and Silicates in Modern Catalysis.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Novel In-situ Zeolite Synthesis Technique, Anne M. Gaffney and Jan H. Koegler, Proceeding book for the 21st North American Catalysis Society Meeting, June 7-12, 2009, San Francisco, CA.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Catalysis and Chemistry for the Synthesis of Fuels, Chemicals and Petrochemicals, edited by Anne M. Gaffney and Yong Wang, Catalysis Today, Volume 140, Issues 3-4, pages 117-202 (February 28, 2009).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Surface modification of cordierite oriented toward the synthesis of a catalyst for a transesterification reaction, H. Galindo, Y. Carvajal, A.M. Gaffney and S. Suib., Proceeding book for the 6th World Congress on Oxidation Catalysis, July 6-10, 2009, Lille, France.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Sustainable Industrial Chemical Processes, Olefin/Paraffin Alkylation: Evolution of a Green Technology, chapter authors Anne M. Gaffney and Philip Angevine; editors Gabriele Centi, Ferruccio Trifiro, Fabrizio Cancavi and Siglinda Perathoner, book entitled Sustainable Industrial Processes, Wiley-VCH, ISBN, 978-3-527-31552-9 (2009).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">The synthesis of propene oxide: a successful example of sustainable industrial chemistry, chapter authors Anne M. Gaffney and Fabrizio Cavani; editors Gabriele Centi, Ferruccio Trifiro, Fabrizio Cancavi and Siglinda Perathoner, book entitled Sustainable Industrial Processes, Wiley-VCH, ISBN, 978-3-527-31552-9 (2009).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">TUD-1: A generalized mesoporous catalyst family for industrial applications, by Philip J. Angevine, Anne M. Gaffney, Zhiping Shan, Jan H. Koegler and Chuen Y. Yeh, book chapter in Catalysis of Organic Reactions, Edited by Michael Prunier, CRC Press, ISBN 978-1-4200-7076-7, Copyright 2009 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">TUD-1: Advanced Catalytic Materials for the Refining and Petrochemical Industry, by Phillip J. Angevine, Anne M. Gaffney, Zhiping Shan, and Chuen Y. Yeh, book chapter in ACS Symposium Series 1000, Innovations in Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, A Century of Achievements and Prospects for the New Millennium, Editors William H. Flank, Martine A. Abraham, and Michael A. Matthews, ISBN: 978-0-8412-6963-7, Copyright 2009 American Chemical Society.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> <br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Catalysis for Energy: Fundamental Science and Long-Term Impacts of the U.S. Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences Catalysis Science program, contributing author and committee member on the Review of the Basic Energy Sciences Catalysis Science Program Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology Division on Earth and Life Studies, report prepared on the behalf of the National Research Council of the National Academies, September 2008, National Academies Press, Copyright 2009 by the National Academy of Sciences.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Needle in a Haystack Catalysis, by Xiaolin Zheng, John T. Gleaves, Gregory S. Yablonsky, Thomas Brownscombe, and Anne M. Gaffney, Applied Catalysis A: General, Volume 341, Issue 1-2, pp 86-92 (15 June 2008).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Techniques for Fabricating Nanoscale Catalytic Circuits, by Rebecca Fushimi, Xiaolin Zheng, John T. Gleaves, Gregory Yablonsky, and Anne M. Gaffney, Topics in Catalysis (2008), 49 (3-4), 167-177.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Combining TAP-2 Experiments with Atomic Beam Deposition of Pd on Quartz Particles –Inferring Structure from the Evolution of Kinetic Properties, Rebecca Fushimi, John T. Gleaves, Gregory Yablonsky, and Anne M. Gaffney, Catalysis Today, 1 21 (3-4), 170-186 (2007).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Preparation of Multicomponent Metal Oxides Using Nozzle Spray and Microwaves, Laura Espinal, Kinga A. Malinger, Anais E. Espinal, Anne M. Gaffney and Steven L. Suib; Advanced Functional Materials, 17 (14), 2572-2579 (2007).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Catalysis by Metal Oxides: Comparison Between Bulk Mixed Oxides, Supported Oxides, Oxide Clusters, Organometallic Oxides and Oxide Single Crystals, Anne M. Gaffney, Miguel A. Banares, Israel E. Wachs, Gerhard Mestl, Topics in Catalysis, Volume 41 (2006) Nos. 1-4, pp. 1-72, Springer Science and Business Media, LLC.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Effect of Surface Promoters (Te, Nb and Sb) on Propane Oxidation to Acrylic Acid over Model Bulk Mixed Mo-V-O Catalysts, Vadim V. Guliants, Rishabh Bhandari, Balasubramanian, Swaminathan, Vijay K. Vasudevan, Anne M. Gaffney, Hidde Brongersma and Arnie Knoester, in press, J. of Physical Chemistry B (2006).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Probe Molecule Chemisorption – Low Energy Ion Scattering Study of Surface Active Sites Present in the Orthorhombic Mo-V-(Te-Nb)-O Catalysts for Propane (Amm)oxidation, Vadim V. Guliants, Rishabh Bhandari, Andrew R. Hughett, Salil Bhatt, Benjamin D. Schuler, Anne M. Gaffney, Hidde H. Brogersma and Arnie Knoester, J. of Physical Chemistry B (2006), 110(12), 6129 – 6140.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> <br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Surface Active Sties Present in the Orthorhombic M1 Phases: Low Energy Ion Scattering Study of Methanol and Allyl Alcohol Chemisorption over Mo-V-Te-Nb-O and Mo-V-O Catalysts, Vadium V. Guliants, Hidde H. Brongersma, Arnie Knoester and Anne M. Gaffney, Topics in Catalysis (2006), 38 (1-3), 41-50.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">A study of the Surface Region of the Mo-V-Te-O Catalysts for Propane Oxidation to Acrylic Acid, V.V. Guliants, R.Bhandari, H.H. Brongersma, A. Knoester, and A.M. Gaffney, J. of Physical Chemistry B (2005), 109 (20), 10234-10242.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Characterization and Catalytic Studies of PVD Synthesized Mo/V/Nb/Te Oxide Catalysts,   A.M. Gaffney, S. Chaturvedi, M.B. Clark, S. Han, D. Le, S.A. Rykov, J.G. Chen, J. Catal., 229(1), 12-23 (2005).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Peer Review on Frontiers in Catalysis, 2005 CAP Technical Report issued by the Catalyst Group, Anne M. Gaffney, December 16, 2005.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Recent advances in fuel processing catalysts for fuel cell applications, S. Katikaneni, A.M. Gaffney, S. Ahmed, C. Song, Catalysis Today, 99 (3-4), 255-256 (2005).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Roles of Surface Te, Nb, and Sb Oxides in Propane Oxidation to Acrylic Acid over Bulk Orthorhombic Mo-V-O Phase, Vadim V. Guliants, Rishabh Bhandari, Balasubramanian Swaminathan, Vijay K. Vasudevan, Hidde H. Brongersma, Arie Knoester, and Anne M. Gaffney, J. Phys. Chem B (2005), 109 (50), 24046-24055.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> <br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">TAP Vacuum Pulse–Response and Normal Pressure Studies of Propane Oxidation over MoVTeNb Oxide Catalysts, Rebecca Fushimi, Sergiy O. Shekhtman, Anne Gaffney, Gregory S. Yablonsky, and John T. Gleaves, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. (2005), vol. 44 (16), 6310-6319.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Selective Oxidation of Alkanes, Preface, A.M. Gaffney, V. Guliants, and U.S. Ozkan, Catalysis Today, Vol.81, Issue 2, pp. 73-305, (15 June 2003).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Fuel Processing for Fuel Cell Applications, S. Katikaneni, A.M. Gaffney, and C. Song, Catalysis Today (2002), 77(1-2), 1-2.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Book Review Published in CATTECH, Volume 6, No. 2, 89-90, 2002, Heterogeneous Catalytic Oxidation – Fundamental and Technological Aspects of the Selective and Total Oxidation of Organic Compounds, B.K. Hodnett.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">The Direct Epoxidation of Higher Olefins Using Molecular Oxygen, Special Issue of Applied Catalysis A: General, vol. 221, issues 1-2, 73, November 2001 Industrial Catalytic Processes from the Point of View of Industrial Researchers – Guest Editor: Wolfgang F. Hoelderich; research reviewed by Dr. John R. Monnier.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Ni-Rh Alloy Catalysts for the Conversion of Methane to Syngas, Proceedings Book of the 4th World Congress on Oxidation Catalysis, Berlin, Germany, A.M. Gaffney, September, 2001.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Promoted NiOx-MgO Solid Solution Catalysts for Syngas Production at the Millisecond Contact Time, A.M. Gaffney and R. Song, manuscript prepared for the Applied Catalysis, August 2000.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Three Dimensional Ni-Rh Alloy Structures for Syngas Production at the Millisecond Contact Time, A.M. Gaffney and R. Song, manuscript prepared for the Applied Catalysis, August 2000.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">New Developments in Direct Olefin Epoxidation, The Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 24  (1C), 101 (1999); research reviewed by Dr. Xiankuan Zhang.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on Oxidation Catalysis, A.M. Gaffney, R.K. Grasselli, J.E. Lyons, and T.S. Oyama; Vol. 110, Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis (1997).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Low Pressure Rhodium-Catalyzed Hydroformylation: Mechanism and Equilibria; L.U. Gron, M.E. London, A.M. Gaffney, and H.C. Foley; Proceedings of the 15th Conference of the Organic Reactions Catalysis Society Symposium; May 1994; Published in Catalysis of Organic Reactions, Marcel Dekker, Inc., Copyright 1995.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br>Preparation, Characterization and Catalysis of a Modified ZSM-5 Zeolite; A.M. Gaffney, C.A. Jones, J.A. Sofranko, C. Tsiao and C. Dybowski; ACS Symposium Series 517, Selectivity in Catalysis; 316; (1993).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Mechanism of Coinitiation of Photopolymerization of Methyl Methacrylate by Hexaarylbiimidazole- Hydrogen-Atom Donor Combinations. The Role of Electron Transfer vs. Direct Hydrogen Atom Abstraction; D.F. Eaton, A.M. Gaffney, and J.P. Horgan, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 58, 373 (1991).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Coke Formation on ZSM-5 Zeolites: Evidence From NMR Spectrometry of Sorbed Xenon Gas; C. Tsiao, C. Dybowski, A.M. Gaffney and J.A. Sofranko; J. Catal., 128, 520 (1991).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Catalytic Oxidative Coupling of Methane over Sodium-Promoted Mn/SiO2 and Mn/MgO; J.A. Sofranko, J.J. Leonard, C.A. Jones, A M. Gaffney and H.P. Withers; Symposium on Hydrocarbon Oxidation, Division of Petroleum Chemistry, Inc., ACS; 32 (3), 763 (1987); Catalysis Today, 3, 127 (1988).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Catalytic synthesis of Diesters, New Developments and Perspectives; A.M. Gaffney, J. J. Leonard and J. A. Sofranko and H. N. Sun; Chemical Industries (Dekker), 33 (Catalysis of Organic Reactions), 87-100 (1988).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Oxidative Coupling of Methane over Sodium Promoted Praseodymium Oxide; A.M. Gaffney, C.A. Jones, J.J. Leonard and J.A. Sofranko; Symposium on Direct Conversion of Methane to Higher Homologues; Division of Petroleum Chemistry, ACS; 33 (3), 445 (1988); J. Catal., 1 1 4, 422 (1988).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Oxidative Coupling of Methane to Higher Hydrocarbons over Sodium-Promoted Manganese Oxide on Silica and Magnesia; A.M. Gaffney, C.A. Jones, J.J. Leonard, J.A. Sofranko and H.P. Withers; Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis (1998), Volume Date 1987, 38 (Catalysis 1987) 523-9.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Heterogeneous Catalysts for Alcohol Oxycarbonylation to Dialkyl Oxalates; A.M. Gaffney, J.J. Leonard, J.A. Sofranko, and H.N. Sun; Symposium on Advance in Petrochemical Technology, Division of Petroleum Chemistry, ACS, 32 (1), 247 (1987); J. Catal., 9 0, 261 (1984).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> <br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Transition State Structure in Ion-Pair Base-Promoted Syn-Elimination Reactions; H. Kwart, A.M. Gaffney and K.A. Wilk, J. Chem. Soc., Perkins Trans., 2, 565 (1984).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> <br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Amine Base Promoted Beta-Elimination in Alpha-Bromo Ester Substrates. Evidence for Permutational Isomerism in the TBP Carbon Intermediate; H. Kwart, A.M. Gaffney and K.A. Wilk J. Org. Chem., 48, 4509 (1983).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Bromide Ion Promoted Beta-Elimination in Alpha-Bromo Ester Substrates. Evidence for an Intermediate in the E2 C Reaction;  H. Kwart and A.M. Gaffney; J. Org. Chem., 48, 4502 (1983).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Benzidine Rearrangements. Mechanism of the Acid-Catalyzed Disproportionation of 4,4’-diiodohydrazobenzene. Application of Heavy-Atom Kinetic Isotope Effects; H.J. Shine, J. Habdas, H. Kwart, M. Brechbiel, A.M. Gaffney and J. San Filippo, Jr., J. Am Chem. Soc., 105, 2823 (1983).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Benzidine Rearrangements. The Concerted Nature of the One-Proton p  -Semidine Rearrangement of 4- Methoxyhydrazobenzene; H.J. Shine, K. Zmuda, K.H. Park, H. Kwart, A.M. Gaffney, and M. Brechbiel; J. Am Chem. Soc., 104, 5181 (1982).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> <br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Benzidine Rearrangements. The Use of Heavy- Atom Kinetic Isotope Effects in Solving the Mechanism of the Acid-Catalyzed Rearrangement of Hydrazobenzene. The Concerted Pathway to Benzidine and the Nonconcerted Pathway to Diphenyline; H.J. Shine, K. Zmuda, K.H. Park, H. Kwart, A.M. Gaffney, and M. Brechbiel; J. Am Chem. Soc., 1 04, 2501 (1982).<br><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Evidence for Proton Tunneling in Strong Base Promoted Stepwise Beta-Elimination Reactions; H. Kwart and A M. Gaffney; J. Org. Chem., 4 7, 159 (1982).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Mechanistic Studies of Beta-Elimination Reactions, A.M. Gaffney, Avail. Univ. Microfilms Int., Order No. DA8210134 (1981), 165 pp. From: Diss. Abstr. Int. B 1982, 42(11), 4423.<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"><br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">Regarding the Mechanism of the Carbonyl-Forming Elimination Reaction of Alkyl Nitrates;   H. Kwart, T.J. George, A.M. Gaffney and Y.T. Lin; J. Org. Chem., 4 6, 5143 (1981).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> <br></div><div style="font-size:16px;">The Transition State in the Carbonyl-Forming Elimination Reaction of Alkyl Nitrates;  H. Kwart, T.J. George, A.M. Gaffney and Y.T. Lin; J. Org. Chem., 46, l970 (1981).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">The Mechanism of Catalysis of the Thio-Claisen Rearrangement; H. Kwart, W. H. Miles,  A.M. Gaffney, and L.D. Kwart; J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 1757 (1981).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">Structure of the Reaction Barrier in the Selenoxide-Mediated Formation of Olefins; L.D. Kwart, A.M. Gaffney and H. Kwart; J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1 03, 1232 (1981).<br></div><div style="font-size:16px;"> </div><div style="font-size:16px;">​​Mechanism of the Benzidine Rearrangement. Kinetic Isotope Effects and Transition States. Evidence for Concerted Rearrangement; H.J. Shine, H. Zmuda, K.H. Park, H. Kwart, A.M. Gaffney, C. Collins and B.E. Maxw ell; J. Am Chem. Soc., 103, 955 (1981)​<br></div></span></div>Advanced Manufacturing and Intelligent Systems;Advanced Manufacturing Leadership;​Advanced Preprocessing;Catalysis;Office of Science;Process Intensificationhttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/AnneGaffney2019.jpg<div class="ExternalClass628B657A4E834A64A25102E9253BA985"><p>U.S. Patent 10, 987, 661 B2, Issued 4/27/2021; A.M. Gaffney, “Alloyed Zeolite Catalyst Component, Method for Making and Catalytic Application Thereof".</p><p><br></p><p>U.S. Patent 62/916,901, filed 10/18/2019; A.M. Gaffney, “Integrated Chemical-Nuclear, Oxidative Dehydrogenation, And Related Systems And Processes​”.</p><p><br>U.S. Patent 10,421,062, Issued 9/24/2019; A.M. Gaffney, “Alloyed Zeolite Catalyst Component, Method for Making and Catalytic Application Thereof”. </p><p> <br></p><p>U.S. Patent Application 2019/0248717 A1; A.M. Gaffney, et. al., “Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Alkanes to Alkenes, and Related System”.</p><p><br>U.S. Patent Application 20190168192, Issued 6/6/2019; A.M. Gaffney, “Alloyed Zeolite Catalyst Component, Method for Making and Catalytic Application Thereof”. </p><p><br>U.S. Patent 10,239,049 B2, Issued 4/26/2019; A.M. Gaffney, “Alloyed Zeolite Catalyst Component, Method for Making and Catalytic Application Thereof”. </p><p><br>US Utility Patent Application, Docket No. BA-918, 4/11/2019, A.M. Gaffney and D. Ginosar, “Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Alkanes to Alkenes, and Related System”.</p><p> </p><p>U.S. Application No.: 13/396,160, notice of allowance 12/10/2018, “Alloyed Zeolite Catalyst Component, Method for Making and Catalytic Application Thereof, A.M. Gaffney.</p><p><br>Patent Cooperation Treaty PCT/US17/59844, filed 11/3/2017. Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Alkanes to Alkenes, and Related System. A. Gaffney, D. Ginosar, O. Mason.</p><p><br>Patent Cooperation Treaty PCT/US18/48000, filed 8/24/2018. Systems and Methods of Oxidizing Fluids. A. Gaffney, D. Ginosar.</p><p><br>United States Patent Application 62/737,287, filed 9/27/2018. Humidification Control of Alkane and Alkene Membrane Separation and Related Systems and Methods, A. Gaffney.  </p><p><br>Invention Disclosure. CO2 Removal Using FTS Membrane, A. Gaffney, D. Ginosar.</p><p><br>Invention Disclosure. Integrated Chemical Processing Industry Using Natural Gas Or Associated Gas As A Feedstock, A. Gaffney, D. Ginosar, O. Mason.</p><p><br>Invention Disclosure. Catalytic Reactive Distillation for Ethylene and Propylene via Oxidative Dehydrogenation, A. Gaffney, D. Ginosar, O. Mason.</p><p><br>Invention Disclosure. A Novel Supported Tellurium Free Highly Active Mixed Metal Oxide Catalyst For Oxidative Dehydrogenation Of Ethane To Ethylene Using Oxygen. C. Baroi, D. Ginosar, A. Gaffney.</p><p><br>US Patent Application Publication 20160303548 A1; Issued 10/20/2016; A.M. Gaffney, “Alloyed Zeolite Catalyst Component, Method for Making and Catalytic Application Thereof”.</p><p><br>US Patent 9,453,166; Issued 9/27/2016; A.M. Gaffney, et. al., “Systems and process for catalytic pyrolysis of biomass and hydrocarbonaceous materials for production of aromatics with optional olefin recycle, and catalysts having selected particle size for catalytic pyrolysis”.</p><p> </p><p>US Patent 9,404,045; Issued 8/2/2016; A.M. Gaffney, et. al., “Alloyed Zeolite Catalyst Component, Method for Making and Catalysis Application thereof”.</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication 20160200667 A1; Issued 7/14/2016; A.M. Gaffney, et. al, “Novel Process for Making Omega-Aminoalkylenic Aklyl Ester, for a New Route to Nylon 12”.</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication 20160046871 A1; Issued 2/18/2016; A.M. Gaffney, et. al,  “Systems and Processes for Catalytic Pyrolysis of Biomass and Hydrocarbonaceous Materials for Production of Aromatics with Optional Olefin Recycle, and Catalysts Having Selected Particle Size for Catalytic Pyrolysis.”</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication 20160030857 A1; Issued 2/4/2016; A.M. Gaffney, et. al., “Component Recovery Process for a New Route to Nylon 12”.</p><p> </p><p>US Patent 9,169,442; Issued 10/27/2015; A.M. Gaffney, et. al., "Systems and processes for catalytic pyrolysis of biomass and hydrocarbonaceous materials for production of aromatics with optional olefin recycle and catalysts having selected particle size for catalytic pyrolysis". </p><p> </p><p>WO 2015006360; Issued 1/15/2015; A.M. Gaffney, et. al., "Acyclic Alkenes via Ozonolysis of Multi-Unsaturated Cycloalkenes".<strong> </strong></p><p><strong><font face="Thread-00001f7c-Id-00000009"></font></strong> </p><p>US Patent 8,933,284; Issued 1/13/2015; A.M. Gaffney, et. al., "Process for the production of butadiene".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication 20150011725 A1; Issued 1/8/2015; A.M. Gaffney, et. al., "Nylon Polymer Process".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2015006360; Issued 1/15/2015; A.M.  Gaffney, et al., "Acyclic Alkenes via Ozonolysis of Multi- Unsaturated Cycloalkenes". </p><p> </p><p>US Patent 8,933,284; Issued 1/13/2015; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for the production of butadiene".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication 20150011725 A1; Issued 1/8/2015; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Nylon Polymer Process".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent 8,765,082; Issued 7/1/2014; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Combined carbon dioxide and oxygen process for ethylenebenzene dehydrogenation to styrene".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication 20130230450 A1; Issued 9/5/2013; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Catalysts Useful for the Alkylation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2013136111 A2; Issued 9/19/2013; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Production of polyamides using amino acids formed from omega-unsaturated fatty acids".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent 8,519,210; Issued 8/27/2013; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for producing ethylene via oxidative dehydrogenation".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent 8,450,232; Issued 5/28/2013; A.M. Gaffney et al.; "Catalysts useful for the alkylation of aromatic hydrocarbons".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication 20130102822 A1; Issued 4/25/2013; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for the production of butadiene".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication 20120294776 A1; Issued 11/22/2012; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Combined carbon dioxide and oxygen process for ethylbenzene dehydrogenation to styrene".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent 8,293,960; Issued 10/23/2012; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for the production of butadiene".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication, 2012215043 (A1); Issued 8/23/2012; A.M. Gaffney, "Alloyed Zeolite Catalyst Component, Method for Making and Catalytic Application Thereof".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication, 20120203042 (A1); Issued 8/9/2012; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Systems and Processes for Catalytic Pyrolysis of Biomass and Hydrocarbonaceous Materials for Production of Aromatics with Optional Olefin Recycle, and Catalysts having Selected Particle Size for Catalytic Pyrolysis".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent 8,237,000; Issued 8/7/2012; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Combined carbon dioxide and oxygen process for ethylbenzene dehydrogenation to styrene".</p><p> </p><p>PCT/US2010002472; Issued 5/15/2012; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Systems and Processes for Catalytic Pyrolysis of Biomass and Hydrocarbonaceous Materials for Production of Aromatics with Optional Olefin Recycle, and Catalysts having Selected Particle Size for Catalytic Pyrolysis".</p><p> </p><p>EP patent application 10745029.8 – 1211 PCT/US2010002176; Issued 4/11/2012;   A.M. Gaffney, et al.,</p><p>"Process for the Production of Butadiene".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent 8,105,972; Issued 1/31/2012; A.M. Gaffney, et.al, "Catalysts for the conversion of paraffins to olefins and use thereof".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent 8,105,971; Issued 1/31/2012; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for making catalysts useful for the conversion of paraffins to olefins".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent 8,105,968; Issued 1/31/2012; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Bimetallic Alkylation Catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent 8,049,036; Issued 11/1/2011; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Multi-staged catalyst systems and process for converting alkanes to alkenes and to their corresponding oxygenated products".</p><p> </p><p>EP  patent  application  09838536.2  –  1270  PCT/US2009059353;  Issued  9/12/2011;  A.M. Gaffney,  et.al.</p><p>"Catalysts useful for the alkylation of aromatic hydrocarbons".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2011022038 A1 20110224; Issued 2/24/2011; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Process for production of butadiene from C4-containing feed stocks".</p><p> </p><p>US 20110040134A1; 2/17/2011; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Process for production of butadiene from C4- containing feed stocks".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication, US 20110105784A1; Issued 5/5/2011; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Multi-staged catalyst system and process for converting alkanes to alkenes and their corresponding oxygenated products".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication, US 20100256432A1; Issued 10/7/2010; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Process for producing ethylene via oxidative hydrogenation (ODH) of ethane."</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication, US 20100255986A1; Issued 10/7/2010; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Catalysts for the conversion of paraffins to olefins and use thereof".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication, US 20100255985A1; Issued 10/7/2010; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Process of making catalysts useful for the conversion of paraffins to olefins".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2010115099A1; Issued 10/7/2010; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Process of making catalysts useful for the conversion of paraffins to olefins".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2010115105A1; Issued 10/7/2010; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Catalysts for the conversion of paraffins to olefins and use thereof".</p><p> </p><p>WO 20115108A1; Issued 10/7/2010; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Process for producing ethylene via oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane in the presence of metal oxide catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent 7,795,469; Issued 9/14/2010; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Process for the selective (AMM)oxidation of lower molecular weight alkanes and alkenes".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication, US 20100222621A1; Issued 9/2/2010; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Oxydehydrogenation of ethylbenzene using mixed metal oxide or sulfated zirconia catalysts to produce styrene".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2010099106A2; Issued 9/2/2010; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Oxydehydrogenation of ethylbenzene using mixed metal oxide or sulfated zirconia catalysts to produce styrene".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication, US 20100179359A1; Issued 7/15/2010; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Catalysts useful for the alkylation of aromatic hydrocarbons."</p><p> </p><p>US 7,718,568; Issued 5/18/2010; A.M. Gaffney and R. Song, "Hydrothermally synthesized Mo-V-M-Nb-X oxide catalysts for the selective oxidation of hydrocarbons".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application Publication, US 20090318743A1, Issued 12/24/09; "Combined carbon dioxide and oxygen process for ethylbenzene dehydrogenation to styrene", A.M. Gaffney, et al.</p><p> </p><p>Patent Application No.  12/542,565, Filed 8/17/09; A.M.  Gaffney, et al., "Improved Process for the Production of Butadiene".</p><p> </p><p>Patent Application No. 12/417,523, Filed 4/4/09; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for Producing Ethylene via Oxidative Dehydrogenation (ODH) of Ethane."</p><p> </p><p>US 7,553,986; Issued 6/30/09; A. M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for the selective (amm)oxidation of lower molecular weight alkanes and alkenes".</p><p> </p><p>US 20090036721; Issued 2/5/09; A. M. Gaffney, et al.,"Dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene and ethane using mixed metal oxide or sulfated zirconia catalysts to produce styrene".</p><p> </p><p>US Patent Application No. 12/353,693; Filed 1/14/09; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Method to improve activity of zeolite catalysts via acid treatment".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,396,955; Issued 7/8/08; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Annealed and promoted catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 20080154056A1; Issued 6/26/08; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for the selective (AMM) oxidation of lower molecular weight alkanes and alkenes".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1935868A1; Issued 6/25/08; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process and mixed metal oxide catalysts for the selective (amm)oxidation of lower molecular weight alkanes and alkenes".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,371,883; Issued 5/13/08; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Catalytic Oxidation Process".</p><p> </p><p>US 20080103331; Issued 5/1/08; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Annealed and promoted catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,361,622; Issued 4/22/08; A.M.  Gaffney, et al., "Multi-staged catalyst systems and process for converting alkanes to alkenes and to their corresponding oxygenated products".</p><p> </p><p>US 20080087574; Issued 4/17/08; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Bimetallic alkylation catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,348,292; Issued 3/25/08; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Annealed and promoted catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP patent application 07254977.7-1211; Issued 2/27/08; A.M. Gaffney, "Improved process for the selective (AMM) oxidation of lower molecular weight alkanes and alkenes".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,326,668; Issued 2/5/08; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Single crystalline phase catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,304,014; Issued 12/4/07; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Modified catalyst and process".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,288,669; Issued 10/30/07; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "NOx treated mixed metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 20070106089A1; Issued 5/10/07; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Multi-staged catalyst systems and process for converting alkanes to alkenes and to their corresponding oxygenated products".</p><p> </p><p>US 20070106088A1; Issued 5/10/07; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Hybrid catalyst systems and hybrid process for converting alkanes to alkenes and to their corresponding oxygenated products".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,208,445; Issued 4/24/07; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Single crystalline phase catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 20060183942A1; Issued 8/17/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Method for preparing catalysts and catalysts produced thereby".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,087,147; Issued 8/8/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Electroactive catalysis".</p><p> </p><p>US 20060167299A1; Issued 7/27/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Hydrothermally synthesized Mo-V-M-Nb-X oxide catalysts for the selective oxidation of hydrocarbons".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,074,956; Issued 7/11/06; A.M.  Gaffney, et al., "Hydrothermally  synthesized  Mo-V-M-X  oxide catalysts for the selective oxidation of hydrocarbons".</p><p> </p><p>US 20060122055A1; Issued 6/8/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "(Amm)oxidation catalyst and catalytic (amm) oxidation process for conversion of lower alkanes".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1666142A1; Issued 6/7/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Mixed metal oxide (amm)oxidation catalyst and catalytic process for conversion of lower alkanes".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1661620A1; Issued 5/31/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Dual-catalyst, dual-reactor systems for sequential steam cracking and partial oxidation of alkanes in short-contact-time reactors".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,053,022; Issued 5/30/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Hydrothermally synthesized Mo-V-M-Nb-X oxide catalysts for the selective oxidation of hydrocarbons".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1658895A1; Issued 5/24/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Multi-staged catalyst systems and process for converting alkanes to alkenes and to their corresponding oxygenated products".</p><p> </p><p>US 20060106244A1; Issued 5/18/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Hydrothermally synthesized Mo-V-M-X oxide catalysts for the selective oxidation of hydrocarbons".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,026,502; Issued 4/11/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Preparation of unsaturated carboxylic acids and unsaturated carboxylic acid esters from alkanes and/or alkenes".</p><p> </p><p>EP 06250531.8; Issued 4/6/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Method for preparing catalysts and the catalysts produced thereby".</p><p> </p><p>US 20060069280 A1; Issued 3/30/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Annealed and promoted catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,018,951; Issued 3/28/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Annealed and promoted catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 20060052634 A1; Issued 3/9/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Single crystalline phase catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 7,001,500; Issued 2/21/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Electroactive Catalysis".</p><p> </p><p>EP 05257253.4; Issued 1/27/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Improved (amm)oxidation catalyst and catalytic (amm)oxidation process for conversion of lower alkanes".</p><p> </p><p>EP 05257047.0; Issued 1/13/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Multi-staged catalyst systems and process for converting alkanes to alkenes and to their corresponding oxygenated products".</p><p> </p><p>EP 05257048.8; Issued 1/13/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Hybrid catalyst systems and hybrid process for converting alkanes to alkenes and to their corresponding oxygenated products".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,984,750; Issued 1/10/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "PVD Supported Mixed Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 20060004221A1; Issued 1/6/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Preparation of unsaturated carboxylic acids and unsaturated carboxylic acid esters from alkanes and/or alkenes".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,982,343; Issued 1/3/06; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Treatment of Mixed Metal Oxide Catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>US 20050277547A1; Issued 12/15/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "NOx Treated Mixed Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 20050261511A1; Issued 11/24/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Catalytic Oxidation Process".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,965,050; Issued 11/15/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Single Crystalline Phase Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 20050239643; Issued 10/27/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Structured Oxidation Catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>US 20050228197; Issued 10/13/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "NOx treated mixed metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 20050228196; Issued 10/13/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Supported Mixed Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1584613A2; Issued 10/12/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Improved catalytic oxidation process".</p><p> </p><p>US 20050203312; Issued 9/15/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Modified catalyst and process".</p><p> </p><p>US 20050203309; Issued 9/15/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Modified catalyst and process".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1574255A2; Issued 9/14/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for modifying Mo-V-Nb-based metal oxide catalysts"</p><p> </p><p>EP 1574254A2; Issued 9/14/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for modifying Mo-V-Nb-based metal oxide catalysts"</p><p> </p><p>EP 1574253A2; Issued 9/14/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for modifying Mo-V-Nb-based metal oxide catalysts"</p><p> </p><p>US 6,943,135; Issued 9/13/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "NOx treated mixed metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 05076683.1-; Issued 9/5/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Mixed metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 20050176985A1, Issued 8/11/05; A.M.  Gaffney, et al., "Process for the preparation of olefins, unsaturated carboxylic acids and unsaturated nitriles from alkanes".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,919,295; Issued 7/19/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Supported mixed metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,916,945; Issued 7/12/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "NOx treated mixed metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,914,150; Issued 7/5/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Mixed-metal oxide catalysts and process for preparing the same".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,911,556; Issued 6/28/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for the preparation of olefins, unsaturated carboxylic acids and unsaturated nitriles from alkanes".</p><p> </p><p>US 20050137415A1; Issued 6/23/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for the selective (amm)oxidation of lower molecular weight alkanes and alkenes".</p><p> </p><p>US 20050131255A1; Issued 6/16/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Catalyst systems for converting alkanes to alkenes and to their corresponding oxygenated products".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1533029 A1; Issued 5/25/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Catalyst systems for converting alkanes to alkenes and to their corresponding oxygenated products".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1531001 A1; Issued 5/18/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for preparing alkane or alkene oxidation or ammoxidation catalyst based on mixed metal oxides".</p><p> </p><p>US 20050107252A1; Issued 5/19/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for preparing mixed metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 05252094.7; Issued 5/4/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Improved Catalytic Oxidation Process".</p><p> </p><p>EP 05252245.5; Issued 4/9/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Structured Oxidation Catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>EP 05251200.1; Issued 2/28/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Modified catalysts and process".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,878,667B2, Issued 4/12/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Nichel-Rhodium Based Catalysts for Synthesis Gas Production".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,841,699B2, Issued 1/11/05; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Recalcined Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,825,380B2, Issued 11/30/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Promoted Multi-Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,818,588B2, Issued 11/16/04, A.M. Gaffney, et al., "NOx Treated Mixed Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 2004176244A1, Issued 9/9/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Orthorhombic Phase Mixed Metal Oxide".</p><p> </p><p>US 20040176656A1, Issued 9/9/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Rare Earth Metals as Oxidative Dehydrogenation Catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,797,840B2, Issued 9/28/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Promoted Multi-Metal Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,790,988B2; Issued 9/14/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Ir and/or Sm promoted multi-metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,777,571B2; Issued 8/17/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Mixed Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 2004116737A1; Issued 6/17/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "NOx treated mixed metal oxide catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,747,168B2; Issued 6/8/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Halogen promoted multi-metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,746,983B2; Issued 6/8/04; A.M. Gaffney and R. Song, "Hydrothermally synthesized Mo-V-M oxide catalysts for the selective oxidation of hydrocarbons".</p><p> </p><p>US 2004104109A1; Issued 6/3/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Electroactive Catalysis".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,740,620B2; Issued 5/25/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Single Crystalline Phase Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,734,136B2; Issued 5/11/04; A.M.  Gaffney, et al., "Ir and/or Sm Promoted Multi-Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1411043A1; Issued 4/21/04; A.M. Gaffney and A. Benderly, "Preparation of unsaturated carboxylic acids and unsaturated carboxylic acid esters from alkanes and/or alkenes".</p><p> </p><p>US 2004/0068153A1; Issued 4/8/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Rare earth metals as oxidative dehydrogenation catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>US 2004/0068148A1; Issued 4/8/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Oxidative dehydrogenation of hydrocarbons using catalysts with trace promoter metal loading".</p><p> </p><p>US 2004/0063990A1; Issued 4/1/04; A.M. Gaffney and Roger Song, "Hydrothermally synthesized Mo-V-M- Nb-Ox catalysts for the selective oxidation of hydrocarbons".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,700,029 B2; Issued 3/2/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Process for the Preparation of Olefins, Unsaturated Carboxylic Acids and Unsaturated Nitriles from Alkanes".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,700,015 B2; Issued 3/2/04; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Zn and/or Ga Promoted Multi-Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,677,270 B2; Issued 1/13/04; A.M. Gaffney, "Metal Carbide Catalysts and Process for Producing Synthesis Gas".</p><p> </p><p>US 2003/0236163 A1; Issued 12/25/03; A.M. Gaffney et al., "PVD Supported Mixed Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 03255809.0-; Issued 11/19/03; A.M. Gaffney and A. Benderly, "Preparation of unsaturated carboxylic acids and unsaturated carboxylic acid esters from alkanes and/or alkenes".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,645,905; Issued 11/11/03; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Annealed and Promoted Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1358932A1; Issued 11/05/03; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Supported mixed metal oxide catalyst for oxidation of alkane".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,642,174B2; Issued 11/04/03; A.M. Gaffney and Roger Song, "Mixed-metal oxide catalysts and process for preparing the same".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,635,191B2; Issued 10/21/03; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Supported nickel-magnesium oxide catalysts and processes for the production of syngas".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,630,078; Issued 10/07/03; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Reticulated ceramic foam catalysts for synthesis gas production".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,624,111B2; Issued 7/08/03; A.M.  Gaffney et al., "Zn and/or Ga Promoted Multi-Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,589,907 B2; Issued 9/23/03; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Halogen promoted multi-metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1318127 A2; Issued 6/11/03; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Improved processes for the preparation of olefins, unsaturated carboxylic acids and unsaturated nitriles from alkanes".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1312411 A2; Issued 5/21/03; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Electroactive Catalysis".</p><p> </p><p>EP 01306129 A1; Issued 5/02/03; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Preparation of a mixed metal oxide catalyst and its use in oxidation and ammoxidation reactions".</p><p> </p><p>EP 02258320.7; Issued 2/14/03; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Improved processes for the preparation of olefins, unsaturated carboxylic acids and unsaturated nitriles from alkanes".</p><p> </p><p>EP 02257745.6; Issued 1/21/03; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Electroactive Catalysis".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,504,053 B1; Issued 1/07/03; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Promoted Multi-Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1270068 A1; Issued 1/02/03; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Hydrothermally synthesized Mo-V-M-X oxide catalysts for the selective oxidation of hydrocarbons and catalyst production."</p><p> </p><p>EP 1266688 A2; Issued 12/18/02; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Mixed Metal Oxide Catalyst Doped by Vapor Depositing a Metal and Mixed Metal Oxide Catalyst Prepared by Depositing a Plurality of Films of Different Elements Using Physical Vapor Deposition."</p><p> </p><p>EP 1262235 A2; Issued 12/04/02; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Preparation of mixed-metal oxide catalyst used for conversion of e.g. alkane to unsaturated carboxylic acid, by forming by mixing compounds of specified elements and solvent(s), aging the gel, and calcining the gel."</p><p> </p><p>EP 1254709 A2; Issued 11/06/02; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Preparation of improved catalyst for oxidizing, e.g., alkane, involves contacting mixed metal oxide with liquid contact component, recovering and calcining insoluble materials, and promoting the so-formed catalyst with promoters."</p><p> </p><p>EP 1254706 A2; Issued 11/06/02; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Annealed and promoted catalyst for the production of unsaturated carboxylic acids and nitriles."</p><p> </p><p>US 2002161256 A1; Issued 10/31/02; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Single Crystalline Phase Catalyst."</p><p> </p><p>92. EP 1249274 A1; Issued 10/16/02; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Improvement Process of Performance Characteristics of Catalyst Used for Producing Unsaturated Carboxylic Acid, Involves Forming Admixture of Precursor and Source of Nitrogen Oxides and Calcining."</p><p> </p><p>US 6,461,996 B2; Issued 10/08/02; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Halogen Promoted Multi-Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US  6,461,539B1;  Issued  10/08/02; A.M. Gaffney,  "Metal  carbide  catalysts  and  process  for  producing synthesis gas".</p><p> </p><p>US 2002133044A1; Issued 9/19/02; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Catalyst used in production of unsaturated nitrile and unsaturated carboxylic acid, comprises promoted mixed metal oxide containing molybdenum and vanadium plus indium or rhenium".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,409,940 B1; Issued 6/25/02; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Nickel-Rhoduim Based Catalysts and Process for Preparing Synthesis Gas".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,407,280 B1; Issued 6/18/02; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Promoted Multi-Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,407,031 B1; Issued 6/18/02; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Promoted Multi-Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,403,525 B1; Issued 6/18/02; A.M. Gaffney et al., "Promoted Multi-Metal Oxide Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,402,989 B1; Issued 6/11/02; A.M. Gaffney, "Catalytic Partial Oxidation Process and Promoted Nickel Based Catalysts Supported on Magnesium Oxide".</p><p> </p><p>EP  1192988  A1;  Issued  4/03/02;  A.M. Gaffney,  et al.,"  Promoted  Multi-Metal  Oxide  Oxidation  or Ammoxidation Catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>EP  1192987  A1;  Issued  4/03/02;  A.M. Gaffney,  et al.,"  Promoted  Multi-Metal  Oxide  Oxidation  or Ammoxidation Catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1192986 A1; Issued 4/03/02; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Iridium and/or Samarium Promoted Multi-Metal Oxide Oxidation and Ammoxidation Catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1192984 A1; Issued 4/03/02; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Halogen Promoted Multi-Metal Oxide Oxidation and Ammoxidation Catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1192983 A1; Issued 4/03/02; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Indium Promoted Multi-Metal Oxide Oxidation and Ammoxidation Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 1192982 A1; Issued 4/03/02; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Zinc and/or Gallium Promoted Multi-Metal Oxide Oxidation and Ammoxidation Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 2002009406; Issued 1/24/02; A.M. Gaffney, K. Kostantinos, and L. Wang, "Chromium-rare earth based catalysts and process for partial oxidation of hydrocarbons to synthesis gas".</p><p> </p><p>US 2002006374 A1; Issued 1/17/02; A.M. Gaffney, K. Kostantinos, and L. Wang, "Chromium-based catalysts and processes for converting hydrocarbons to synthesis gas".</p><p> </p><p>US 2002002794 A1; Issued 1/10/02; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Graded Nickel Alloy Catalyst Beds and Process for Production of Syngas".</p><p> </p><p>US 2002000539 A1; Issued 1/3/02; A.M.  Gaffney, et al., "Bulk Nickel Catalysts and Process for the Production of Syngas".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2001096234 A2; Issued 12/20/01; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Supported nickel-magnesium oxide catalysts and processes for the production of syngas".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2001060515 A2; Issued 8/23/01; A.M. Gaffney, K. Kostantinos, and L. Wang, "Reticulated ceramic foam catalysts for synthesis gas production".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2001060740 A2; Issued 8/23/01; A.M. Gaffney, K. Kostantinos, and L. Wang, "Chromium-based catalysts and processes for converting hydrocarbons to synthesis gas".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2001060741 A1; Issued 8/23/01; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Thermally integrated monolith catalysts and processes for producing synthesis gas".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2001060742 A1; Issued 8/23/01; A.M. Gaffney, K. Kostantinos, and L. Wang, "Chromium-rare earth based catalysts and processes for converting hydrocarbons to synthesis gas".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2001053196 A1; Issued 7/26/01; A.M. Gaffney, R. Song, and R. Oswald, "Thermal shock resistant catalysts for synthesis gas production".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2001051414 A1; Issued 7/19/01; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Bulk nickel alloy catalysts and process for production of syngas".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2001051413; Issued 7/19/01; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Bulk nickel catalysts and process for production of syngas".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2001051411; Issued 7/19/01; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Graded nickel alloy catalyst beds and process for production of syngas".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2001036323 A2; Issued 5/25/01; A.M. Gaffney, R. Song, R. Oswald, and D. Corbin, "Cobalt-based catalysts and process for producing synthesis gas".</p><p> </p><p>WO 2001034517 A1; Issued 5/17/01; A.M. Gaffney and K. Kourtakis, "Chromium-based catalysts and process for converting hydrocarbons to synthesis gas".</p><p> </p><p>USP 6461539; WO 2001028679 A1; Issued 4/26/01; A.M. Gaffney, "Metal carbide catalysts and process for producing synthesis gas".</p><p> </p><p>EP 01308131.0; Issued 4/12/01; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Promoted multi-metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 01308129.4; Issued 4/12/01; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Promoted multi-metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 01308128.6; Issued 4/12/01; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Ir and/or Sm promoted multi-metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 01308121.1; Issued 4/12/01; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Halogen promoted multi-metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 01308115.3; Issued 4/12/01; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Promoted multi-metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>EP 01308114.6; Issued 4/12/01; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Zn and/or Ga promoted multi-metal oxide catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>WO 01/12321 A1; Issued 2/22/01; A.M. Gaffney, "Catalytic Partial Oxidation Process and Promoted Nickel Based Catalysts Supported on Magnesium Oxide".</p><p> </p><p>US 6,083,870; Issued 7/4/00; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Alkaline Earth Metal Compound-Supported Silver Catalysts ".</p><p> </p><p>EP 98952582; Issued 6/21/00; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Epoxidation Process Using Supported Silver Catalysts Treated With Carbon Dioxide".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,965,480; Issued 10/12/99; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Chloride Containing Silver Catalysts for Propylene Epoxidation".</p><p> </p><p>EP 98928297; Issued 8/12/99; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Epoxidation Process Using Supported Silver Catalysts Pretreated With Organic Chloride".</p><p> </p><p>EP 98929347; Issued 8/12/99; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Propylene Epoxidation Using Chloride-Containing Silver Catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>EP 98921485; Issued 8/12/99; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Propylene Oxide Process Using Alkaline Earth Metal Compound-Supported Silver Catalysts Containing Tungsten and Potassium Promoters".</p><p> </p><p>EP 97911175; Issued 5/21/99; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Propylene Oxide Process Using Mixed Precious Metal Catalyst Supported on Alkaline Earth Metal Carbonate".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,864,047; Issued 1/26/99; A.M. Gaffney, "Propylene Oxide Process Using Alkaline Earth Metal Compound-Supported Silver Catalysts Containing Rhenium and Potassium Promoters".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,861,519; Issued 1/19/99; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Propylene Oxide Process Using Alkaline Earth Metal Compound-Supported Silver Catalysts Containing Tungsten and Potassium Promoters".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,856,534; Issued 1/5/99; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Epoxidation Process Using Supported Silver Catalysts Treated with Carbon Dioxide".</p><p> </p><p>WO 9852931 A1; Issued 11/26/98; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Preparation of Propylene Oxide by Direct Epoxidation of Propylene Using Alkaline Earth Metal Compound-Supported Silver Catalysts Containing Tungsten and Potassium Promoters".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,780,657; Issued 7/14/98; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Propylene Epoxidation Using Chloride-Containing Silver Catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,770,746; Issued 6/23/98; A.M. Gaffney, et al., "Epoxidation Process Using Supported Silver Catalysts Pretreated With Organic Chloride".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,763,630; Issued 6/9/98; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Propylene Oxide Process Using Alkaline Earth Metal Compound – Supported Silver Catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>T.W. 89827; Issued 1/23/98; A. M. Gaffney, et al., "Hydroformylation Process and Bimetallic Catalyst Therefor".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,703,254; Issued 12/30/97; A.M. Gaffney, A.P. Kahn, and R. Pitchai; "Propylene Oxide Process Using Mixed Precious Metal Catalyst Supported on Alkaline Earth Metal Carbonate".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,698,719; Issued 12/16/97; A.M. Gaffney, C.A. Jones, R. Pitchai, and A.P. Kahn; "Oxirane Production".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,686,380; Issued 11/14/97; A.M. Gaffney, A.P. Kahn, and R. Pitchai; "Vapor Phase Oxidation                of Propylene to Propylene Oxide".</p><p> </p><p>WO 97/34694; Issued 9/25/97; A.M. Gaffney, A.P. Kahn, and R. Pitchai; "Propylene Oxide Process Using Alkaline Earth Metal Compound - Supported Silver Catalysts".</p><p> </p><p>WO 97/34693; Issued 9/25/97; A.M. Gaffney, A.P. Kahn, and R. Pitchai; "Supports for silver catalysts for propylene epoxidation giving improved conversion and selectivity".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,625,084; Issued 4/29/97; A.M.  Gaffney, A.P.  Kahn, and R. Pitchai; "Vapor Phase Oxidation of Propylene to Propylene Oxide".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,462,971; Issued 10/31/95; A.M. Gaffney and C.A. Jones; "Process for Treating Polyether Polyols".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,319,114; Issued 6/7/94; A.M. Gaffney, M.K. Nandi, R. Pitchai, Y-Z Han; "Olefin Epoxidation Using a Carbon Molecular Sieve Impregnated with a Transition Metal"</p><p> </p><p>US 5,276,210; Issued 1/4/94; A.M. Gaffney, M. Nandi, R. Pitchai, and Y-Z Han; "Hydroformylation Process and Bimetallic Catalyst Therefor".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,233,093; Issued 8/3/93; A.M. Gaffney, R. Pitchai, M. Nandi and Y-Z Han; "Hydroformylation Process and Bimetallic Catalysts Therefor".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,210,336; Issued 5/11/93; A.M. Gaffney and J.A. Sofranko; "Oxidation of Olefin to Glycol".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,192,809; Issued 3/9/93; A.M. Gaffney, et al.; "Catalytic Cracking of Polyurethanes and Mixed Plastics to Basic Chemicals".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,171,921; Issued 12/15/92; A.M. Gaffney and J.A. Sofranko; "Production of Olefins".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,146,034; Issued 9/8/92; A.M. Gaffney, E. Morales and J.A. Sofranko; "Conversion of Paraffins to Olefins".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,146,027; Issued 9/8/92; A.M. Gaffney and Phillips Petroleum Company; "Methane Conversion Process".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,136,108; Issued 8/4/92; A.M. Gaffney and W.J. Piel; "Production of Oxygenated Fuel Components".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,126,480; Issued 6/30/92; A.M. Gaffney and J.A. Sofranko; "Isocyanate Preparation".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,107,050; Issued 4/21/92; A.M. Gaffney and C.A. Jones; "Olefin Skeletal Isomerization".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,107,042; Issued 4/21/92; A.M. Gaffney and J.A. Sofranko; "Preparation of Olefins Using Selectively Protonated Zeolite".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,093,542; Issued 3/8/92; A.M. Gaffney; "Methane Conversion Process".</p><p> </p><p>US 5,091,163; Issued 2/25/92; A.M. Gaffney and J.A. Sofranko; "Partially Protonated Sodium-ZSM-5 Method of Making".</p><p> </p><p>EP 385631; Issued 9/15/90; A.M. Gaffney and J.A. Sofranko; "Selective Oxidation of Propylene to Propylene Glycol in Supercritical Media".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,849,571; Issued 7/18/89; A.M. Gaffney; "Hydrocarbon Production".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,795,849; Issued 1/3/89; A.M. Gaffney, C.A. Jones, and J.A. Sofranko; "Methane Conversion Process".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,795,842; Issued 1/3/89; A.M. Gaffney, C.A. Jones, and J.A. Sofranko; "Conversion of Methane to Higher Hydrocarbons".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,788,372; Issued 11/29/89; A.M. Gaffney; "Process for Conversion of Methane into Higher Hydrocarbons".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,742,180; Issued 5/3/88; A.M. Gaffney; "Hydrocarbon Dehydrogenation".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,727,212; Issued 2/23/88; A.M. Gaffney; "Methane Conversion".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,727,211; Issued 2/23/88; A.M. Gaffney; "Methane Conversion".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,670,619; Issued 6/2/87; Withers, C.A., Jones, J.J., Leonard, J.A., Sofranko, A.M. Gaffney; "Methane Conversion Process.</p><p> </p><p>US 4,560,823; Issued 12/24/85; A.M. Gaffney; "Hydrocarbon Dehydrogenation".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,511,754; Issued 4/16/85; A.M. Gaffney; "Hydrocarbon Dehydrogenation".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,499,324; Issued 2/12/85; A.M. Gaffney; "Methane Conversion".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,499,323; Issued 2/12/85; A.M. Gaffney; "Methane Conversion".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,454,342; Issued 6/2/84; A.M. Gaffney; and J.A. Sofranko; "Preparation of Dialkyl Oxalates Using a Heterogeneous Pd-V-P Catalyst for the Oxidative Carbonylation of Alcohols".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,451,666; Issued 5/29/84; J.A. Sofranko and A.M. Gaffney; "Synthesis of Oxalate Esters by the Oxidative Carbonylation of Alcohols with a Heterogeneous Manganese Promoted Pd-V-P Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,447,639; Issued 5/8/84; J.A. Sofranko and A.M. Gaffney; "Oxidative Carbonylation of Alcohols to Dialkyl Oxalates Using a Heterogeneous Iron Promoted Pd-V-P Catalyst".</p><p> </p><p>US 4,447,638; Issued 5/8/84; A.M. Gaffney and J.A. Sofranko; "Preparation of Dialkyl Oxalates by the Oxidative Carbonylation of Alcohols with a Heterogeneous Pd-V-P- Ti Containing Catalyst".</p></div>Chief Science Officer for INL's Energy, Environment, Science and Technology division and continuing role of Distinguished Laboratory Fellow at INL.<div class="ExternalClassFA91A3E9A2194E438F78671AE81D3492"><div class="ExternalClassFA91A3E9A2194E438F78671AE81D3492"><p>Propylene Oxide Production from the Direct Epoxidation of Propylene Over A Modified Ag/Caco3 Catalyst: Process Simulation, Flammability Safety & Economic Analysis; Anne M. Gaffney, Ashlea R. Brown, Matt W. Butler, Jessica S. Giacomini, Savannah F. Howell, Catherine G. Lee, Jacob A. Stiles, Kenneth L. Roberts, Michael Burkholder, Frank Gupton, presented at the ACS Fall 2021 Meeting in Atlanta, GA</p><p><br></p><p>Ethylene Zero – Coupled with INL's Integrated Energy Systems, Anne M. Gaffney, presented at the ACS Fall 2021 Meeting in Atlanta, GA, invited talk in ENFL's Women in Science and Technology special symposium.</p><p><br></p><p>Studies of Zeolite-based Catalysts for Upcycling of Polymer Waste by use of Positron Annihilation Spectroscopies: 12.5th International Workshop on Positron and Positronium Chemistry 30 August – 3 September 2021, Internet presentation, J. Urban-Klaehn, A. Jaeschke, A.M. Gaffney, A. Katz, J. Lauterbach, and W.F. Bauer</p><p><br></p><p>Plasma Catalysis for Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, ACS Spring 2021 National Meeting.</p><p><br></p><p>Ethylene Zero – On the way to manufacturing with zero energy and zero CO2, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, ACS Spring 2021 National Meeting.</p><p><br></p><p>Insights into the Ag catalyzed direct epoxidation of propylene using molecular oxygen, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, ACS Spring 2021 National Meeting Proceedings.</p><p><br></p><p>Olefin Production from Paraffins using Oxidative Dehydrogenation & Process Intensified Technologies, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, ACS Spring 2021 National Meeting.</p><p><br></p><p>STL: Conversion of Waste Solids to Monomers and Intermediates, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, 2021 International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management.</p><p><br></p><p>Waste Plastics Recycling or Repurposed During a Deep Space Mission, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, 2021 International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management.</p><p><br></p><p>Integrated Energy Systems and Applications to Chemical Manufacturing, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, 5th International Conference on Fossil & Renewable Energy Proceedings, March 1, 2021.</p><p><br></p><p>Plasma Catalysis for Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Anne M. Gaffney, Keynote Speaker, 5th International Conference on Catalysis and Chemical Engineering, February 22 – 24, 2021. </p><p><br></p><p>Propylene Oxide Production From The Direct Epoxidation Of Propylene Over A Modified Ag/Caco3 Catalyst: Process Simulation, Flammability Safety & Economic Analysis; Anne M. Gaffney, Ashlea R. Brown, Matt W. Butler, Jessica S. Giacomini, Savannah F. Howell, Catherine G. Lee, Jacob A. Stiles, Kenneth L. Roberts, Michael Burkholder, Frank Gupton, presented at the ACS Fall 2021 Meeting in Atlanta, GA</p><p><br></p><p>Ethylene Zero – Coupled with INL's Integrated Energy Systems, Anne M. Gaffney, presented at the  ACS Fall 2021 Meeting in Atlanta, GA, invited talk in ENFL's Women in Science and Technology special symposium.</p><p><br></p><p>Studies of Zeolite-based Catalysts for Upcycling of Polymer Waste by use of Positron Annihilation Spectroscopies: 12.5th International Workshop on Positron and Positronium Chemistry 30 August – 3 September 2021, Internet presentation, J. Urban-Klaehn, A. Jaeschke, A.M. Gaffney, A. Katz, J. Lauterbach, and W.F. Bauer</p><p><br></p><p>Plasma Catalysis for Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, ACS Spring 2021 National Meeting.</p><p><br></p><p>Ethylene Zero – On the way to manufacturing with zero energy and zero CO2, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, ACS Spring 2021 National Meeting.</p><p><br></p><p>Insights into the Ag catalyzed direct epoxidation of propylene using molecular oxygen, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, ACS Spring 2021 National Meeting Proceedings.</p><p><br></p><p>Olefin Production from Paraffins using Oxidative Dehydrogenation & Process Intensified Technologies, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, ACS Spring 2021 National Meeting.</p><p><br></p><p>STL: Conversion of Waste Solids to Monomers and Intermediates, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, 2021 International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management.</p><p><br></p><p>Waste Plastics Recycling or Repurposed During a Deep Space Mission, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, 2021 International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management.</p><p><br></p><p>Integrated Energy Systems and Applications to Chemical Manufacturing, Anne M. Gaffney, invited presenter, 5th International Conference on Fossil & Renewable Energy Proceedings, March 1, 2021.</p><p><br></p><p>Plasma Catalysis for Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Anne M. Gaffney, Keynote Speaker, 5th International Conference on Catalysis and Chemical Engineering, February 22 – 24, 2021.</p><p><br></p><p>Waste Plastics Recycling or Repurposed during a Deep Space Mission, Anne M. Gaffney, Sam Pingali, Gennaro Maffia and Alexis Naclerio, invited paper at the International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, March 14 – 17, 2021.</p><p><br></p><p>Solids to Liquids: Conversion of Waste Solids to Monomers and Intermediates, Anne M. Gaffney, Samyukta Pingali, Gennaro J. Maffia, invited paper at the International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, March 14 – 17, 2021.</p><p><br></p><p>Ethylene Production Using Oxidative Dehydrogenation: Effects of Combined Membrane-Based & Alternative Distillation Separation Technologies on Process Safety & Economics, Anne M. Gaffney, Natalie V. Duprez, Kelsey J. Louthan, Brianna L. Borders, James Gasque, Alexander Siegfried, Kenneth L. Roberts, Thomas G. Stanford, Yousif Alcheikhhamdona, Mina Hoorfar, Bo Chen, Sudip Majumdar and Hannah Muren, Fall AIChE Annual Meeting 2020, virtual presentation, November 16, 2020.</p><p><br></p><p>Waste Plastic Upcycling, Anne M. Gaffney, Gennaro Maffia, Samyukta Pingali, Alexis Naclerio and Eden Collazo, Fall AIChE Annual Meeting 2020, virtual presentation, November 20, 2020.</p><p><br></p><p>New Advances in Waste Plastic Up-Cycling, Anne M. Gaffney, invited plenary talk for the 2020 Organic Reactions Chemical Society Meeting to have been held October 25 – 29, 2020.</p><p><br></p><p>Pathways to Closing the Carbon Loop for a Circular Economy, Anne M. Gaffney, invited plenary talk at the 2020 Competitive Energy Systems Symposium on August 1st, New York City.</p><p><br></p><p>Recent Advances in Intensified Ethylene Production - A Review, Anne M. Gaffney et. al., Fall 2020 ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>From Discovery to Commercialization - Highlights from the Chemical Manufacturing Industry, Anne M. Gaffney, plenary speaker at the Fall 2020, ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, Division of Energy and Fuels, Symposium on ACS Women in Energy: Accelerating Breakthrough Innovations in Translating Technologies from Bench to Market, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>Oxidative Dehydrogenation for the Conversion of Ethane to Ethylene, Anne M. Gaffney, et. al, AIChE 2020 Fall Meeting, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>ChemPren: A new technology for conversion of mixed municipal waste to basic chemicals and fuel, Anne M. Gaffney, et. al, AIChE 2020 Fall Meeting, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>Ethylene Production Using Oxidative Dehydrogenation: Effects of Alternative Separation Technologies on Process Safety and Economics, Anne M. Gaffney, et. al, AIChE 2020 Fall Meeting, and Fall 2020, ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>ChemPren Catalysts for the Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Anne M. Gaffney, et. al., Fall 2020 ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>Effect of Preparation Conditions and Additives on Gas-Phase Epoxidation Reactions with Ag/CaCO3 Catalysts, Fall 2020 ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>Recent Advances in Intensified Ethylene Production - A Review, Anne M. Gaffney, plenary speaker at the May 12, 2020, Annual NSF Meeting for the Center for Innovation and Strategic Transformation of Alkane Resources (CISTAR), oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>Plasma Catalysis for Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Roxanne Pinsky, John Foster, Anne M. Gaffney, Piyush Sabharwall, Lucun Wang, and Dan Ginosar, Oral presentation at the 17th International Congress on Catalysis, meeting to be held in San Diego, CA, June 14 – 19, 2020.</p><p><br></p><p>Catalytic Conversion and Recycling of Waste Plastics and Environmental Remediation of Contaminated Water Supplies, Anne M. Gaffney, in collaboration with Professor Gennaro J. Maffia and his graduate students, Sonia Ethakkan and Aser Ibrahim, of Manhattan College, two oral presentations at the 35th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management held in Annapolis, MD, March 22 – 25, 2020.</p><p><br></p><p>New Advances in Waste Plastic Up-Cycling, Anne M. Gaffney, invited plenary talk for the 2020 Organic Reactions Chemical Society Meeting to be held October 25 – 29, 2020.</p><p><br></p><p>Pathways to Closing the Carbon Loop for a Circular Economy, Anne M. Gaffney, invited plenary talk at the 2020 Competitive Energy Systems Symposium on August 1st, New York City.</p><p><br></p><p>Recent Advances in Intensified Ethylene Production - A Review, Anne M. Gaffney et. al., Fall 2020 ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>From Discovery to Commercialization - Highlights from the Chemical Manufacturing Industry, Anne M. Gaffney, plenary speaker at the Fall 2020, ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, Division of Energy and Fuels, Symposium on ACS Women in Energy: Accelerating Breakthrough Innovations in Translating Technologies from Bench to Market, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>Oxidative Dehydrogenation for the Conversion of Ethane to Ethylene, Anne M. Gaffney, Kenneth L. Roberts, Jacob Sims, Vincent Martin, Natalie Duprez and Kelsey Louthan, AIChE 2020 Fall Meeting, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>ChemPren: A new technology for conversion of mixed municipal waste to basic chemicals and fuel, Anne M. Gaffney, Ms. Roxanne Pinsky, Dr. John Foster, Dr. Piyush Sabharwall, Dr. Lucun Wang and Dr. Dan Ginosar, AIChE 2020 Fall Meeting, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>Ethylene Production Using Oxidative Dehydrogenation: Effects of Alternative Separation Technologies on Process Safety and Economics, Anne M. Gaffney, Kenneth L. Roberts, Jacob Sims, Vincent Martin, Natalie Duprez and Kelsey Louthan, AIChE 2020 Fall Meeting, and Fall 2020, ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>ChemPren Catalysts for the Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Anne M. Gaffney, Ms. Roxanne Pinsky, Dr. John Foster, Dr. Piyush Sabharwall, Dr. Lucun Wang and Dr. Dan Ginosar, Fall 2020 ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>Effect of Preparation Conditions and Additives on Gas-Phase Epoxidation Reactions with Ag/CaCO3 Catalysts, Anne M. Gaffney, Anne M. Gaffney, John Monnier, Weijian Diao, Frank Gupton and Michael Burkholder, Fall 2020 ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>Recent Advances in Intensified Ethylene Production - A Review, Anne M. Gaffney, plenary speaker at the May 12, 2020, Annual NSF Meeting for the Center for Innovation and Strategic Transformation of Alkane Resources (CISTAR), oral presentation.</p><p><br></p><p>Plasma Catalysis for Disassembly of Polymers into Valuable Products, Roxanne Pinsky,  John Foster, Anne M. Gaffney, Piyush Sabharwall, Lucun Wang, and Dan Ginosar. Oral presentation at the 17th International Congress on Catalysis, meeting to be held in San Diego, CA, June 14 – 19, 2020.</p><p><br></p><p>Catalytic Conversion and Recycling of Waste Plastics and Environmental Remediation of Contaminated Water Supplies, Anne M. Gaffney, in collaboration with Professor Gennaro J. Maffia and his graduate students, Sonia Ethakkan and Aser Ibrahim, of Manhattan College, two oral presentations at the 35th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management held in Annapolis, MD, March 22 – 25, 2020.</p><p><br></p><p>INL's Perspective on CO2 Capture and Utilization towards Chemicals and Fuels, Anne M. Gaffney, invited keynote speaker at the 100th Anniversary of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Paris, France, July 10, 2019.</p><p><br></p><p>An Historical Review of Light Alkane Activation to Higher Hydrocarbons, A. M. Gaffney, oral presentation, 26th North American Catalysis Society, Denver, CO, June 26, 2019.</p><p><br></p><p>Historical Review and Recommendations on the Oxidative Coupling of Methane, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, 12th Natural Gas Conversion Symposium, San Antonio, TX, June 2-6, 2019.</p><p><br></p><p>Insights into Light Alkane Activation and Advances in Heterogeneous Catalysis and Electro-catalysis Including New Insights from Surface Science and Quantum Mechanics A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, IRSEE VIII Symposium, Irsee, Germany, May 23 – 26, 2019.</p><p><br></p><p>Selective Catalytic Routes for Light Hydrocarbon Upgrading, 2019 Distinguished Researcher Award in Petroleum Chemistry, invited award seminar speaker, ACS ENFL Division National ACS Spring Meeting, Orlando, Florida, March 31 – April 4, 2019.</p><p><br></p><p>Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization: Status and Research Needs, Anne M. Gaffney, George Olah Award Symposium in Honor of Chunshan Song, invited speaker, ACS ENFL Division National ACS Spring Meeting, Orlando, Florida, March 31 – April 4, 2019.</p><p><br></p><p>Idaho National Laboratory's Advanced Manufacturing Initiative, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, North Carolina State University, December 11, 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, Washington D.C., December 10, 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>Catalysis Technology Network: A Smooth Path from R&D to Industrialization, A.M. Gaffney, invited lecturer for the CCNY Chemical Engineering Lecture Series, November 26, 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>Development and Evaluation of Oxidative Dehydrogenation Technology for Production of Light Olefins, Gennaro J. Maffia, A.M. Gaffney, Aaron Beinstein, oral presentation, October 30, 2018, AIChE Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA.</p><p><br></p><p>INL's Initiative on Decarbonizing our Energy Landscape, A.M. Gaffney, invited presenter at the Arthur M. Sackler Colloquia of the National Academy of Sciences, October 10, 2018, Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center, Irvine, CA.</p><p><br></p><p>Selective Oxidation of Alkanes: A Center Piece of Idaho National Laboratory's Catalysis Capabilities in Advanced Manufacturing, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker at the Grasselli Memorial Symposium, Center for Catalytic Science & Technology, University of Delaware, August 24, 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>A New Ethylene Technology using Carbon Dioxide as a Soft Oxidant, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, proceedings of the 256th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>Techno-Economics on the Conversion of Alkanes to Alkenes via Catalytic Selective Oxidation, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, proceedings of the 256th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>Energy and Economic Metrics for Evaluating Chemical Processing Technologies Associated with Oxidative Dehydrogenation – Ethylene Case Study, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, proceedings of the 2nd Natural Gas Utilization Workshop, August 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>Idaho National Laboratory's Advanced Design and Manufacturing Center, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, proceedings of the 255th ACS National Meeting, ENFL Distinguished Research Award Symposium in honor of Dr. Joe D. Allison, New Orleans, LA, March 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>Idaho National Laboratory's Advanced Manufacturing Initiative, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, North Carolina State University, December 11, 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting, Washington D.C., December 10, 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>Catalysis Technology Network: A Smooth Path from R&D to Industrialization, A.M. Gaffney, invited lecturer for the CCNY Chemical Engineering Lecture Series, November 26, 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>Development and Evaluation of Oxidative Dehydrogenation Technology for Production of Light Olefins, Gennaro J. Maffia, A.M. Gaffney, Aaron Beinstein, oral presentation, October 30, 2018, AIChE Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA.</p><p><br></p><p>INL's Initiative on Decarbonizing our Energy Landscape, A.M. Gaffney, invited presenter at the Arthur M. Sackler Colloquia of the National Academy of Sciences, October 10, 2018, Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center, Irvine, CA.</p><p><br></p><p>Selective Oxidation of Alkanes: A Center Piece of Idaho National Laboratory's Catalysis Capabilities in Advanced Manufacturing, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker at the Grasselli Memorial Symposium, Center for Catalytic Science & Technology, University of Delaware, August 24, 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>A New Ethylene Technology using Carbon Dioxide as a Soft Oxidant, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, proceedings of the 256th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>Techno-Economics on the Conversion of Alkanes to Alkenes via Catalytic Selective Oxidation, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, proceedings of the 256th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>Energy and Economic Metrics for Evaluating Chemical Processing Technologies Associated with Oxidative Dehydrogenation – Ethylene Case Study, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, proceedings of the 2nd Natural Gas Utilization Workshop, August 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>Idaho National Laboratory's Advanced Design and Manufacturing Center, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, proceedings of the 255th ACS National Meeting, ENFL Distinguished Research Award Symposium in honor of Dr. Joe D. Allison, New Orleans, LA, March 2018.</p><p><br></p><p>INL's Advanced Design and Manufacturing Center, A.M Gaffney, Keynote Speaker at the 2018 Organic Reactions Catalysis Society.</p><p><br></p><p>Invited Lecturer, A.M. Gaffney, Chemical Engineering Department, Oregon State University, December 4, 2017.</p><p><br></p><p>Shale Gas Utilization: Fundamental Science to Applied Technology, A.M Gaffney, invited speaker, Annual AIChE Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, October 31, 2017.</p><p><br></p><p>Invited Lecturer, A.M. Gaffney, ExxonMobil R&D Center, Clinton, NJ, October 16, 2017.</p><p><br></p><p>A Career's Perspective on Alkane and Alkene Selective Oxidation to High Value Products, A.M. Gaffney, invited plenary lecture, 8th World Congress on Oxidation Catalysis, Krakow, Poland, September 9, 2017.</p><p><br></p><p>Evaluation of processing of G2GI (gas to gasoline and intermediates) using ODH (oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane), A.M. Gaffney, invited key note speaker to the Energy & Fuel Science: Symposium in honor of Umit S. Ozkan, Washington D.C., the 254th ACS National Meeting, August 20, 2017.</p><p><br></p><p>Characterization of MoVTeNbOx Catalysts during Oxidation Reactions using In situ/Operando Techniques, invited speaker to the CATL: Emerging Catalytic Processes for Methane Conversion, Washington D.C the 254th ACS National Meeting, August 22, 2017.</p><p><br></p><p>A New Selective Propylene Epoxidation Process, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, Center for Rational Design of Catalyst Synthesis (CeRCaS), University of South Carolina, November 22, 2016.</p><p><br></p><p>A New Route to Nylon 12 Synthesis, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, Chemical Engineering Department, Auburn University, November 30, 2016.</p><p><br></p><p>Idaho National Laboratory's New Biomass Pretreatment Process using Low Quality Waste Woody Materials to Produce Biofuels, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker at the 252nd ACS National Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, August 21, 2016.</p><p><br></p><p>INL's Approach to Advanced Manufacturing, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker at the Chemical Engineering Department, BYU, April 6, 2016.</p><p><br></p><p>A New Oxidative Dehydrogenation Process, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker at the 2015 Spring National American Chemical Society Meeting.</p><p><br></p><p>Advances in M1 Catalysis, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker at the VII IRSEE Symposium, Munich, Germany.</p><p><br></p><p>Houdry Award Address, A.M. Gaffney, award winner at the 2015 North American Catalysis Society Meeting.</p><p><br></p><p>INL's Approach to Advanced Manufacturing, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker at the Fall 2015 National American Institute of Chemical Engineering Meeting.</p><p><br></p><p>INL's Advancements in Process Science and Technology, A.M. Gaffney, invited Key Note Speaker at the Fall 2015, 65th Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference, Calgary, Canada.</p><p><br></p><p>The New ChemPren Process for the Conversion of Waste Plastic to Chemicals and Fuels, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, 2014 Organic Reaction Chemical Society Meeting, Tucson, Arizona, March 3-6, 2014.</p><p><br></p><p>Commercially Relevant Oxidative Dehydrogenation Route to Ethylene A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, 7th World Congress on Oxidation Catalysis, June 12, 2013.</p><p><br></p><p>Mechanistic Insights into Industrial Chemical Processes, Award Address, A.M. Gaffney, invited speaker, ACS Award in Industrial Chemistry, 245th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA, April 7-11, 2013.</p><p><br></p><p>Further Advances in Optimization of the ChemPren process for the Conversion of Waste Plastic to Basic Chemicals and Fuel, A.M. Gaffney, Rebecca Fushimi, and C. Andrew Jones, 245th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA, April 7-11, 2013.</p><p><br></p><p>New molecular basket sorbent for CO2 capture based on TUD-1, Xiaoxing Wang, Chunshan Song, A.M. Gaffney,and Roger Song, 245th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, LA, April 7-11, 2013.</p><p><br></p><p>New Technological, Oxidative Dehydrogeneation Route to Ethylene, A.M. Gaffney (invited speaker); the Catalysis Club of Philadelphia, February 21, 2013 Meeting.</p><p><br></p><p>Newest Evolution of the Temporal Analysis of Products Reactor System: TAP-3E Combining Catalyst Synthesis with Kinetic Characterization, A.M. Gaffney (invited author), John Gleaves, and Rebecca Fushimi, The Langmuir Research Institute in Catalysis for Energy, Invited speaker of the Symposium in Honor of Umit Ozkan: Energy and Fuels Distinguished Researcher, 244th ACS National Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, August 23, 2012.</p><p><br></p><p>Linking Macro-and Molecular- Scale Catalytic Processes, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited speaker, delivered at the Center for Environmentally Beneficial Catalysis (CEBC), The University of Kansas, December 1, 2011.</p><p><br></p><p>Atomic beam preparation of Pd/SiO2 catalysts: Surprising structural features from kinetic data using TAP, A. M. Gaffney, R. Fushimi, J. Gleaves, G. Yablonsky, The Langmuir Research Institute in Catalysis for Energy, presented at the Division of Petroleum Chemistry Sympoium, 241st National Meeting, March 27-31, 2011, Anaheim, CA.</p><p><br></p><p>ChemPren, a New Technology for the Conversion of Waste Plastic to Basic Chemicals and Fuel, Andrew C. Jones, Rebecca Fushimi and Anne M. Gaffney (invited presenter), The Langmuir Research Institute in Catalysis for Energy and the Environment, ACS Award for Creative Invention: Symposium honoring Jeffrey Bricker, PETR Division of ACS, 241st National Meeting, March 27-31, 2011, Anaheim, CA.</p><p><br></p><p>Advancements of the Catalytic Solarthermal Transport-Bed Reactor via the TAP-3S System, A. M. Gaffney, R. Fushimi, J. Gleaves, G. Yablonsky, The Langmuir Research Institute in Catalysis for Energy and the Environment, Proceedings of the 14th Meeting of the North East Corridor Zeolite Association, University of Pennsylvania, December 10, 2010.</p><p><br></p><p>Recent trends in the ACS salary survey data for non-tenure track faculty, Anne M. Gaffney, The Langmuir Research Institute in Catalysis for Energy and the Environment, 240th ACS National Meeting, August 22- 26, 2010.</p><p><br></p><p>A New Catalyst Design Methodology: Integrated Atomic-level Modification and Intrinsic Kinetic Characterization, Anne M. Gaffney, The Langmuir Research Institute in Catalysis for Energy and the Environment, Invited Speaker, 38th Annual Conference of the North American Thermal Analysis Society, August 15– 18, 2010.</p><p><br></p><p>Development of Catalysts and Transport-bed Solar Reactor for conversion of carbon dioxide and methane to syngas, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited Speaker, Catalysis Gordon Research Conference, June 27 – July 2, 2010, New London, NH.</p><p><br></p><p>DrySyn In-situ Zeolite Synthesis Technique and Catalytic Applications, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited Speaker, Inorganic Chemistry Gordon Research Conference, June 20 – 25, 2010, Biddeford, ME.</p><p><br></p><p>The critical role of catalysis in technology development, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited Speaker, Department of Chemistry, Villanova University, September 14, 2009.</p><p><br></p><p>Surface modification of cordierite oriented toward the synthesis of a catalyst for a transesterification reaction, A. M. Gaffney, oral presentation at the 6th World Congress on Oxidation Catalysis, July 6-10, 2009, Lille, France.</p><p><br></p><p>Novel In-situ Zeolite Synthesis Technique, Anne M. Gaffney, 21st North American Catalysis Society Meeting, June 11, 2009, San Francisco, CA.</p><p><br></p><p>TUD-1: Catalytic conversion of biomass to syngas, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited Speaker, University of Minnesota, Chemical Engineering Department, Hosted by Professor Lanny Schmidt, December 2, 2008.</p><p><br></p><p>Needle in a haystack catalysis – an experimental study using temporal analysis of products (TAP), Anne M. Gaffney, Zheng, Xiaolin; Gleaves, John T., Yablonsky, Gregory S.; Brownscombe, Thomas; presented at the AIChE 2008 Fall National Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, Nov. 16-21, 2009, 854/1-854/7.</p><p><br></p><p>TUD-1: Advanced Catalytic Materials for the Refining and Petrochemical Industry, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited Speaker, ACS Symposium in honor of the centennial of the Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Division of the ACS, ACS 236th National Meeting in Philadelphia, August 18, 2008.</p><p><br></p><p>High Performance Zeolite Beta for Aromatic Alkylation, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited speaker, the Industrial Session of the 14th International Catalysis Congress, Seoul, Korea, July 15, 2008.</p><p><br></p><p>TUD-1: A generalized mesoporous catalyst family for industrial applications, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited speaker, ACS Petroleum Chemistry Session on Zeolite Catalysis for Green Chemistry in Synthesis of Chemicals and Fuels, ACS 235th National Meeting in New Orleans, April 7, 2008.</p><p><br></p><p>Applications of TUD-1 in the Petrochemicals Industry, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited speaker at the 22nd Conference of the Organic Reactions Catalysis Society in Richmond, VA, March 31, 2008.</p><p><br></p><p>AlkyStar Catalyst Family for AlkyClean Solid Acid Alkylation, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited speaker at the Pittsburgh-Cleveland Catalysis Society Fall Meeting, December 12, 2007.</p><p><br></p><p>TUD-1, a New Mesoporous Material with Broad Catalytic Applications, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited speaker at the U. of Mass., Chemical Engineering Department, October 30, 2007.</p><p><br></p><p>Bimetallic Catalysts for AlkyClean Solid Acid Alkylation, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited speaker at the New England Catalysis Society Fall Meeting, October 30, 2007.</p><p><br></p><p>TUD-1: Advanced Catalytic Materials for the Refining and Petrochemical Industry, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited speaker at the Symposium on Catalysis – Art to Science, in honor of Julian Ross, University of Limerick, Republic of Ireland, September 3, 2007.</p><p><br></p><p>High Throughput Catalysts: Non-Steady-State Catalytic Activity Characteristics using TAP Studies, Anne M. Gaffney, Gregory Yablonsky, John T. Gleaves, Sergiy Shekhtman, and Rebecca Fushimi, oral presentation at the 20th North American Catalysis Society Meeting, June 17-22, 2007, Houston, Texas.</p><p><br></p><p>Green Technology for Olefin/Paraffin Alkylation, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited speaker at the III International Conference on Catalysis: Fundamentals and Application dedicated to the 100th Anniversary of Academician, Georgii K. Boreskov, Novosibirsk Scientific Center, Russia, July 4-8, 2007.</p><p><br></p><p>Zeolites to Maximize FCC Olefins: Technology, Licensing and Commercialization, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited speaker at Penn. State University, Department of Chemical Engineering, April 25, 2007.</p><p><br></p><p>Energy: From Molecular Transformations to Systems, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the Annual Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory Review, Washington University, October 25, 2006.</p><p><br></p><p>Development of a Solid Acid Catalyst Alkylation Process – AlkyClean Solid Acid Alkylation, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the Dow/Union Carbide Reaction Engineering and Catalysis Seminar Series, National Research Center for Coal and Energy (NRCCE), October 6, 2006.</p><p><br></p><p>AlkyClean, a Green Technology for Gasoline Alkylate, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the Center for Environmentally Beneficial Catalysis, University of Kansas in Lawrence, April 27, 2006.</p><p><br></p><p>Probe Molecule Chemisorption – Low Energy Ion Scattering Study of Surface Active Sites Present in the Orthorhombic Mo-V-(Te-Nb)-O Catalysts for Propane (Amm)oxidation, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at NIST, October 3, 2005.</p><p><br></p><p>Effect of Surface Promoters (Te, Nb and Sb) on Propane Oxidation to Acrylic Acid over Model Bulk Mixed Mo-V-O Catalysts, Anne M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at PNNL, September 26, 2005.</p><p><br></p><p>Millisecond Oxidation of Alkanes, oral paper at the AIChE 2005 Spring Meeting, Anne M. Gaffney, A. Benderly, and N. Chadda.</p><p><br></p><p>A Study of the Surface Region of the Mo-V-Te-O Catalysts for Propane Oxidation to Acrylic Acid, oral paper at the 19th North American Catalysis Society Meeting, V.V. Guliants, H.H. Brongersma, A.M. Gaffney, S. Han, May, 2005.</p><p><br></p><p>Selective Oxidation Catalysis on Multiple Length Scales: Surface, Nanoparticles and Bulk Oxides for Propane Oxidation to Acrylic Acid, oral paper at the 19th North American Catalysis Society Meeting, V.V. Guliants, H.H. Brongersma, A.M. Gaffney, S. Han, May, 2005.</p><p><br></p><p>Kinetic studies and phase transformations of model Mo-V-Te-O catalysts, Anne Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the University of Massachusetts, September 23, 2004.</p><p><br></p><p>TAP-SPAN Synthesis: A novel synthesis method for promoted mixed metal oxides, Anne Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the New England Catalysis Society Meeting, September 22, 2004.</p><p><br></p><p>Promoted Mo-V-O catalysts for propane oxidation to acrylic acid, Anne Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the US – Netherlands Catalysis Conference, August 19, 2004.</p><p><br></p><p>Syngas Production at the Millisecond Contact Time: Catalytic Partial Oxidation of Methane, Anne Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research, May 14, 2004.</p><p><br></p><p>Overview of Mo-V-Te-Nb-O and related catalysts for propane oxidation to acrylic acid, Anne Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the University of Connecticut, April 20, 2004.</p><p><br></p><p>Model Mo-V-Te-O catalysts for propane oxidation to acrylic acid: new fundamental insights from studies of surface active sites, Anne Gaffney, Scott Han, Vadim Guliants, and H. H. Brongersma, Invited lecturer at the ACS Symposium on Advances in the Catalysis of the Selective Oxidation of Hydrocarbons, at the 227th ACS National Meeting, March 28 – April 1, 2004.</p><p><br></p><p>TAP Studies of Propane to Acrylic Acid Oxidation over Multi-Component Metal Oxide Catalyst under Normal and Vacuum Conditions, Rebecca Fushimi, Sergiy O. Shekhtman, Anne Gaffney, Gregory S. Yblonsky, and John T. Gleaves, Oral paper at the 18 NACS Meeting, June 2003.</p><p><br></p><p>The Role of Promoters in the Epoxidation of Propylene over Supported Silver Catalysts, A.M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the Symposium on Recent Advances in Epoxidation Catalysis, Sponsored by the Center for Catalysis and The Industry University Cooperative Chemistry Program, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas (May 2003).</p><p><br></p><p>TAP Reactor Studies of Hydrocarbon Oxidation, A.M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the Catalysis Society of Metropolitan New York (Januaray 2003).</p><p><br></p><p>PVD Synthesis, Characterization and Evaluation of Mixed Metal Oxide Catalysts on Supported 3-D Materials for the Selective Oxidation of Propane to Acrylic Acid, A. M. Gaffney, J. Chen, S. Chatuverdi, and M. Clark, Catalysis Gordon Conference (July 2002).</p><p><br></p><p>High Throughput Synthesis of Mixed Metal Oxide Catalysts for the Selective Oxidation of Propane to Acrylic Acid, A. M. Gaffney, R. Song, and D. Le, Catalysis Gordon Conference (July 2002).</p><p><br></p><p>Ni-Rh Alloy Catalysts for the Conversion of Methane to Syngas, A.M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the 4th World Congress on Oxidation Catalysis, Berlin, Germany, (September, 2001)</p><p><br></p><p>Mg1-x-yNixMnyO Catalysts for the Conversion of Methane to Syngas, A.M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the 17th North American Catalysis Society Meeting (June, 2001).</p><p><br></p><p>Selective Oxidation of Propane to Acrylic Acid over Novel Mixed Metal Oxide Catalysts, A.M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at Dalian Institute, China (May, 2000).</p><p><br></p><p>Primary and Secondary Catalyst Evaluation for Selective Oxidation of Alkanes, A.M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at Nanjing University, China (May, 2000).</p><p><br></p><p>New Catalytic Materials for the Production of Syngas at the Millisecond Contact Time, A.M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the Philadelphia Catalysis Society (2000).</p><p><br></p><p>High Throughput Screening Applied to Selective Oxidation, A. M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the 74th Colloid and Surface Science Symposium - Colloid 2000, June 19-21, 2000.</p><p><br></p><p>The Role of Promoters in the Selective Oxidation of Propylene, A. M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at the Annual Pittsburgh-Cleveland Catalysis Society Meeting (1999).</p><p><br></p><p>New Direct Routes to Propylene Oxide, A.M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at Univ. of Minnesota (1999).</p><p><br></p><p>Selective Oxidation of Propylene to Propylene Oxide, A.M. Gaffney, Invited lecturer at Penn. State University (1999).</p><p><br></p><p>New Direct Propylene Oxide Technology Using Promoted Ag Catalysts; A.M. Gaffney; A.C.S. Spring National Meeting (1999). Invited lecturer for the Industrial Chemistry Division of ACS.</p><p><br></p><p>Potential Expansion of Cleaner Burning Gasolines; A.M. Gaffney, W.J. Piel; A.C.S. Spring National Meeting (1998).</p><p><br></p><p>Invited lecturer at ACS MARM, Lafayette College, PCCS Meeting, Penn. State, Seton Hall, and SRI (1995 - 1997).</p><p><br></p><p>ARCO's Superflex Process for Light Olefin Production; A.M. Gaffney; SRI Catalysis Studies Program Seminar (1997); Catalysis Club of Philadelphia Spring Symposium (1997).</p><p><br></p><p>Direct Oxidation of Propylene over Carbogenic Catalytic Materials; L-C Kao, J. Goellner, H.C. Foley, and A.M. Gaffney; A.C.S. National Meeting, (1996); A.C.S. MARM Meeting (1996); Pittsburgh - Cleveland Catalysis Society (1996); Penn. State Chem. Eng Dept. Seminar Series (1996).</p><p><br></p><p>Light Olefin Production, Skeletal Olefin Isomerization and Etherification for Oxygenated Fuel Production, A. M. Gaffney, A.C.S. National Meeting; August (1994).</p><p><br></p><p>Catalytic Cracking of Waste Plastics, Polyurethanes, Polyols and Thermosets; A. M. Gaffney and C. A. Jones; 1994 Spring Symposium of the Catalysis Club of Philadelphia.</p><p><br></p><p>Hydroformylation of Allyl Alcohol with Wilkinson's Catalyst; A. M. Gaffney, L. U. Gron, M. E. London and H. C. Foley; The 15th Conference on Catalysis of Organic Reactions (1994).</p><p><br></p><p>Catalytic Cracking of Waste Plastics; A. M Gaffney and C. A. Jones; The First U.S.-Russian Workshop in Catalysis (1994).</p><p><br></p><p>Mechanistic Study of Wilkinson's Rh Hydroformylation Catalyst; L. U. Gron, A. M. Gaffney, M. E. London and H. C. Foley; ACS National Meeting; August (1993).</p><p><br></p><p>Methane: Fuel or Feedstock; A. M. Gaffney and J. A. Sofranko; The Natural Gas Conversion Symposium; Sydney, Australia; July (1993).</p><p><br></p><p>Catalytic Cracking and Skeletal Isomerization to Iso-olefins; A. M. Gaffney; Tri-State Catalysis Society Meeting (1992).</p><p><br></p><p>Catalytic Conversion of Refinery Streams with Oxygenated Fuels Production; G. Cozzone, A. M. Gaffney, and J. A. Sofranko; Pacific Rim Gordon Conference (1992).</p><p><br></p><p>Selective Oxidation of Propylene to Propylene Glycol in Supercritical Media; A. M. Gaffney; 204th ACS National Meeting (1992).</p><p><br></p><p>Propylene Oxide to Butanediol; A. M. Gaffney, The Florida Catalysis Conference, (1992).</p><p><br></p><p>Preparation, Characterization and Catalysis of a Modified ZSM-5 Zeolite; A. M. Gaffney, C. A. Jones, J. A. Sofranko, C. Tsaio and C. Dybowski; 202nd ACS National Meeting (1991).</p><p><br></p><p>Superflex Catalytic Cracking to Lower Olefins; A. M. Gaffney, 12th North American Catalysis Society Meeting (1991) Poster.</p><p><br></p><p>Natural Gas to Gasoline: The ARCO GTG Process; A. M. Gaffney; The Spring Symposiums of the Philadelphia Catalysis Society and the Catalysis Society of Metropolitan New York (1991).</p><p><br></p><p>Halide Promoters for the Oxidative Coupling of Methane to Higher Hydrocarbons; A. M. Gaffney; The Florida Catalysis Conference (1990).</p><p><br></p><p>Methane Conversion; A. M. Gaffney, Invited Lecturer at the Universities of Delaware, Florida and Pennsylvania (1989, 1990).</p><p><br></p><p>Oxidative Coupling of Methane over Sodium Promoted Praseodymium Oxide; A. M. Gaffney, C. A. Jones, and J. A. Sofranko, 196th A.C.S. National Meeting (1988).</p><p><br></p><p>Catalytic Oxidative Coupling of Methane over Sodium Promoted Manganese Oxide on Silica and Alumina, A. M. Gaffney, Catalysis Gordon Conference (1987).</p><p><br></p><p>Methane Conversion in both the Redox and Cofeed Modes, A. M. Gaffney, 62nd Colloid and Surface Science Symposium (1988).</p><p><br></p><p>A Review of ARCO's GTG Process; A. M. Gaffney, European Methane Workshop (1988).</p><p>Oxidative Coupling of Methane over Lanthanide Oxides; A. M. Gaffney; Tri-State Catalysis Society Meeting (1987).</p><p><br></p><p>Methane Conversion; A. M. Gaffney, C. A. Jones, J. J. Leonard, J. A. Sofranko, and H. P. Withers; 10th North American Catalysis Society Meeting (1987).</p><p><br></p><p>Heterogeneous Catalysts for Alcohol Oxycarbonylation to Dialkyl Oxalates; A. M. Gaffney, J. J. Leonard, J. A. Sofranko, and H. N. Sun; 193rd ACS National Meeting (1987).</p><p><br></p><p>Oxidative Carbonylation of Alcohols to Dialkyl Oxalates; A. M Gaffney, J. J. Leonard, J. A. Sofranko, and H.N. Sun; Spring Symposium of the Catalysis Club of Philadelphia (1984). ​<br></p></div></div><div class="ExternalClass35C6270FB13249E48C8739C162AFB4A0"><p>2019 ACS Energy & Fuels Distinguished Researcher Award in Petroleum Chemistry</p><p>Elected as Director to AIChE 2016</p><p>Eugene J. Houdry Award of the North American Catalysis Society, 2015</p><p>Chemical Heritage Foundation, Women in Science Inductee, 2014</p><p>University of Delaware, Wall of Fame Inductee, 2014</p><p>Elected Chair of the World Congress on Oxidation Catalysis, 2013 - 2017</p><p>Service & Leadership Award, 7th World Congress on Oxidation Catalysis, 2013</p><p>ACS Industrial Chemistry Award, 2013</p><p>Honorary Committee for the 100th Anniversary of Girl Scouting, 2012</p><p>Industrial Colloquium Series Distinguished Lecturer Award, "An Introduction to Specialty Materials", Center for Environmentally Beneficial Catalysis, CEBC, The University of Kansas, 2011 </p><p>Mount Holyoke College Alumnae Achievement Award, 2011</p><p>ACS Fellow, 2010</p><p>ACS Distinguished Service Award, Division of Petroleum Chemistry, 2010</p><p>ACS Award for Affordable Green Chemistry, 2009</p><p>Appointed of the National Academies, Advisor to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine, Review of Basic Energy Sciences Catalysis Programs, January, 2008</p><p>Recipient of the Tribute to Women and Industry Award, sponsored by YWCA, honoring women and corporations in New Jersey, March, 2007</p><p>Recipient of the DOW/Union Carbide Reaction Engineering and Catalysis Seminar Series Award, 2006</p><p>Recipient of the ACS Catalysis Secretariat Award, 2003</p><p>Recipient of the ACS Petroleum Chemistry Award, 2002</p></div>anne.gaffney@inl.gov

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