Profile Picture

Bin Li

Senior staff engineer/scientist

Research Areas:
Energy Storage Technology


Dr. Bin Li is a senior staff engineer/scientist in the directorate of Energy and Environmental Science & Technology at Idaho National Laboratory, leading the research thrusts in the area of transportation and stationary energy storage technologies, spanning from discovering new materials and developing novel technologies for lithium ion and Li metal batteries, redox flow batteries and zinc ion battery to understanding failure modes for batteries impact life and performance. He serves as the technical lead on energy storage R&D at INL and Principle Investigator for multi-projects awarded by DOE. Prior to joining INL, he was a senior scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Dr. Li received his Ph.D. in material science & engineering from Tsinghua University. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (2010-2011). Dr. Li has published more than 50 peer-reviewed journal papers (Google H-index:34) and filed 10 US patents (issued and pending, one of them was licensed by industries) in the area of energy storage and conversion research area. Dr. Li is also interested in and good at H2/NH3 generation through electrochemical methods, fuel cells, electrolyzers and electrochemical catalysts as well as technology transfer.


Ph.D., Materials Science and Engineering – Tsinghua University

B.S., Materials Science and Engineering – University of Science and Technology


Electrochemical Society
American Chemical Society

Materials Research Society
Active Reviewer for ACS, Elsevier, Wiley and NPG journals
Proposal reviewer for DOE offices
Active conference/symposium invited speaker, organizer and chair in the area of energy storage for several professional organizations including MRS, ECS, and ACS.

Invited Media Interview on the development direction of flow batteries in Annual Next-Generation Energy Storage


Pan H, B Li*, Z Nie, D Mei, M Vijayakumar, G Li, V Sprenkle, J Liu. 2017. "Controlling Solid-Liquid Conversion Reactions for Highly Reversible Aqueous Zinc-iodine Battery." ACS Energy Letters 2:2674-2680 

Li B, Z Nie, M Vijayakumar, G Li, J Liu, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang.  2015. "Ambipolar zinc-polyiodide electrolyte for a high-energy density aqueous redox flow battery." Nature Communications 6: Article No. 6303.   

Li B* and J Liu. 2017. " Progresses and directions in low-cost redox flow batteries for large-scale energy storage." National Science Review 4 (1): 91 (Invited) 

Li B*, J Liu, Z Nie, W Wang, DM Reed, J Liu, BP McGrail, and VL Sprenkle. 2016. "Metal-organic frameworks as highly active electrocatalysts for high-energy density, aqueous zinc-polyiodide redox flow batteries." Nano Letters 16(7):4335-4340 

Li B, M Gu, Z Nie, X Wei, CM Wang, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2014. "Nanorod Niobium Oxide as Powerful Catalysts for an All Vanadium Redox Flow Battery ." Nano Letters 14(1):158-165. 

Li B, Q Luo, X Wei, Z Nie, EC Thomsen, B Chen, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2014. "Capacity Decay Mechanism of Microporous Separator-Based All-Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries and its Recovery." ChemSusChem 7(2):577-584. 

Li B, J Zhang, TC Kaspar, V Shutthanandan, RC Ewing, and J Lian. 2013. "Multilayered YSZ/GZO films with greatly enhanced ionic conduction for low temperature solid oxide fuel cells." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 15(4):1296-1301. 

Li B, M Gu, Z Nie, Y Shao, Q Luo, X Wei, X Li, J Xiao, CM Wang, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2013. "Bismuth Nanoparticle Decorating Graphite Felt as a High-Performance Electrode for an All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery." Nano Letters 13(3):1330-1335. 

Reed DM, EC Thomsen, B Li*, W Wang, Z Nie, BJ Koeppel, and VL Sprenkle. 2016. "Performance of a Low Cost Interdigitated Flow Design on a 1 kW Class All Vanadium Mixed Acid Redox Flow Battery." Journal of Power Sources 306:24-31. 

Reed DM, EC Thomsen, B Li*, W Wang, Z Nie, BJ Koeppel, JP Kizewski, and VL Sprenkle. 2016. "Stack Developments in a kW class all vanadium mixed acid redox flow battery at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 163(1):A5211-A5219. 

Estevez L, DM Reed, Z Nie, AM Schwarz, MI Nandasiri, JP Kizewski, W Wang, EC Thomsen, J Liu, J Zhang, VL Sprenkle, and B Li*. 2016. " Tunable oxygen functional groups as electro-catalysts on graphite felt surfaces for all vanadium flow batteries. "ChemSusChem  9(12):1455-1461. 

Wei X, B Li*, and W Wang. 2015. "Porous Polymeric Composite Separators for Redox Flow Batteries." Polymer Reviews 55(2):247-272. (Invited) 

Li B, L Li, W Wang, Z Nie, B Chen, X Wei, Q Luo, Z Yang, and VL Sprenkle. 2013. "Fe/V Redox Flow Battery Electrolyte Investigation and Optimization." Journal of Power Sources 229:1-5. 

Li B, X Wei, W Pan. 2008. " Electrical properties of Mg-doped Gd0.1Ce0.9O1.95 under different sintering conditions. " Journal of Power Sources 183 (2):498-505.  

Li B, X Wei, W Pan. 2009. "Synthesis of doped ceria-zirconia core-shell nanocomposites via sol-gel process. " Journal of Power Sources 193 (2):598-601.  

Li B, YY Liu, Wei X, W Pan. 2010. "Electrical properties of ceria co-doped with Sm3+ and Nd3+."Journal of Power Sources 195 (4):969-976.  

Li B, W Liu, W Pan. 2010. "Synthesis and electrical properties of apatite-type La10Si6O27." Journal of Power Sources 195 (8): 2196-2201.  

Li B, X Wei, W Pan. 2010. "Improved electrical conductivity of Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 and Ce0.9Sm0.1O1.95 by co-doping." Int. J. Hydrogen Energ. 35: 3018–3022. 

Duan, W, J Huang, JA Kowalski, IA Shkrob, M Vijayakumar, E Walter, B Pan, Z Yang, Milshtein JD, B Li, C Liao. 2017. "Wine-Dark Sea" in an Organic Flow Battery: Storing Negative Charge in 2, 1, 3-Benzothiadiazole Radicals Leads to Improved Cyclability." ACS Energy Letters 2 (5):1156-1161. 

Cheng Y, L Luo, L Zhong, J Chen, B Li, W Wang, SX Mao, CM Wang, VL Sprenkle, G Li, and J Liu. 2016. "Highly Reversible Zinc-ion Intercalation with Chevrel Phase Mo6S8 Nanocubes and Applications for Advanced Zinc-ion Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8(22):13673-13677. 

Vijayakumar M, Q Luo, RB Lloyd, Z Nie, X Wei, B Li, VL Sprenkle, JD Londono, M Unlu, and W Wang. 2016. "Tuning the perfluorosulfonic acid membrane morphology for vanadium redox flow batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8(50):34327-34334. 

Wei X, W Duan, J Huang, L Zhang, B Li, DM Reed, W Xu, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2016. "A High-Current, Stable Nonaqueous Organic Redox Flow Battery." ACS Energy Letters 1(4):705-711. 

Shao Y, Y Cheng, W Duan, W Wang, B Li, Y Lin, Y Wang, and J Liu. 2015.  "Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cells and Redox Flow Batteries: A Selected Review." ACS Catalysis 5(12): 7288-7298. (Invited) 

Reed DM, EC Thomsen, W Wang, Z Nie, B Li, X Wei, BJ Koeppel, and VL Sprenkle. 2015. "Performance of Nafion -N115, Nafion-NR-212, and Nafion-NR-211 in a 1 kW Class All Vanadium Mixed Acid Redox Flow Battery." Journal of Power Sources 285:425-430. 

Wei X, G Xia, BW Kirby, EC Thomsen, B Li, Z Nie, GL Graff, J Liu, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2015. "An Aqueous Redox Flow Battery Based on Neutral Alkali Metal Ferri/ferrocyanide and Polysulfide Electrolytes." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 163(1):A5150-A5153. 

Crawford AJ, VV Viswanathan, DE Stephenson, W Wang, EC Thomsen, DM Reed, B Li, PJ Balducci, MCW Kintner-Meyer, and VL Sprenkle. 2015. "Comparative analysis for various redox flow batteries chemistries using a cost performance model." Journal of Power Sources 293:388-399. 

Vijayakumar M, N Govind, B Li, X Wei, Z Nie, S Thevuthasan, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2015. "Aqua-vanadyl ion interaction with Nafion membranes." Frontiers in Energy Research 3:Article No. 10. 

Wei X, W Xu, J Huang, L Zhang, ED Walter, CW Lawrence, M Vijayakumar, WA Henderson, TL Liu, L Cosimbescu, B Li, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2015. "Radical Compatibility with Nonaqueous Electrolytes and Its Impact on an All-Organic Redox Flow Battery." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 127(30):8808-8811. 

Viswanathan VV, AJ Crawford, DE Stephenson, S Kim, W Wang, B Li, GW Coffey, EC Thomsen, GL Graff, PJ Balducci, MCW Kintner-Meyer, and VL Sprenkle. 2014. "Cost and Performance Model for Redox Flow Batteries." Journal of Power Sources 247:1040-1051. 

Wei X, Q Luo, B Li, Z Nie, E Miller, J Chambers, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2013. "Performance Evaluation of Microporous Separator in Fe/V Redox Flow Battery." ECS Transactions 45(26):17-24. 

Wei X, Z Nie, Q Luo, B Li, B Chen, KL Simmons, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang.  2013.  "Nanoporous Polytetrafluoroethylene/Silica Composite Separator as a High-Performance All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Membrane." Advanced Energy Materials 3(9):1215-1220. 

Wei X, Z Nie, Q Luo, B Li, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang.  2013. "Polyvinyl Chloride/Silica Nanoporous Composite Separator for All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Applications." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 160(8):A1215 - A1218. 

Luo Q, L Li, W Wang, Z Nie, X Wei, B Li, B Chen, Z Yang, and VL Sprenkle. 2013. "Capacity Decay and Remediation of Nafion-based All-Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." ChemSusChem 6(2):268-274. 

Wang W, Q Luo, B Li, X Wei, L Li, and Z Yang. 2013. "Recent Progress in Redox Flow Battery Research and Development." Advanced Functional Materials 23(8):970-986.(invited

Wei X, L Li, Q Luo, Z Nie, W Wang, B Li, G Xia, E Miller, J Chambers, and Z Yang. 2012. "Microporous Separators for Fe/V Redox Flow Batteries." Journal of Power Sources 218(1):39-45. 

Luo Q, L Li, Z Nie, W Wang, X Wei, B Li, B Chen, and Z Yang. 2012. "In-situ Investigation of Vanadium Ion Transport in Redox Flow Battery." Journal of Power Sources 218(1):15-20. 

Liu YY, B Li, X Wei, W Pan. 2008. "Citric-nitrate combustion synthesis and electrical conductivity of the Sm3+ and Nd3+ co-doped ceria electrolyte." J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91 (12):3926-3930.  

Liu W, B Li, HQ Liu, W Pan. 2011. "Electrical conductivity of textured Sm3+ and Nd3+ Co-doped CeO2 thin-film electrolyte." Electrochimica Acta:3334-3337.  

Liu W, B Li, HQ Liu, W Pan. 2011. "Fabrication of Sm3+ and Nd3+ co-doped CeOthin-film electrolytes by radio frequency magnetron sputtering." Electrochimica Acta 56:8329-8333. 

Wei X, W Pan, LF Cheng, B Li. 2009. "Atomistic calculation of association energy in doped ceria." Solid State Ionics 180 (1):13-17.  

Liu W, YY Liu, B Li , W Pan. 2010. "Ceria (Sm3+, Nd3+)/carbonates composite electrolytes with high electrical conductivity at low temperature." Comp. Sci. & Tech . 70:181-185.  

Li HP, W Zhang, B Li, W Pan. 2010. "Diameter dependent Photocatalytic Activity of Electrospun TiO2 Nanofiber." J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93:2503-2506.

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