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Researcher

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Richard Williamson, Ph.D.

Mechanical Engineer

Research Areas:

Biography:
Dr. Richard L. Williamson is a Laboratory Fellow at Idaho National Laboratory. With a career spanning over 40 years at INL, Rich has extensive experience in many key areas of computational methods research and model development, including nonlinear thermo-mechanics, fracture mechanics, shock wave and detonation, and thermal plasma spray. From 2009 to 2016, Rich lead the team developing BISON, INL’s state-of-the-art nuclear fuel performance code, which is currently in use at numerous national and international laboratories, at roughly twenty universities, with growing acceptance in industry. He is currently Technical Lead of the Fuels Area within the DOE-NE Nuclear Energy Modeling and Simulation program. He is the author or co-author of approximately 180 scientific publications, including over 50 peer-reviewed journal articles while there are several thousand citations to his work. Rich was given the INL Laboratory Director's Award for Exceptional Scientific Achievement in 2014.

Education:
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering - University of Idaho
M.S., Mechanical Engineering - Brigham Young University
B.S., Mechanical Engineering - Brigham Young University
Publications:

JOURNAL ARTICLES

P. Van Uffelen, J. Hales, W. Li, G. Rossiter, R. Williamson, "A Review of Fuel Performance Modeling," Journal of Nuclear Materials516, 373 (2019)

S. Stimpson, J. Powers, K. Clarno, R. Pawlowski, R. Gardner, S. Novascone, K. Gamble, R. Williamson, "Pellet-clad mechanical interaction screening using VERA applied to Watts Bar Unit 1, Cycles 1–3," Nuclear Engineering and Design327, 172 (2018)

T. Barani, E. Bruschi, D. Pizzocri, G. Pastore, P. Van Uffelen, R. L. Williamson, L. Luzzi, "Analysis of Transient Fission Gas Behaviour in Oxide Fuel Using BISON and TRANSURANUS," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 486, 96 (2017)

M. R. Tonks, D. Andersson, S. R. Phillpot, Y. Zhang, R. L. Williamson, C. R. Stanek, B. P Uberuaga, S. L. Hayes, "Mechanistic Materials Modeling for Nuclear Fuel Performance," Annals of Nuclear Energy105, 11 (2017)

R. L. Williamson, N. A. Capps, W. Liu, Y. R. Rashid, B. D. Wirth, "Multi-Dimensional Simulation of LWR Fuel Behavior in the BISON Fuel Performance Code," Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society68, 2930 (2016)

B. W. Spencer, R. L. Williamson, D. S. Stafford, S. R. Novascone, J. D. Hales, G. Pastore, "3D Modeling of Missing Pellet Surface Defects in BWR Fuel," Nuclear Engineering and Design307, 155 (2016)

R. L. Williamson, K. A. Gamble, D. M. Perez, S. R. Novascone, G. Pastore, R. J. Gardner, J. D. Hales, W. Liu, A. Mai, "Validating the BISON Fuel Performance Code to Integral LWR Experiments," Nuclear Engineering and Design, 301, 232 (2016)

M. R. Tonks, X. Liu, D.  A. Andersson, D. M. Perez, A. Chernatynskiy, G. Pastore, C. R. Stanek, R. L. Williamson, "Development of a Multiscale Thermal Conductivity Model for Fission Gas in UO2," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 469, 89 (2016)

S. R. Novascone, B. W. Spencer, J. D. Hales and R. L. Williamson, "Evaluation of Coupling Approaches for Thermomechanical Simulations," Nuclear Engineering and Design, 295, 910 (2015)

J. D. Hales, M. R. Tonks, F. N. Gleicher, B. W. Spencer. S. R. Novascone, R. L. Williamson, G. Pastore and D. M. Perez, "Advanced Multiphysics Coupling for LWR Fuel Performance Analysis," Annals of Nuclear Energy84, 98 (2015)

J. D. Hales, M. R. Tonks, K. Chockalingam, D. M. Perez, S. R. Novascone, B. W. Spencer, R. L. Williamson, "Asymptotic Expansion Homogenization for Multiscale Nuclear Fuel Analysis," Computational Materials Science99, 290 (2015) 

G. Pastore, L. P. Swiler, J. D. Hales, S. R. Novascone, D. M. Perez, B. W. Spencer, L. Luzzi, P. Van Uffelen, R. L. Williamson, "Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis of Fission Gas Behavior in Engineering-Scale Fuel Modeling," Journal of Nuclear Materials456, 398 (2015)

D. A. Andersson, X.-Y. Liu, G. Pastore, P. Garcia, M. Tonks, P. Millett, B. Dorado, D. R. Gaston, D. Andrs, R. L. Williamson, R. C. Martineau, B. P Uberuaga and C. R. Stanek, "Atomistic Modeling of the Intrinsic and Radiation-enhanced Fission Gas (Xe) Diffusion in UO2: Implications for Nuclear Fuel Performance Modeling," Journal of Nuclear Materials451, 225 (2014)

J. D. Hales, S. R. Novascone, B. W. Spencer, R. L. Williamson, G. Pastore and D. M. Perez, "Verification of the BISON Fuel Performance Code," Annals of Nuclear Energy71, 81 (2014)

J. D. Hales, R. L. Williamson, S. R Novascone, D. M. Perez, B. W. Spencer and G. Pastore, "Multidimensional Multiphysics Simulation of TRISO Particle Fuel," Journal of Nuclear Materials443, 531 (2013)

M. R. Tonks, P. Millett, P. Nerikar, S. Du, D. Andersson, C. Stanek, D. Gaston, D. Andrs and R. Williamson, "Multiscale Development of a Fission Gas Thermal Conductivity Model: Coupling Atomic, Meso and Continuum Level Simulations," Journal of Nuclear Materials440, 193 (2013)

J. D. Hales, S. R. Novascone, R. L. Williamson, D. R. Gaston and M. R. Tonks, "Solving Nonlinear Solid Mechanics Problems with the Jacobian-Free Newton Krylov Method," Computer Modeling in Engineering and Sciences84, 123 (2012) (doi.org/10.3970/cmes.2012.084.123)

D. Gaston, L. Guo, G. Hansen, H. Huang, R. Johnson, H. Park, R. Podgorney, M. Tonks and R. Williamson, "Parallel Algorithms and Software for Nuclear, Energy, and Environmental Applications. Part I: Multiphysics Algorithms," Communications in Computational Physics12, 807 (2012) (doi: 10.4208/cicp.091010.140711s)

D. Gaston, L. Guo, G. Hansen, H. Huang, R. Johnson, H. Park, R. Podgorney, M. Tonks and R. Williamson, "Parallel Algorithms and Software for Nuclear, Energy, and Environmental Applications. Part II: Multiphysics Software," Communications in Computational Physics12, 834 (2012) (doi: 10.4208/cicp.091010.150711s)

R. L. Williamson, J. D. Hales, S. R. Novascone, M. R. Tonks, D. R. Gaston, C. J. Permann, D. Andrs and R. C. Martineau, "Multidimensional Multiphysics Simulation of Nuclear Fuel Behavior," Journal of Nuclear Materials423, 149 (2012) (doi: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2012.01.012)

R. L. Williamson, "Enhancing the ABAQUS Thermomechanics Code to Simulate Multipellet Steady and Transient LWR Fuel Rod Behavior," Journal of Nuclear Materials415, 74 (2011) (doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2011.05.044) 

K. D. Hamman, R. L. Williamson, E. D. Steffler, C. T. Wright, J. R. Hess and P. A. Pryfogle, "Structural Analysis of Wheat Stems," Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology121, 71 (2005)

H. Xiong, L. L. Zheng, S. Sampath, R. L. Williamson and J. R. Fincke, "Three Dimensional Simulation of Plasma Spray: Effects of Carrier Gas Flow and Particle Injection on Plasma Jet and Entrained Particle Behavior," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer47, 5189 (2004) 

 

J. R. Fincke, D. M. Crawford, S. C. Snyder, W. D. Swank, D. C. Haggard and R. L. Williamson, "Entrainment in High-Velocity, High Temperature Plasma Jets, Part I: Experimental Results," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer,46, 4201 (2003)

R. L. Williamson, J. R. Fincke, D. M. Crawford, S. C. Snyder, W. D. Swank, and D. C. Haggard, "Entrainment in High-Velocity, High Temperature Plasma Jets, Part II: Computational Results and Comparison to Experiment," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer46, 4215 (2003)

Y. P. Wan, S. Sampath, V. Prasad, R. Williamson, J. R. Fincke, "An Advanced Model for Plasma Spraying of Functionally Graded Materials," Journal of Materials Processing Technology137, 110 (2003)

R. L. Williamson, J. K. Wright, E. D. Steffler, and R. M. Cannon, "Numerical Analysis of Surface Cracks at Regions of Curvature in Oxide Scales," Materials Science and Engineering A342, 109 (2003)

H. A. Bruck, D. Casem, R. L. Williamson, and J. S. Epstein, "Characterization of Short Duration Stress Pulses Generated by Impacting Laminated Carbon-Fiber/Epoxy Composites with Magnetic Flyer Plates," Experimental Mechanics42, 279 (2002)

R. L. Williamson, J. R. Fincke, and C. H. Chang, "Numerical Study of the Relative Importance of Turbulence, Particle Size and Density, and Injection Parameters on Particle Behavior During Thermal Plasma Spraying," Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, 11, 107 (2002)

Y. P. Wan, V. Gupta, Q. Deng, S. Sampath, V. Prasad, R. Williamson, and J. R. Fincke, "Modeling and Visualization of Plasma Spraying of Functionally Graded Materials and its Application to the Optimization of Spray Conditions," Journal of Thermal Spray Technology10, 382 (2001)

D. Renusch, G. Muralidharan, S. Uran, M. Grimsditch, B. W. Veal, J. K. Wright, and R. L. Williamson, "Effect of Edges and Corners on Stresses in Thermally Grown Alumina Scales," Oxidation in Metals53, 171 (2000)

R. L. Williamson, J. R. Fincke, and C. H. Chang, "A Computational Examination of the Sources of Statistical Variance in Particle Parameters During Thermal Plasma Spraying," Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing20, 299 (2000)

J. K. Wright, R. L. Williamson, D. Renusch, B. Veal, M. Grimsditch, P. Y. Hou, and R. M. Cannon, "Residual Stresses in Convoluted Oxide Scales," Materials Science & EngineeringA262, 246 (1999) 

B. H. Rabin, R. L. Williamson, H. A. Bruck, X. L. Wang, T. R. Watkins, Y. Z. Feng and D. R. Clarke, "Residual Strains in an Al2O3-Ni Joint Bonded with a Composite Interlayer: Experimental Measurements and FEM Predictions," Journal of the American Ceramic Society81, 1541 (1998)

J. K. Wright, R. L. Williamson, and R. M. Cannon, "Finite Element Analysis of the Effects of Corners on Residual Stresses in Protective Oxide Scales," Materials Science & EngineeringA230, 202 (1997)

X. L. Wang, C. R. Hubbard, S. Spooner, S. A. David, B. H. Rabin, and R. L. Williamson, "Mapping of the Residual Stress Distribution Within a Brazed Zirconia-Iron Joint," Materials Science & EngineeringA211, 45 (1996)

J. B. Salsman, R. L. Williamson, W. K. Tolley, and D. A. Rice, "Short-Pulse Microwave Treatment of Disseminated Sulfide Ores," Minerals Engineering9, 43 (1996).

B. H. Rabin, R. L. Williamson, and S. Suresh, "Fundamentals of Residual Stresses in Joints Between Dissimilar Materials, Materials Research Society Bulletin20, 37 (1995)

R. L. Williamson, B. H. Rabin, and G. E. Byerly, "FEM Study of the Effects of Interlayers and Creep in Reducing Residual Stresses and Strains in Ceramic-Metal Joints," Composites Engineering5, 851 (1995)

G. E. Korth and R. L. Williamson, "Dynamic Consolidation of Metastable Nano-Crystalline Powders," Metallurgical Transactions26A, 2571 (1995)

J. K. Wright, R. L. Williamson, and K. J. Maggs, "Finite Element Analysis of the Effectiveness of Interlayers in Reducing Thermal Residual Stresses in Diamond Films," Materials Science & EngineeringA187, 87 (1994) 

R. L. Williamson, B. H. Rabin, and J. T. Drake, "Finite Element Analysis of Thermal Residual Stresses at Graded Ceramic/Metal Interfaces, Part I: Model Description and Geometrical Effects," Journal of Applied Physics74, 1310 (1993)

J. T. Drake, R. L. Williamson, and B. H. Rabin, "Finite Element Analysis of Thermal Residual Stresses at Graded Ceramic/Metal Interfaces, Part II: Optimization for Residual Stress Reduction," Journal of Applied Physics74, 1321 (1993)

R. L. Williamson and B. H. Rabin, "Numerical Modeling of Residual Stresses in Graded Ceramic-Metal Joints," Ceramic Transactions, 35, 239 (1993)

R. L. Williamson and B. H. Rabin, "Numerical Modeling of Residual Stresses in Ni-Al2OFunctional Gradient Materials," Ceramic Transactions34, (1993)

R. L. Williamson, J. R. Knibloe, and R. N. Wright, "Particle-Level Investigation of Densification During Uniaxial Hot Pressing: Continuum Modeling and Experiments," ASME Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 114, 105 (1992)

B. H. Rabin, G. E. Korth, and R. L. Williamson, "Fabrication of TiC-Al2OComposites by Combustion Synthesis and Subsequent Dynamic Consolidation," International Journal of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis1, 336 (1992)

R. N. Wright, R. L. Williamson, and J. R. Knibloe, "Modeling of Hipping Consolidation Applied to Ni3Al Powders," Powder Metallurgy33, 253 (1990)

R. L. Williamson, "Parametric Studies of Dynamic Powder Consolidation Using a Particle-Level Numerical Model," Journal of Applied Physics68, 1287 (1990)

B. H. Rabin, G. E. Korth, and R. L. Williamson, "Fabrication of TiC-Al2OComposites by Combustion Synthesis and Subsequent Dynamic Consolidation," Journal of the American Ceramic Society73, 2156 (1990)

R. L. Williamson, R. N. Wright, G. E. Korth, and B. H. Rabin, "Numerical Simulation of Dynamic Consolidation of a SiC Fiber Reinforced Aluminum Composite," Journal of Applied Physics66, 1826 (1989)

J. E. Flinn, R. L. Williamson, R. A. Berry, R. N. Wright, Y. M. Gupta, and M.Williams, "Dynamic Consolidation of Type 304 Stainless Steel Powders in Gas Gun Experiments," Journal of Applied Physics64, 1446 (1988)

T. B. Merala, H. W. Chan, D. G. Howitt, P. V. Kelsey, G. E. Korth and R. L. Williamson, "Dislocation Microstructures in Explosively Deformed Hard Materials," Materials Science & EngineeringA105, 293 (1988)

CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

 

R. Gardner, C. Permann, M. Bernard and R. Williamson, "Demonstration of Bison-TRACE Coupling (CRAB) Through Validation Case LOFT L2-5," 2019 Water Reactor Fuel Performance Meeting, Seattle, USA, September 22-26, 2019.

 

J. Y. R. Rashid, W. Liu, R. L. Williamson, "Bison as a PCI Screening Tool – PCI Failure Model Development," 2019 Water Reactor Fuel Performance Meeting, Seattle, USA, September 22-26, 2019.

 

W. Liu, J. Alvis, J. Y. R. Rashid, C. Folsom, R. L. Williamson, "Bison Application to the Analysis of LWR Fuel Responses under Accident Conditions," 2019 Water Reactor Fuel Performance Meeting, Seattle, USA, September 22-26, 2019.

 

 

M. Dostal, G. Rossiter, A. Dethioux, J. Zhang, M. Amaya, D. Rozzia, R. Williamson, T. Kozlowski, I. Hill, J. Martin, "OECD/NEA Benchmark on Pellet-Clad Mechanical Interaction Modelling with Fuel Performance Codes: Impact of Number of Radial Pellet Cracks and Pellet-Clad Friction Coefficient," 2018 Water Reactor Fuel Performance Meeting, Prague, Czech Republic, September 30-October 4, 2018.

 

R. L. Williamson, G. Pastore, B. W. Spencer, J. D. Hales and T. Tverberg, "BISON Validation for LOCA and PCMI Behaviour Using Measurements From the Halden Reactor Project," Paper F2.5, Enlarged Halden Program Group Meeting, Lillehammer, Norway, September 24-29, 2017.

 

G. Pastore, C. P. Folsom, R. L. Williamson, J. D. Hales, L. Luzzi, D. Pizzocri and T. Barani, "Modelling Fission Gas Behaviour with the BISON Fuel Performance Code," Paper F6.3, Enlarged Halden Program Group Meeting, Lillehammer, Norway, September 24-29, 2017.

 

V. Georgenthum, Charles Folsom, Alain Moal, Olivier Marchand, Richard Williamson, Heng Ban and Daniel Wachs, "SCANAIR-BISON Benchmark on CIP0-1 RIA Test," 2017 Water Reactor Fuel Performance Meeting, Jeju Island, Korea, September 10-14, 2017.

 

C. P. Folsom, C. B. Jensen, R. L. Williamson, N. E. Woolstenhulme, H. Ban and D. M. Wachs,  

"BISON Modeling of Reactivity-Initiated Accident Experiments in a Static Environment," 2016 LWR Fuel Performance Meeting – Top Fuel, Boise, Idaho, September 11-15, 2016.

F. Gleicher, J. Ortensi, M. DeHart, Y. Wang, S. Schunert, S. Novascone, J. Hales, R. Williamson, A. Slaughter, C. Permann, D. Andrs and Richard Martineau, "The Application of MAMMOTH for a Detailed Tightly Coupled Fuel Pin Simulation with a Station Blackout," 2016 LWR Fuel Performance Meeting – Top Fuel, Boise, Idaho, September 11-15, 2016.

R. L. Williamson, K. A. Gamble, S. R. Novascone, R. J. Gardner, J. D. Hales, D. M. Perez and G. Pastore, "Verification and Validation of the BISON Fuel Performance Code for PCMI Applications," PCMI Workshop, Lucca, Italy, June 22-24, 2016.

 

A. Casagranda, B. W. Spencer, G. Pastore, S. R. Novascone, J. D. Hales, R. L. Williamson and R. C. Martineau, "Analysis of Experimental Fuel Rod Parameters Using 3D Modeling of PCMI with MPS Defects," PCMI Workshop, Lucca, Italy, June 22-24, 2016.

 

A. Casagranda, B. W. Spencer, G. Pastore, S. R. Novascone, J. D. Hales, R. L. Williamson and R. C. Martineau, "Determination of Experimental Fuel Rod Parameters Using 3D Modeling of PCMI With MPS Defect," Paper F4.8, Enlarged Halden Program Group Meeting, Fornebu, Norway, May 8-13, 2016.

 

G. Pastore, R. L. Williamson, S. R. Novascone, B. W. Spencer and J. D. Hales, "Modelling of LOCA Tests with the BISON Fuel Performance," Paper F6.3, Enlarged Halden Program Group Meeting, Fornebu, Norway, May 8-13, 2016.

 

C. Folsom, P. Raynaud, A. Zabriskie, R. Williamson, H. Ban and D. Wachs. "Case Comparison Between FRAPTRAN and BISON for an Idealized RIA of a Light Water Reactor," American Nuclear Society Winter Meeting, Washington DC, November 8-12, 2015. 

 

G. Pastore, S. R. Novascone, R. L. Williamson, J. D. Hales, B. W. Spencer, S. Stafford, "Modeling of Fuel Behavior During Loss-of-Coolant Accidents Using the BISON Code," 2015 LWR Fuel Performance Meeting – Top Fuel, Zurich, Switzerland, September 13-17, 2015, p. 552.

R. J. Gardner, S. R. Novascone, D. M. Perez, G. Pastore, R. L. Williamson, J. D. Hales, W. Liu, "Improving the Accuracy of PCMI Simulations with More Realistic Geometry and Material Models," 2015 LWR Fuel Performance Meeting – Top Fuel, Zurich, Switzerland, September 13-17, 2015, p. 620.

F. N. Gleicher, J. Ortensi, B. W. Spencer, Y. Wang, S. R. Novascone, J. D. Hales, D. Gaston, R. L. Williamson, R. C. Martineau, "The Coupling of the Neutron Transport Application RattleSnake to the Nuclear Fuels Performance Application BISON under the MOOSE Framework, PHYSOR 2014 – The Role of Reactor Physics Toward a Sustainable Future, Kyoto, Japan, September 28-October 3, 2014.

J. D. Hales, P. G. Medvedev, S. R. Novascone, D. M. Perez, R. L. Williamson, "Analysis of Double-encapsulated Fuel Rods," Paper F6-9, 2014 Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, Roros, Norway, September 7–12, 2014. 

G. Pastore, D. Pizzocri, J. D. Hales, S. R. Novascone, D. M. Perez, B. W. Spencer, R. L. Williamson, P. Van Uffelen, L. Luzzi, "Modeling of Transient Fission Gas Behavior in Oxide Fuel and Application to the BISON Code," Paper F7-4, 2014 Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, Roros, Norway, September 7–12, 2014. 

K. E. Metzger, T. W. Knight and R. L. Williamson, "Model of U3Si2 Fuel System Using BISON Fuel Code," Proceedings of the International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants, Paper 14343, Charlotte, North Carolina, April 6-9, 2014.

R. L. Williamson, J. D. Hales, S. R. Novascone, G. Pastore, D. M. Perez, B. W. Spencer and R. C. Martineau, "Overview of the BISON Multidimensional Fuel Performance Code," IAEA Technical Meeting: Modeling of Water-Cooled Fuel Including Design-Basis and Severe Accidents, Chengdu, China, October 28–November 1, 2013.

G. Pastore, J. D. Hales, S. R. Novascone, D. M. Perez, B. W. Spencer and R. L. Williamson, "Analysis of Fission Gas Release in LWR Fuel Using the BISON Code," 2013 LWR Fuel Performance Meeting - TopFuel, Charlotte, North Carolina, September 15-19, 2013.

W. Liu, J. Rashid, D. Sunderland, R. Montgomery, C. Stanek, B. Wirth, J. Hales, and R.  Williamson, "Numerical Method of Modeling Creep of Zirconium-alloy Cladding in a Multi- physics Fuel Performance Code," 2013 LWR Fuel Performance Meeting – TopFuel, Charlotte, North Carolina, September 15-19, 2013.

J. D. Hales, D. M. Perez, R. L. Williamson, S. R. Novascone, B. W. Spencer, and G. Pastore, "Nuclear fuel modeling with BISON," Fuels & Materials Summer School on Principles of Fuel Behaviour Modelling and Practical Applications, Halden, Norway: OECD Halden Reactor Project, August 26–29 2013.

J. D. Hales, M. R. Tonks, K. Chockalingam, D, M. Perez, S. R. Novascone, B. W. Spencer and R. L. Williamson, "Multiscale Nuclear Fuel Analysis via Asymptotic Expansion Homogenization," 22nd International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMIRT-22), San Francisco, California, August 18-23, 2013.

S. R. Novascone, B. W. Spencer, R. L. Williamson, D. Andrs, J. D. Hales and D. M. Perez, "The Effects of Thermomechanics Coupling Strategies in Nuclear Fuels Performance Simulations," 22nd International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMIRT-22), San Francisco, California, August 18-23, 2013.

D. M. Perez, R. L. Williamson, S. R. Novascone, T. K. Larson, J. D. Hales, B. W. Spencer and G. Pastore, "An Evaluation of the Nuclear Fuel Performance Code BISON," International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science & Engineering (M&C 2013), Sun Valley, Idaho, May 5-9, 2013.

L. P. Swiler, R. L. Williamson and D. M. Perez, "Calibration of a Fuel Relocation Model in BISON," International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science & Engineering (M&C 2013), Sun Valley, Idaho, May 5-9, 2013.

S. R. Novascone, B. W. Spencer, D. Andrs, R. L. Williamson, J. D. Hales and D. M. Perez, "Results from Tight and Loose Coupled Multiphysics in Nuclear Fuels Performance Simulations using BISON," International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science & Engineering (M&C 2013), Sun Valley, Idaho, May 5-9, 2013.

F. N. Gleicher, B. W. Spencer, S. R. Novascone, R. L. Williamson, R. C. Martineau, M. Rose, T. Downar and B. Collins, "Coupling the Core Analysis Program DeCART to the Fuel Performance Application BISON," International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science & Engineering (M&C 2013), Sun Valley, Idaho, May 5-9, 2013.

J. D. Hales, D. M. Perez, R. L. Williamson, S. R. Novascone, B. W. Spencer, and R. C. Martineau, "Validation of the BISON 3D fuel performance code: Temperature comparisons for concentrically and eccentrically located fuel pellets," Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting: Proceedings of the Fuels and Materials Sessions, vol. HPR-378. Storefjell Resort Hotel, Norway: OECD Halden Reactor Project, March 10–15 2013.

B. W. Spencer, J. D. Hales, S. R. Novascone and R. L. Williamson, "3D Simulation of Missing Pellet Surface Defects in Light Water Reactor Fuel Rods," Proceedings of Top Fuel 2012, Manchester, UK, September 3-5, 2012.

S. R. Novascone, J. D. Hales, B. W. Spencer and R. L. Williamson, "Assessment of PCMI Simulation Using the Multidimensional Multiphysics BISON Fuel Performance Code," Proceedings of Top Fuel 2012, Manchester, UK, September 3-5, 2012.

S. R. Novascone, R. L. Williamson, J. D. Hales, M. R. Tonks, D. R. Gaston, C. J. Permann, D. Andrs and R. C. Martineau, "Multidimensional Multiphysics Simulation of Nuclear Fuel Behavior," PHYSOR 2012, Knoxville, Tennessee, April 15-20, 2012.

R. L. Williamson and D. A. Knoll, "Enhancing the ABAQUS Thermomechanics Code to Simulate Steady and Transient Fuel Rod Behavior," Proceeding of Top Fuel 2009, Paris, France, September 6-10, 2009.

 

R. L. Williamson and D. A. Knoll, "Simulating Dynamic Fracture in Oxide Fuel Pellets Using Cohesive Zone Models," 20th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMIRT 20), Espoo, Finland, August 9-14, 2009.

 

K. D. Hamman, R. L. Williamson, E. D. Steffler, C. T. Wright, J. R. Hess, and P. A. Pryfogle, "Structural Analysis of Wheat Stems," 26th Symposium on Biotechnology For Fuels and Chemicals, Chattanooga, TN, May 9th – 12th, 2004.

 

H. Xiong, L. L. Zheng, S. Sampath, J. R. Fincke, and R. L. Williamson, "Three Dimensional Simulation of Plasma Spray Jet," HT2003-47153, ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, July 20-23, 2003.

R. L. Williamson, J. R. Fincke, and C. H. Chang, "A Computational Examination of the Sources of Statistical Variance in Particle Parameters During Thermal Spray Processing," International Thermal Spray Conference, ITSC-2000, Montreal, Canada, May 8-11, 2000 – Received "Best Paper" Award.

J. R. Fincke, R. L. Williamson, and C. H. Chang, "Plasma Spraying of Functionally Graded Materials: Measured and Simulated Plasma and Particle Flow Fields," International Thermal Spray Conference, ITSC-2000, Montreal, Canada, May 8-11, 2000. 

J. R. Fincke, D. M. Crawford, S. C. Snyder, W. D. Swank, D. C. Haggard, and R. L. Williamson, "Entrainment in High Velocity, High Temperature Thermal Plasma Jets," 18th Symposium on Energy Engineering Sciences, Argonne National Laboratory CONG-2000/1, 1999, p 81. 

Y. P. Wan, S. Sampath, V. Prasad, R. Williamson, and J. R. Fincke, "Numerical Simulation of Plasma Spraying of Functionally Graded Materials," IMECE-99, Nashville, Tennessee, November 14-19, 1999.

Y. P. Wan, S. Sampath, V. Prasad, R. Williamson, and J. R. Fincke, "An Advanced Model for Plasma Spraying of Functionally Graded Materials," Fifth IUMRS International Conference on Advanced Materials, Beijing, June 13-18, 1999.

R. L. Williamson, J. K. Wright, and R. M. Cannon, "Finite Element Analysis of Surface Cracks at Corners in Protective Oxide Scales," Fundamental Aspects of High Temperature Corrosion, edited by D. A. Shores, R. Rapp, and P. Y. Hou, (Electrochemical Society, Pennington, New Jersey, 1997) p 16.

J. K. Wright, R. L. Williamson, P. Y. Hou, R. M. Cannon, D. Renusch, B. Veal, M. Grimsditch, "Finite Element Modeling of the Effect of Interface Anomalies on Thermal Stresses in Alumina Scales," Fundamental Aspects of High Temperature Corrosion, edited by D. A. Shores, R. Rapp, and P. Y. Hou, (Electrochemical Society, Pennington, New Jersey, 1997). 

M. Grimsditch, D. Renusch, B. W. Veal, J. K. Wright, and R. L. Williamson, "Stresses in Thermally Grown Alumina Scales Near Edges and Corners," Fundamental Aspects of High Temperature Corrosion, edited by D. A. Shores, R. Rapp, and P. Y. Hou, (Electrochemical Society, Pennington, New Jersey, 1997) p 62. 

B. H. Rabin, R. L. Williamson, H. A. Bruck, X.-L. Wang, T. R. Watkins, and D. R. Clarke, "Residual Strains and Stresses in an Al2O3-Ni Joint Bonded with a Composite Interlayer:  FEM Predictions and Experimental Measurements," Functionally Graded Materials, edited by I. Shiota and M. Y. Miyamoto, (Elsevier Science B. V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1997) p. 387.

J. K. Wright and R. L. Williamson, "Effects of Substrate Curvature and Roughness on Residual Stresses in Oxide Films," 1997 Annual Meeting of the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, Orlando, Florida, February 9-13, 1997, presentation only.

R. L. Williamson, J. K. Wright, and R. M. Cannon, "Numerical Analysis of the Effects of Substrate Corners and Interface Convolution on Residual Stresses in Oxide Scales," 190th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, San Antonio, Texas, October 6-11, 1996.

P. Y. Hou, R. M. Cannon, H. Zhang, and R. L. Williamson, "Interface Convolution and its Effect on Alumina Scale Spallation," 190th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, San Antonio, Texas, October 6-11, 1996.

X.-L. Wang, B. H. Rabin, R. L. Williamson, H. A. Bruck, and T. R. Watkins, "Residual Stress Distribution in an Al2O3-Ni Joint Bonded with a Composite Layer," Layered Materials for Structural Applications, vol. 434, (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA, 1996) p.177.

"Effects of Substrate Curvature on Residual Stresses in Oxide Films: FEM Solutions and Optical Fluorescence Experiments," 1996 Annual Meeting of the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, Anaheim, California, February 5-8, 1996, presentation only.

B. H. Rabin, R. L. Williamson, and H. A. Bruck, "Residual Strains and Stresses in Ceramic-Metal Joints and Functionally Gradient Materials: FEM Analyses and Model Experiments on Al2O3-Ni," Engineering Foundation Conference on Mechanics and Physics of Layered and Graded Materials, Davos, Switzerland, August 20-25, 1995.

R. L. Williamson, B. H. Rabin, H. A. Bruck, and X.-L. Wang, "Residual Stresses in Graded Materials: A Comparison of FEM Modeling and Neutron Diffraction Experiments," Second International Conference on Composites Engineering, edited by D. Hui, (ICCE, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1995) p. 813.

H. A. Bruck, B. H. Rabin, and R. L. Williamson, "Mechanical Behavior of Metal Matrix and Ceramic Matrix Composites for FGMs," Second International Conference on Composites Engineering, edited by D. Hui, (ICCE, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1995) p. 95.

X. L. Wang, C. R. Hubbard, S. Spooner, S. A. David, B. H. Rabin, and R. L. Williamson, "Measurement and Modeling of the Residual Stress Distribution on a Brazed Zirconia-Cast Iron Joint," Materials Research Society 1994 Fall Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, November 28-December 2, 1994.

T. R. Watkins, X. -L. Wang, S. Spooner, C. R. Hubbard, S. J. Vance, B. H. Rabin, and R. L. Williamson, "Mapping of Residual Strains of a Ceramic-to-Metal Joint Using X-ray Diffraction," Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Residual Stresses (Society for Experimental Mechanics, Bethel, Connecticut, 1994) p. 672.

B. H. Rabin, R. L. Williamson, T. R. Watkins, X. L. Wang, C. R. Hubbard, and S. Spooner, "Characterization of Residual Stresses in Graded Ceramic-Metal Structures: A Comparison of Diffraction Experiments and FEM Calculations," Proceedings Third International Symposium Functional Gradient Materials, (Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1995) p. 209.

R. L. Williamson, B. H. Rabin, and G. Byerly, "Residual Stresses in Joined Ceramic-Metal Structures: FEM Studies of Interlayer and Creep Effects," Proceedings Third International Symposium Functional Gradient Materials, (Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1995) p. 215.

J. B. Salsman, R. L. Williamson, W. K. Tolley, and D. A. Rice, "Improved Comminution Through Short-Pulse Microwave Treatment," AICHe 1st International Particle Technology Forum, Denver, Colorado, August 17-19, 1994.

R. L. Williamson, J. B. Salsman, and W. K. Tolley, "Modeling the Thermomechanical Response of Ore Materials During Microwave Processing," Materials Research Society 1994 Spring Meeting, San Francisco, California, April 4-8, 1994.

B. H. Rabin and R. L. Williamson, "Design and Fabrication of Ceramic-Metal Gradient Materials," Processing and Fabrication of Advanced Materials III, edited by V. A. Ravi, T. S. Srivatsan, and J. J. Moore, (The Minerals, Metals, & Materials Society, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1994) p. 145.

J. S. Epstein, W. R. Lloyd, M. B. Ward, V. A. Deason, R. L. Williamson, and J. E. Page, "A Biaxial Load System for Elastic-Plastic Interface Testing," ASME Winter Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 28-December 3, 1993.

R. L. Williamson, J. T. Drake, and B. H. Rabin, "A Computational Assessment of Thermal Residual Stress Reduction Using Functional Gradient Material (FGM) Interfaces," Processing, Fabrication, and Application of Advanced Composites, edited by K. Upadhya, (ASM International, Metals Park, Ohio, 1993) p. 99.

J. T. Drake, R. L. Williamson, and B. H. Rabin, "Numerical Modeling Approach to the Prediction of Optimum Graded Ceramic-Metal Microstructures," Residual Stresses in Composites: Measurement, Modeling, and Thermo-Mechanical Properties, edited by E. V. Barrera and I. Dutta (The Minerals, Metals, & Materials Society, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1993) p. 25.

B. H. Rabin, R. L. Williamson, R. J. Heaps, and A. W. Erickson, "Ni-Al2O3 Gradient Materials by Powder Metallurgy," Proceedings of the First International Conference on Advanced Synthesis of Engineered Materials, edited by J. J. Moore, E. J. Lavernia, and F. H. Froes, (ASM International, Metals Park, Ohio, 1993) p. 175.

G. E. Korth and R. L. Williamson, "Consolidation of Metastable Tungsten Powders or Wires," Tungsten and Tungsten Alloys, edited by A. Bose and R. J. Dowding, (Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, New Jersey, 1993) p. 167.

B. H. Rabin, R. L. Williamson, R. J. Heaps, and A. W. Erickson, "Powder Processing of Nickel-Aluminum Oxide Gradient Materials," Advances in Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials - 1992, Volume 9: Particulate Materials and Processes, edited by J. M. Capus and R. M. German, (Metal Powder Industries Federation, Princeton, New Jersey, 1992) p. 1.

G. E. Korth, R. L. Williamson, and B. H. Rabin, "Dynamic Compaction of Combustion Synthesized TiC-Al2O3Composite," Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena in Materials, edited by M. A. Meyers, L. E. Murr, and K. P. Staudhammer, (Marcel Dekker, New York, New York, 1992) p. 283.

R. L. Williamson, J. T. Drake, and B. H. Rabin, "Numerical Modeling of Interface Residual Stresses in Graded Ceramic-Metal Materials," in Developments in Ceramic and Metal-Matrix Composites, edited by K. Upadhya, (The Minerals, Metals, & Materials Society, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1992) p. 241.

B. H. Rabin and R. L. Williamson, "Graded Ceramic-Metal Microcomposites for Controlling Interface Stresses," in Microcomposites and Nanophase Materials, edited by D. C. Van Aken, G. S. Was, and A. K. Ghosh, (The Minerals, Metals, & Materials Society, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1991) p. 103.

D. W. Cott, D. A. Rudberg, and R. L. Williamson, "High Explosive Magnetohydrodynamic Pulsed Power," 29th Symposium on Engineering Aspects of Magnetohydrodynamics, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 18-20, 1991.

W. G. Reuter, W. R. Lloyd, R. L. Williamson, J. A. Smith, and J. S. Epstein, "Relationship Between Equivalent Plastic Strain and Constraint for Crack Initiation," 23rd National Symposium on Fracture Mechanics, College Station, Texas, June 18-20, 1991.

G. E. Korth, R. L. Williamson, R. N. Wright, and B. H. Rabin, "Dynamic Consolidation of Tungsten Wire Bundles," edited by A. Crowson and E. S. Chen, (The Minerals, Metals, & Materials Society, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1990) p. 61.

R. L. Williamson and R. N. Wright, "A Particle-Level Numerical Simulation of the Dynamic Consolidation of a Metal Matrix Composite Material," in Shock Waves in Condensed Matter-1989, edited by S. C. Schmidt, J. N. Johnson, and L. W. Davison, (Elsevier Science Publishers B. V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1990) p. 487. 

G. E. Korth, R. L. Williamson, and B. H. Rabin, "Metal Matrix Composites From Dynamic Consolidation of Powder Mixtures," in Shock Waves in Condensed Matter-1989, edited by S. C. Schmidt, J. N. Johnson, and L. W. Davison, (Elsevier Science Publishers B. V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1990) p. 491. 

B. H. Rabin, G. E. Korth, and R. L. Williamson, "Dynamic Consolidation of Aluminum-Silicon Carbide Composites," in Metal & Ceramic Matrix Composites: Processing, Modeling & Mechanical Behavior, edited by R. B. Bhagat, A. H. Clauer, P. Kumar and A. M. Ritter, (The Minerals, Metals, & Materials Society, Warrendale, Pennsylvania,1990) p. 281.

W. G. Reuter, S. M. Graham, W. R. Lloyd, and R. L. Williamson, "Ability of Using Experimental Measurements to Predict Crack Initiation for Structural Components," in Defect Assessment in Components--Fundamentals and Applications, edited by J. G. Blauel and K.-H. Schwalbe, (ESIS/EGF Publication 9, 1991) p. 175.

G. E. Korth and R. L. Williamson, "Impact Shock Generator from Explosive-Driven Plates," in Shock Waves in Condensed Matter-1987, edited by S. C. Schmidt and N. C. Holmes (Elsevier Science Publishers B. V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1988) p. 669.

J. S. Epstein, M. Abdallah, and R. L. Williamson, "Dynamic Moire Interferometry Studies of Strong Elastic Lamb Propagation in AS4/3501-6 Graphite Epoxy Composites," 1988 ASCE Applied Mechanics Conference, edited by B. Heller, (May 1988) p. 187.

R. L. Williamson and R. A. Berry, "Microlevel Numerical Modeling of the Shock Wave Induced Consolidation of Metal Powders," in Shock Waves in Condensed Matter-1985, edited by Y. M. Gupta, (Plenum Press, New York, New York, 1986) p. 341.

R. A. Berry and R. L. Williamson, "Numerical Modeling of the Experimental Dynamic Consolidation of Rapidly Solidified Metal Powders," in Metallurgical Applications of Shock-Wave and High-Strain-Rate Phenomena, edited by L. E. Murr, K. P. Staudhammer, and M. A. Myers, (Marcel Dekker, New York, New York, 1986) p. 67.

R. A. Berry and R. L. Williamson, "A Multiphase Mixture Model for the Shock Induced Consolidation of Metal Powders," in Shock Waves in Condensed Matter- 1985, edited by Y. M. Gupta, (Plenum Press, New York, New York, 1986) p. 335.

R. A. Berry and R. L. Williamson, "Some Applications of the Moving Finite Element Method to Fluid Flow and Related Problems," in Advances in Reactor Computations, (American Nuclear Society, LaGrange Park, Illinois, 1983) p. 433.

A. G. Ware and R. L. Williamson, "BLAZER--A RELAP5/MOD1 Post Processor to Generate Force-Time History Input Data for Structural Computer Codes," in Fluid Transients and Fluid-Structure Interaction, edited by Y. W. Shin, (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, New York, 1982) p. 183.

 

INVITED PAPERS

R. L. Williamson, "An Overview of Material Models in the BISON Fuel Performance Code," American Nuclear Society Annual Meeting, Embedded Topical: Nuclear Fuels and Structural Materials, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 13-16, 2016.

J. D. Hales, D. M. Perez, R. L. Williamson, S. R. Novascone, B. W. Spencer, and R. C. Martineau, "Validation of the BISON 3D Fuel Performance Code: Temperature Comparisons for Concentrically and Eccentrically Located Fuel Pellets," Extended Halden Program Group Meeting, Gol, Norway, March 11-14, 2013.

J. R. Fincke, C. H. Chang, W. D. Swank, D. C. Haggard and R. L. Williamson, "Measured and Simulated Particle Flow Field Characteristics in High Swirl, Supersonic Plasma Spray," 1997 TMS Fall Extraction and Processing Conference, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Oct. 5-8, 1997. 

B. H. Rabin and R. L. Williamson, "The Effect of Interlayer Properties on Residual Stresses in Ceramic-Metal Joining," American Ceramic Society 1996 Annual Meeting, Indianapolis, Indiana, April 14-17, 1996.

B. H. Rabin, R. L. Williamson, and S. Suresh, "Fundamentals of Residual Stresses in Joints Between Dissimilar Materials," MRS Bulletin, 20(1), 37 (1995).

R. L. Williamson and J. T. Drake, "Assessing Thermal Residual Stress Reduction from Composition Grading at Material Interfaces: A Numerical Modeling Study," Advanced Composites '93 International Conference on Advanced Composite Materials, Wollongong, Australia, edited by T. Chandra and A. K. Dhingra (The Minerals, Metals, & Materials Society, Warrendale, Pennsylvania, 1993) p. 1361.


Awards:
American Nuclear Society Special Achievement Award, 2015
INL Laboratory Director Exceptional Achievement Award, 2014 
DOE Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation Excellence Award, 2014
INL Laboratory Director Award, 2013
INL Laboratory Director Award, 2011
INEEL LEAP Award, 1998                                                                                        
EG&G Science and Technology Outstanding Performance Award, 1989


Version: 17.0
Created at 5/13/2015 11:29 AM by David S. Marwil
Last modified at 3/23/2020 10:15 AM by Jason D. Hales