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Boryann Liaw, Ph.D.

Directorate Fellow

Research Areas:

Biography:

Dr. Boryann Liaw currently is a Directorate Fellow at Idaho National Laboratory (INL). He joined INL in May 2016 as Department Manager of Energy Storage and Advanced Vehicles. The department operates Battery Technology Center (BTC), Non-destructive Battery Laboratory for Evaluation (NOBLE), and Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Laboratory (EVIL) with facility and a wide range of testing capabilities to conduct performance, reliability, safety, and failure analyses of energy storage systems, advanced vehicles, charging devices and infrastructure, grid and behind-the-meter storage, and cybersecurity studies. Since early 1990s, Dr. Liaw has been involved in R&D activities comprising laboratory and real-life battery and vehicle testing, data collection and analysis, battery modeling and simulation, battery performance and life prediction, battery fast charging technology development, and battery failure mode and effect analyses. Before joining INL, Dr. Liaw was a faculty member at University of Hawaii at Manoa for 28 years, co-founder of Ambient Micro and founder of High Power Research Laboratory. He received his bachelor’s in chemistry from National Tsinghua University in Taiwan, his master’s in chemistry from University of Georgia, and doctorate in materials science and engineering from Stanford University. Dr. Liaw is a Fellow of the Electrochemical Society, actively involving in professional services which include membership in several editorial boards, executive boards and associate editorships. He is past President of International Battery Materials Association (IBA) and serves as scientific advisors for several international and national programs including Department of Energy’s Energy Frontier Research Center at Stony Brook University. His recent accomplishments include Asian American Engineer of the Year (2019) and IBA Technology Award (2020).

Education:

​Ph.D., Materials Science and Engineering - Stanford University

M.S., Chemistry -  University of Georgia

B.S., Chemistry - National Tsing-Hua University

Publications:

Publications

C.-M. Lin, C.-F. Chang, W.-C. Hsieh, C.-W. Chang, Y. Zheng, S.-W. Yeh, C.-J. Su, Y.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Yu, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Kei, C.-H. Liao, K. S. Huang, K. T. Huang, D. Chen, W.-K. Chu, L.-W. Tu, P. V. Wadekar, T.-C. Leung, H.-W. Seo, B.-Y. Liaw, Q. Y. Chen, “Electrically tunable bandgaps for g-ZnO/ZnX (X =S, Se, Te) 2D semiconductor bilayers." Vaccum 192 (2021) 110386. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2021.110386.


C. Fang, B. Lu, G. Pawar, M. Zhang, D. Cheng, S. Chen, M. Ceja, J.-M. Doux, M. Cai, B. Liaw, Y. S. Meng, “Pressure-tailored highly-reversible lithium metal electrode for rechargeable lithium batteries." Nat. Energy 6 (2021) 987–994. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-021-00917-3.


Z. Fang, M. Confer, Y. Wang, Q. Wang, M. R. Kunz, E. J. Dufek, B. Liaw, T. Klein, D. Dixon, R. Fushimi, “Formation of surface impurities on lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt oxides in the presence of CO2 and H2O." J. Am. Chem. Soc. 143 (2021) 10261–10274. https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.1c03812


Y. Luo, C. Chen, R. Kadavil, B. Liaw, E. Muljadi, X. Wu, S. Srivastava, T.M. Mosier, E.J. Dufek, “A novel framework for optimizing ramping capability of hybrid energy storage systems." IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid 12 (2021) 1651–1662. doi:10.1109/TSG.2020.3023712


G. S. Mattei, Z. Li, A. A. Corrao, C. Niu, Y. Zhang, B. Liaw, C. C. Dickerson, J. Xiao, E. J. Dufek, P. G. Khalifah, “High-energy lateral mapping (HELM) studies of inhomogeneity and failure mechanisms in NMC622/Li pouch cells." Chem. Mater. 33 (2021) 2378–2386. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c04537


Y. Zhang, R. Nguyen, B. Liaw, “Status and gaps in Li-ion battery supply chain: Importance of quantitative failure analysis." Special Issue on Electric and Hybrid Vehicles (Invited), eds. T. Mi, et al., Proceedings of the IEEE 109 (2021) 1029–1038. DOI:10.1109/JPROC.2020.3047880.


N. Gao, B. Li, E. J. Dufek, A. W. Abboud, G. Mattei, P. Khalifah, Z. Li, B. Liaw, C. Fang, Y.S. Meng, “Fast diagnosis of failure mechanisms and lifetime prediction of Li metal batteries." Small Methods (2020) 2000807. doi:10.1002/smtd.202000807.


B. Liaw, T.P. Barrera, D. Aurbach, “Preface—Focus Issue on Battery Safety, Reliability and Mitigation." J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 (2020) 090001. doi:10.1149/1945-7111/abb0f1.


 X. Wang, G. Pawar, Y. Li, X. Ren, M. Zhang, B. Lu, A. Banerjee, P. Liu, E. J. Dufek, J-G. Zhang, J. Xiao, J. Liu, Y. S. Meng, B. Liaw, “Glassy Li metal anode for high-performance rechargeable Li batteries." Nat. Mater. 19 (2020) 1339–1345. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-020-0729-1. [ArXiv.org (10/25/2019), https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.11513]


F. Wang, Z. Lin, L. Liu, X. Wei, S. Lin, L. Dai, Y. Wei, B. Liaw, C. Liang, “Does polarization increase lead to capacity fade?" J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 (2020) 090549. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab956b.


Y. Zhang, Y. Lin, L. He, V. Murugesan, G. Pawar, B.M. Sivakumar, H. Ding, D. Ding, B. Liaw, E.J. Dufek, B. Li, “Dual functional Ni3S2@Ni core-shell nanoparticles decorating nanoporous carbon as cathode scaffolds for lithium-sulfur battery with lean electrolytes." ACS Appl. Energy Mater. 3 (2020) 4173−4179. https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.0c00568.


M.J. Hossain, G. Pawar, B. Liaw, K.L. Gering, E.J. Dufek, A.C.T. van Duin, “Lithium-electrolyte solvation and reaction in the anode/electrolyte interface of a lithium ion battery: A ReaxFF reactive force field study." J. Chem. Phys. 152 (2020) 184301. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0003333.


Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, B. Liaw, S.C. Nagpure, E.J. Dufek, C.C. Dickerson, “Cell qualification—A performance metric-based approach." J. Phys. Energy 2 (2020) 034003. https://doi.org/10.1088/2515-7655/ab979b.


A. Raj, B. Li, B. Liaw, C.C. Dickerson, G.M. Pawar, H.-Y. Huang, S. Kim, E.J. Dufek, “Correlation of electrochemical and mechanical responses: Differential analysis of rechargeable lithium metal cells." J. Power Sources 463 (2020) 228180.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2020.228180.​


X. Feng, Y. Merla, C. Weng, M. Ouyang, X. He, B.Y. Liaw, S. Santhanagopalan, X. Li, P. Liu, L. Lu, X. Han, D. Ren, Y. Wang, R. Li, C. Jin, P. Huang, M. Yi, L. Wang, Y. Zhao, Y. Patel, G. Offer, “A reliable approach of differentiating discrete sampled-data for battery diagnosis." eTransportation 3 (2020) 100051. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etran.2020.100051.


Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, B. Liaw, S.C. Nagpure, E.J. Dufek, C.C. Dickerson, “A quantitative failure analysis on capacity fade in rechargeable lithium metal cells." J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 (2020) 090502. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab6cf4.


A. Raja, C. C. Dickerson, S. C. Nagpure, S. Kim, C. Niu, J. Xiao, B. Liaw, E. J. Dufek, “Communication—Pressure evolution in constrained rechargeable lithium-metal pouch cells." J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 (2020) 020511. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab6439.


B. Zhang, R.B. Carlson, J.G. Smart, E.J. Dufek, B. Liaw, "Challenges of future high power wireless power transfer for light-duty electric vehicles—technology and risk management." eTransportation 2 (2019) 100012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etran.2019.100012.


A.W. Abboud, E.J. Dufek, B. Liaw, “Implications of local current density variations on lithium metal electrode affected by cathode particle size." J. Electrochem. Soc. 166 (2019) A667–A669. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0711904jes.


Z. Bao, Y. Cui, E. Dufek, J. Goodenough, P. Khalifah, Q. Li, B.Y. Liaw, A. Manthiram, Y.S. Meng, et al. “Pathways for practical high-energy long-cycling lithium metal batteries." Nat. Energy 4 (2019) 180–186. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-019-0338-x.​


B. Liaw, T.P. Barrera, D. Aurbach, “Preface—Focus Issue on Battery Safety, Reliability and Mitigation.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 (2020) 090001. [DOI: 10.1149/1945-7111/abb0f1].


Y. Luo, C. Chen, R. Kadavil, B. Liaw, E. Muljadi, X. Wu, S. Srivastava, T.M. Mosier, E.J. Dufek, “A novel algorithm for optimizing ramping capability of hybrid energy storage systems” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid. (Accepted, in production).


X. Wang, G. Pawar, Y. Li, X. Ren, M. Zhang, B. Lu, A. Banerjee, P. Liu, E. J. Dufek, J-G. Zhang, J. Xiao, J. Liu, Y. S. Meng, B. Liaw, “Glassy Li metal anode for high-performance rechargeable Li batteries.” ArXiv.org (10/25/2019), https://arxiv.org/abs/1910.11513; Nature Materials (2020) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-020-0729-1.

 

F. Wang, Z. Lin, L. Liu, X. Wei, S. Lin, L. Dai, Y. Wei, B. Liaw, C. Liang, “Does polarization increase lead to capacity fade?” J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 (2020) 090549. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab956b.


Y. Zhang, Y. Lin, L. He, V. Murugesan, G. Pawar, B.M. Sivakumar, H. Ding, D. Ding, B. Liaw, E.J. Dufek, B. Li, “Dual functional Ni3S2@Ni core-shell nanoparticles decorating nanoporous carbon as cathode scaffolds for lithium-sulfur battery with lean electrolytes.” ACS Appl. Energy Mater. 3 (2020) 4173−4179. https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsaem.0c00568.


M.J. Hossain, G. Pawar, B. Liaw, K.L. Gering, E.J. Dufek, A.C.T. van Duin, “Lithium-electrolyte solvation and reaction in the anode/electrolyte interface of a lithium ion battery: A ReaxFF reactive force field study.” J. Chem. Phys. 152 (2020) 184301. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0003333.


Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, B. Liaw, S.C. Nagpure, E.J. Dufek, C.C. Dickerson, “Cell qualification—A performance metric-based approach.” J. Phys. Energy 2 (2020) 034003. https://doi.org/10.1088/2515-7655/ab979b.


A. Raj, B. Li, B. Liaw, C.C. Dickerson, G.M. Pawar, H.-Y. Huang, S. Kim, E.J. Dufek, “Correlation of electrochemical and mechanical responses: Differential analysis of rechargeable lithium metal cells.” J. Power Sources 463 (2020) 228180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2020.228180.


X. Feng, Y. Merla, C. Weng, M. Ouyang, X. He, B.Y. Liaw, S. Santhanagopalan, X. Li, P. Liu, L. Lu, X. Han, D. Ren, Y. Wang, R. Li, C. Jin, P. Huang, M. Yi, L. Wang, Y. Zhao, Y. Patel, G. Offer, “A reliable approach of differentiating discrete sampled-data for battery diagnosis.” eTransportation 3 (2020) 100051. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etran.2020.100051.


Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, B. Liaw, S.C. Nagpure, E.J. Dufek, C.C. Dickerson, “A quantitative failure analysis on capacity fade in rechargeable lithium metal cells.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 (2020) 090502. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab6cf4.


A. Raja, C. C. Dickerson, S. C. Nagpure, S. Kim, C. Niu, J. Xiao, B. Liaw, E. J. Dufek, “Communication—Pressure evolution in constrained rechargeable lithium-metal pouch cells.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 (2020) 020511. https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab6439.


B. Zhang, R.B. Carlson, J.G. Smart, E.J. Dufek, B. Liaw, "Challenges of future high power wireless power transfer for light-duty electric vehicles—technology and risk management." eTransportation 2 (2019) 100012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etran.2019.100012.​



​Z. Bao, Y. Cui, E. Dufek, J. Goodenough, P. Khalifah, Q. Li, B.Y. Liaw, A. Manthiram, Y.S. Meng, et al. “Challenges for Building the Next Rechargeable Lithium Batteries.” Nat. Energy 4 (2019) 180–186.  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-019-0338-x.


Z. Chu, X. Feng, B. Liaw, Y. Li, L. Lu, J. Li, X. Han, M. Ouyang, "Testing lithium-ion battery with the internal reference electrode: An insight into the blocking effect." J. Electrochem. Soc. 165 (2018) A2340–3248.


S.C. Nagpure, T.R. Tanim, E.J. Dufek, V.V. Viswanathan, A.J. Crawford, S.M. Wood, J. Xiao, C.C. Dickerson, B. Liaw, “Impacts of lean electrolyte on cycle life for rechargeable Li metal batteries.” J. Power Sources 407 (2018) 53–62.


S.M. Wood, C. Fang, E.J. Dufek, S.C. Nagpure, S.V. Sazhin, B. Liaw, Y.S. Meng, “Predicting calendar aging in lithium metal secondary batteries: The impacts of solid electrolyte interphase composition and stability.“ Adv. Energy Mater. (2018) 1801427.


T.R. Tanim, M.G. Shirk, R.L. Bewley, E.J. Dufek, B.Y. Liaw, “Fast charge implications: Pack and cell analysis and comparison.” J. Power Sources 381 (2018) 56–65.


D. Anseán, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, V.M. García, J.C. Viera, M. González, “Operando lithium plating quantification and early detection of a commercial LiFePO4 cell cycled under dynamic driving schedule.” J. Power Sources 356 (2017) 36–46.


Z. Li, J. Huang, B.Y. Liaw, J. Zhang, “On state-of-charge determination for lithium-ion batteries.” J. Power Sources 348 (2017) 281–301.


Y. Liu, Z. Lou, S. Song, K. Wu, N. Wu, J. Huang, J. Zhang, B.Y. Liaw, “Electrochemical investigations on the degradation mechanism of lithium-ion power battery with LiMn2O4 + LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 blended positive electrode.” J. Automotive Safety and Energy 7 (2016) 313–321.


A. Devie, M. Dubarry, H-P. Wu, T-H. Wu, B.Y. Liaw, “Overcharge study in Li4Ti5O12 based lithium-ion pouch cell II. Experimental investigation of the degradation mechanism.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 163 (2016) A2611–2617.


D. Anseán, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, V.M. García, J.C. Viera, M. González, “Fast charging technique for high power LiFePO4 batteries: a mechanistic analysis of aging.” J. Power Sources 321 (2016) 201–209.


M. Provera, Z. Han, K. Honda, B.Y. Liaw, W.W. Su, “Electrochemical power generation from culled papaya fruits.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 163 (2016) A1457–A1459.
M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, “Cell-balancing currents in parallel strings of a battery system.” J. Power Sources 321 (2016) 36–46.


L. Su, J. Zhang, J. Huang, H. Ge, Z. Li, F. Xie, B.Y. Liaw, “Path dependence of lithium ion cells aging under storage conditions.” J. Power Sources 315 (2016) 35–46.


J. Huang, Z. Li, B.Y. Liaw, J. Zhang, “Graphical analysis of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy data in Bode and Nyquist representations.” J. Power Sources 309 (2016) 82–98.


J. Huang, Z. Li, B.Y. Liaw, S. Song, N. Wu, J. Zhang, “Entropy coefficient of a blended electrode in a lithium-ion cell.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A2367–A2371.


S. Sepasi, R. Ghorbani, B.Y. Liaw, “Inline state of health estimation of lithium-ion batteries using state of charge calculation.” J. Power Sources 299 (2015) 246–254.


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, K. Gering, S. Sazhin, D. Jamison, C. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part IV. Over-discharge phenomena.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A1787–A1792.


J. Xiao, J.Z. Hu, H. Chen, M. Vijayakumar, J. Zheng, H. Pan, E.D. Walter, M. Hu, X. Deng, J. Feng, B.Y. Liaw, M. Gu, Z.D. Deng, D. Lu, S. Xu, C. Wang, J. Liu, “Following the transient reactions in lithium-sulfur batteries using an in situ nuclear magnetic resonance technique.” Nano Lett. 15 (2015) 3309−3316. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00521.


A. Devie, M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Overcharge study in Li4Ti5O12 based lithium-ion pouch cell I. Quantitative diagnosis of degradation modes.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A1033–A1040.


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, “State-of-charge determination in lithium-ion battery packs based on two-point measurements in life.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A877–A884.


B. Sun, J. Jiang, F. Zheng, W. Zhao, B.Y. Liaw, H. Ruan, Z. Han, W. Zhang, “Practical state of health estimation of power batteries based on Delphi method and grey relational grade analysis.” J. Power Sources 282 (2015) 146–157.


Q. Wang, J. Zheng, E. Walter, H. Pan, D. Lv, P. Zuo, H. Chen, Z.D. Deng, B.Y. Liaw, X. Yu, X.-Q. Yang, J.-G. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Xiao, “Direct observation of sulfur radicals as reaction media in lithium sulfur batteries.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A474–A478.


Z. Guo, B.Y. Liaw, X. Qiu, L. Gao, C. Zhang, “Optimal charging method for lithium ion batteries using a universal voltage protocol accommodating aging.” J. Power Sources 274 (2015) 957–964. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.10.185)


M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, “The value of battery diagnostics and prognostics” J. Energy Power Sources 1 (2014) 242–249.


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, “Cell degradation in commercial LiFePO4 cells with high-power and high-energy designs” J. Power Sources 258 (2014) 408–419. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.02.052)


C. Truchot, M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “State-of-charge estimation and uncertainty for lithium-ion battery strings.” Appl. Energy 119 (2014) 218–227.


S. Sepasi, R. Ghorbani, B.Y. Liaw, “Improved extended Kalman filter for state of charge estimation of battery pack,” J. Power Sources 255 (2014) 368–376. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.12.093)


Z. Li, J. Huang, B.Y. Liaw, V. Metzler, J. Zhang, “A review of lithium deposition in lithium-ion and lithium metal secondary batteries,” J. Power Sources 254 (2014) 168–182. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.12.099)


Z. Guo, X. Qiu, G. Hou, B.Y. Liaw, C. Zhang, “State of health estimation for lithium ion batteries based on charging curves,” J. Power Sources 249 (2014) 457–462. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.114)


R. Eustis, T.M. Tsang, B. Yang, D.M. Scott, B.Y. Liaw, “Seeking effective dyes as mediators for a reducing-sugar-air alkaline battery/fuel cell” J. Power Sources 248 (2014) 1133–1140. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.022)


S. Sepasi, R. Ghorbani, B.Y. Liaw, “A novel on-board state-of-charge estimation method for aged Li-ion batteries based on model adaptive extended Kalman filter” J. Power Sources 245 (2014) 337–344. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.06.108)


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, “Synthesize battery degradation modes via a diagnostic and prognostic model,” J. Power Sources 219 (2012) 204–216. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.07.016)


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K. Gering, S. Sazhin, D. Jamison, C. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle applications. Part III. Aging through temperature excursions,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 160 (2012) A191–A199.


M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, M-S. Chen, S-S. Chyan, K-C. Han, W-T. Sie, S-H. Wu, “Identifying battery aging mechanisms in large format Li ion cells,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3420–3425. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.07.029)


M. Cugnet, B.Y. Liaw, “Effect of discharge rate on charging a lead-acid battery simulated by mathematical model,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3414–3419. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.07.089)


K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, M. Cugnet, “Investigation of path dependence in commercial lithium-ion cells chosen for plug-in hybrid vehicle duty cycle protocols,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3395–3403. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.05.058)


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, M. Cugnet, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part I. Initial characterizations,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 10328–10335. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.077)


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part II. Degradation mechanism under 2C cycle aging,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 10336–10343. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.078)


D.M. Scott, T.H. Tsang, L. Chetty, S. Aloi, B.Y. Liaw, “Mechanistic understanding of monosaccharide-air flow battery electrochemistry,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 10556-10562. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.082)


M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, “Origins and accommodation of cell variations in Li-ion battery pack modeling,” Int. J. Energy Res. 34 (2010) 216–231.
B.Y. Liaw, “Tackle hurdles in battery technology emerging in future smart applications,” Electrochemistry 78 (2010) 317.


M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, “From single cell model to battery pack simulation for Li-ion batteries,” J. Power Sources 186 (2009) 500–507. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.10.051)


D. Scott, B.Y. Liaw, “Harnessing electric power from monosaccharides ― A carbohydrate-air alkaline fuel cell mediated by redox dyes,” Energy Environ. Sci. 2 (2009) 965–969.


M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Identify capacity fading mechanism in a commercial LiFePO4 Cell,” J. Power Sources 194 (2009) 541–549. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.05.036)


M.J. Cooney, C. Lau, M. Windmeisser, B.Y. Liaw, T. Klotzbach, S.D. Minteer, “Design of chitosan gel pore structure: towards enzyme catalyzed flow-through electrodes,” J. Mat. Chem. 18 (2008) 667.


D.M. Sun, D. Scott, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, “A potential reconstitution platform for PQQ-dependent apo-enzymes,” Electrochem. Solid State Lett. 11 (2008) B101.


V. Svoboda, M. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, S. Minteer, E. Piles, D. Lehnert, S. Calabrese Barton, R. Rincon, P. Atanassov, “Standardized characterization of electrocatalytic electrodes,” Electroanalysis 20 (2008) 1099.


V. Svoboda, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ transient study of polymer nano-film growth via simultaneous correlation of charge, mass, and ellipsometric measurements,” Pure Applied Chem. 80 (2008) 2439–2449.


D. Scott, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, “Sustainable current generation from the ammonia - polypyrrole interaction,” J. Mat. Chem. 18 (2008) 3216–3222.


J.C. Viera, M. González, B.Y. Liaw, F.J. Ferrero, J.C. Álvarez, J.C. Campo, C. Blanco, “Characterization of 109 Ah Ni–MH batteries charging with hydrogen sensing termination,” J. Power Sources 171 (2007) 1040–1045. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.05.101)


V. Svoboda, M.J. Cooney, C. Rippolz, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ characterization of electrochemical polymerization of methylene green on platinum electrodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154 (2007) D113–116.


M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Capacity and power fading mechanism identification from a commercial cell evaluation,” J. Power Sources 165 (2007) 566–572. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.10.046)


M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Capacity loss in rechargeable lithium cells during cycle life testing: The importance of determining state-of-charge,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 1121–1125. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.185)


M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Development of a universal modeling tool for rechargeable lithium batteries,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 856–860. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.157)


M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “A roadmap to understand battery performance in electric and hybrid vehicle operation,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 366–372. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.237)


B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, “From driving cycle analysis to understanding battery performance in real-life electric hybrid vehicle operation,” in the Special Issue on Hybrid Electric Vehicles, J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 76–88. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.010)


S.D. Minteer, B.Y. Liaw, M.J. Cooney, “Enzyme-based biofuel cells,” Current Opinion in Biotechnology (invited) 18 (2007) 228–234.


P. Atanassov, C. Apblett, S. Banta, S. Brozik, S. Calabrese Barton, M. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, S. Mukerjee, S.D. Minteer, “Enzymatic biofuel cell,” Interface 16 (2007) 28–31.


M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, T. Quinn, “Vehicle evaluation, battery modeling, and fleet-testing experiences in Hawaii: A roadmap to understanding evaluation data and simulation,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 5 (2007) 1033−1042.


W. Johnston, N. Maynard, B.Y. Liaw, M.J. Cooney, “In situ measurement of activity and mass transfer effects in enzyme immobilized electrodes,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology 39 (2006) 131.


D.M. Jenkins, B. Chami, M. Kreuzer, G. Presting, A.M. Alvarez, B.Y. Liaw, “Hybridization probe for femtomolar quantification of selected nucleic acid sequences on a disposable electrode,” Anal. Chem. 78 (2006) 2314.


M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Incremental capacity analysis and close-to-equilibrium OCV measurements to quantify capacity fade in commercial rechargeable lithium batteries,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9 (2006) A454–457.


A., Konash, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, D.M. Jameson, “Characterization of enzyme-polymer interaction using fluorescence,” J. Materials Chem. 16 (2006) 4107.


W.A. Johnston, B.Y. Liaw, R. Sapra, M.W.W. Adams, M.J. Cooney, “Design and characterization of redox enzyme electrodes: New perspectives on established techniques with application to an extremeophilic hydrogenase,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology 36 (2005) 540.


B.Y. Liaw, R.G. Jungst, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, D.H. Doughty, “Modeling capacity fade in lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 140 (2005) 157.


M. Dubarry, M. Bonnet, B. Dailliez, A. Teeters, B.Y. Liaw, “Analysis of electric vehicle usage of a Hyundai Santa Fe fleet in Hawaii,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 3 (2005) 657-663.


H. Wenzl, I. Baring-Gould, R. Kaiser, B.Y. Liaw, P. Lundsager, J. Manwell, A. Ruddell, V. Svoboda, “Life prediction of batteries for selecting the technically most suitable and cost effective battery,” J. Power Sources 144 (2005) 373.


X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Self-discharge and charge retention in AB2-based Ni-MH batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 151 (2004) A137.


X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Numerical simulation on fast charging Ni-MH traction batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 151 (2004) A265.


B.Y. Liaw, G. Nagasubramanian, R.G. Jungst, D.H. Doughty, “Modeling of lithium ion cells,” Solid State Ionics 175 (2004) 835.


B.Y. Liaw, “Fuzzy-logic based driving pattern recognition for driving cycle analysis,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 2 (2004) 551.


R.G. Jungst, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, B.Y. Liaw, A. Urbina, T.L. Paez, D.H. Doughty, “Accelerated calendar and pulse life analysis of lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 119-121 (2003) 870.


B.Y. Liaw, R.G. Jungst, E.P. Roth, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, D.H. Doughty, “Correlation of Arrhenius behaviors on power and capacity fades, impedance, and static heat generation in lithium ion cells,” J. Power Sources 119-121 (2003) 874–886. (doi:10.1016/S0378-7753(03)00196-4)


A. Urbina, T.L. Paez, R.G. Jungst, B.Y. Liaw, “Inductive modeling of lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 110 (2002) 430.


B.Y. Liaw, K.P. Bethune, X.G. Yang, “Advanced integrated battery testing and simulation,” J. Power Sources 110 (2002) 330–340. (PII: S0378-7753(02)00195-7)


B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, “Reliable fast charge of nickel metal hydride batteries,” Solid State Ionics 152-153 (2002) 51.


B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, K. Bethune, “Integrated battery simulation and characterization,” Solid State Ionics 152-153 (2002) 217.


T. Quinn, B.Y. Liaw, “Electric vehicle rapid charging infrastructure in Hawaii,” SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-1606, IEEE Transactions J. Engines (2001).


X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Charge performance of a commercial nickel metal hydride EV battery system,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 148 (2001) A1023.


X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Rapid charge of traction nickel metal hydride batteries,” J. Power Sources 101 (2001) 158.


X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ electrochemical investigations of the kinetic and thermodynamic properties of nickel-metal hydride traction batteries,” J. Power Sources 102 (2001) 186.


B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, “Limiting process and mechanism in rapid charging Ni-MH cells,” Electrochimica Acta 47 (2001) 875.


W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, S.M. Li, M.M. Geng, B.Y. Liaw, “Modeling discharge and charge characteristics of nickel-metal hydride batteries,” Electrochimica Acta 44 (1999) 4525.


W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “The use of computer simulation in the evaluation of electric vehicle batteries,” J. Power Sources 75 (1998) 151.


C.Y. Wang, W.B. Gu, B.Y. Liaw, “Micro-macroscopic coupled modeling of batteries and fuel cells, I. model development,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145 (1998) 3407.


W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “Micro-macroscopic coupled modeling of batteries and fuel cells, II. Application to nickel-cadmium and nickel-metal hydride cells,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145 (1998) 3418.


W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “Numerical modeling of coupled electrochemical and transport processes in lead-acid batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 144 (1997) 2053.


B.Y. Liaw, R.E. Rocheleau, Q-H. Gao, “Thin film yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia,” Solid State Ionics 92 (1996) 85.


B.Y. Liaw, G. Deublein, R.A. Huggins, “Electrochemical studies of kinetic properties of titanium- and vanadium-hydrogen systems at intermediate temperatures using molten salt techniques,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 142 (1995) 2196.


B.Y. Liaw, Y. Ding, “Charging hydrogen into Ni in hydride-containing molten salts,” Trans. Fusion Tech. 26 (1994) 63.


X.Z. Li, G.S. Huang, D.W. Mo, B.Y. Liaw, “The analysis of the neutron emission from the glow discharge in deuterium gas tube and the gas loading in palladium,” Trans. Fusion Tech. 26 (1994) 384.


B.Y. Liaw, P-L Tao, B.E. Liebert, “Helium analysis of palladium electrodes after molten-salt electrolysis,” Fusion Technology 23 (1993) 92.


B.Y. Liaw, J. Liu, A. Menne, W. Weppner, “Kinetic principles for new types of solid state ionic gas sensors,” Solid State Ionics 53-56 (1992) 18.


B.Y. Liaw, G. Deublein, R.A. Huggins, “Investigation of thermodynamic properties of the Ti-H system using molten salt electrolytes containing hydride ions,” J. Alloys and Compounds 189 (1992) 175.


B.Y. Liaw, P-L. Tao, P. Turner, B.E. Liebert, “Elevated-temperature excess heat production in the Pd-D system,” J. Electroanal. Chem. 319 (1991) 161; err. 332 (1992) 371.


B.Y. Liaw, I.D. Raistrick, R.A. Huggins, “Thermodynamic and structural considerations of insertion reactions in lithium vanadium bronze structures,” Solid State Ionics 45 (1991) 323.


B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, “Low temperature limiting-current oxygen sensors based on tetragonal zirconia polycrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 138 (1991) 2478.


B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, “Low temperature limiting-current oxygen sensors using tetragonal zirconia as solid electrolytes,” Solid State Ionics 40/41 (1990) 428.


B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Demonstration of a composite solid/liquid/ solid electrolyte configuration for hydrogen-related applications,” Z. Chem. Phys. N. F. 164 (1989) 1533.


B.Y. Liaw, S.W. Orchard, C. Kutal, “Photobehavior of copper(I) compounds. 4. Role of the triplet-state of (arylphosphine)-copper(I) complexes in the photosensitized isomerization of dienes,” Inorg. Chem. 27(8) (1988) 1309.


G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Controlled electrolyte environments and their use for studying and modifying materials properties; potentials for employment in practical devices,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1078.


G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Hydrogen-conducting electrolyte configurations,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1084.


G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Novel electrochemical hydrogen sensors for use at elevated temperatures,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1660.


B.Y. Liaw, I.D. Raistrick, R.A. Huggins, “The thermodynamics and kinetics of the gamma-lithium vanadium bronze structure,” Solid State Ionics 18/19 (1986) 828.

Editorship

06/20 Guest Editor, Focus Issue on Battery Reliability, Safety and Mitigation, Journal of the Electrochemical Society.


01/19 Editorial Advisory Board, eTransportation, Elsevier. 


04/15 – 09/17 Associate Editor. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. The Electrochemical Society.


2013 – present Editorial Advisory Board, Ionics, Springer Nature.


2009 – 2010 Guest Editor, Proceedings of International Battery Association-Pacific Power Source Symposium 2010, as a special volume in the Journal of Power Sources.


2006 – 2007 Guest Editor, Proceedings of International Battery Association-Hawaii Battery Conference 2006, published as a special volume in the Journal of Power Sources.


2006 – present Assoc. Editor. Journal of Asian Electric Vehicles.​​

Patents:


Presentations:


Awards:

​2​​​​020: Technology Award, International Battery Materials Association (IBA).


2019: Asian American Engineer of the Year. 


2016: Fellow. The Electrochemical Society.


2015: International Battery Association Service Award.


Version: 30.0
Created at 7/20/2016 11:47 AM by Phyllis L. King
Last modified at 1/19/2022 12:51 PM by rachel.foist@inl.gov