Profile Picture

Boryann Liaw, Ph.D.

Directorate Fellow

Research Areas:


Dr. Boryann Liaw currently is a Directorate Fellow at Idaho National Laboratory (INL). He joined INL in May 2016 as Department Manager of Energy Storage and Advanced Vehicles. The department operates Battery Technology Center (BTC), Non-destructive Battery Laboratory for Evaluation (NOBLE), and Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Laboratory (EVIL) with facility and a wide range of testing capabilities to conduct performance, reliability, safety, and failure analyses of energy storage systems, advanced vehicles, charging devices and infrastructure, grid and behind-the-meter storage, and cybersecurity studies. Since early 1990s, Dr. Liaw has been involved in R&D activities comprising laboratory and real-life battery and vehicle testing, data collection and analysis, battery modeling and simulation, battery performance and life prediction, battery fast charging technology development, and battery failure mode and effect analyses. Before joining INL, Dr. Liaw was a faculty member at University of Hawaii at Manoa for 28 years, co-founder of Ambient Micro and founder of High Power Research Laboratory. He received his bachelor’s in chemistry from National Tsinghua University in Taiwan, his master’s in chemistry from University of Georgia, and doctorate in materials science and engineering from Stanford University. Dr. Liaw is a Fellow of the Electrochemical Society, actively involving in professional services which include membership in several editorial boards, executive boards and associate editorships. He is past President of International Battery Materials Association (IBA) and serves as scientific advisors for several international and national programs including Department of Energy’s Energy Frontier Research Center at Stony Brook University. His recent accomplishments include Asian American Engineer of the Year (2019) and IBA Technology Award (2020).


​Ph.D., Materials Science and Engineering - Stanford University

M.S., Chemistry -  University of Georgia

B.S., Chemistry - National Tsing-Hua University



C.-M. Lin, C.-F. Chang, W.-C. Hsieh, C.-W. Chang, Y. Zheng, S.-W. Yeh, C.-J. Su, Y.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Yu, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Kei, C.-H. Liao, K. S. Huang, K. T. Huang, D. Chen, W.-K. Chu, L.-W. Tu, P. V. Wadekar, T.-C. Leung, H.-W. Seo, B.-Y. Liaw, Q. Y. Chen, “Electrically tunable bandgaps for g-ZnO/ZnX (X =S, Se, Te) 2D semiconductor bilayers." Vaccum 192 (2021) 110386.

C. Fang, B. Lu, G. Pawar, M. Zhang, D. Cheng, S. Chen, M. Ceja, J.-M. Doux, M. Cai, B. Liaw, Y. S. Meng, “Pressure-tailored highly-reversible lithium metal electrode for rechargeable lithium batteries." Nat. Energy 6 (2021) 987–994.

Z. Fang, M. Confer, Y. Wang, Q. Wang, M. R. Kunz, E. J. Dufek, B. Liaw, T. Klein, D. Dixon, R. Fushimi, “Formation of surface impurities on lithium-nickel-manganese-cobalt oxides in the presence of CO2 and H2O." J. Am. Chem. Soc. 143 (2021) 10261–10274.

Y. Luo, C. Chen, R. Kadavil, B. Liaw, E. Muljadi, X. Wu, S. Srivastava, T.M. Mosier, E.J. Dufek, “A novel framework for optimizing ramping capability of hybrid energy storage systems." IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid 12 (2021) 1651–1662. doi:10.1109/TSG.2020.3023712

G. S. Mattei, Z. Li, A. A. Corrao, C. Niu, Y. Zhang, B. Liaw, C. C. Dickerson, J. Xiao, E. J. Dufek, P. G. Khalifah, “High-energy lateral mapping (HELM) studies of inhomogeneity and failure mechanisms in NMC622/Li pouch cells." Chem. Mater. 33 (2021) 2378–2386.

Y. Zhang, R. Nguyen, B. Liaw, “Status and gaps in Li-ion battery supply chain: Importance of quantitative failure analysis." Special Issue on Electric and Hybrid Vehicles (Invited), eds. T. Mi, et al., Proceedings of the IEEE 109 (2021) 1029–1038. DOI:10.1109/JPROC.2020.3047880.

N. Gao, B. Li, E. J. Dufek, A. W. Abboud, G. Mattei, P. Khalifah, Z. Li, B. Liaw, C. Fang, Y.S. Meng, “Fast diagnosis of failure mechanisms and lifetime prediction of Li metal batteries." Small Methods (2020) 2000807. doi:10.1002/smtd.202000807.

B. Liaw, T.P. Barrera, D. Aurbach, “Preface—Focus Issue on Battery Safety, Reliability and Mitigation." J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 (2020) 090001. doi:10.1149/1945-7111/abb0f1.

 X. Wang, G. Pawar, Y. Li, X. Ren, M. Zhang, B. Lu, A. Banerjee, P. Liu, E. J. Dufek, J-G. Zhang, J. Xiao, J. Liu, Y. S. Meng, B. Liaw, “Glassy Li metal anode for high-performance rechargeable Li batteries." Nat. Mater. 19 (2020) 1339–1345. [ (10/25/2019),]

F. Wang, Z. Lin, L. Liu, X. Wei, S. Lin, L. Dai, Y. Wei, B. Liaw, C. Liang, “Does polarization increase lead to capacity fade?" J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 (2020) 090549.

Y. Zhang, Y. Lin, L. He, V. Murugesan, G. Pawar, B.M. Sivakumar, H. Ding, D. Ding, B. Liaw, E.J. Dufek, B. Li, “Dual functional Ni3S2@Ni core-shell nanoparticles decorating nanoporous carbon as cathode scaffolds for lithium-sulfur battery with lean electrolytes." ACS Appl. Energy Mater. 3 (2020) 4173−4179.

M.J. Hossain, G. Pawar, B. Liaw, K.L. Gering, E.J. Dufek, A.C.T. van Duin, “Lithium-electrolyte solvation and reaction in the anode/electrolyte interface of a lithium ion battery: A ReaxFF reactive force field study." J. Chem. Phys. 152 (2020) 184301.

Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, B. Liaw, S.C. Nagpure, E.J. Dufek, C.C. Dickerson, “Cell qualification—A performance metric-based approach." J. Phys. Energy 2 (2020) 034003.

A. Raj, B. Li, B. Liaw, C.C. Dickerson, G.M. Pawar, H.-Y. Huang, S. Kim, E.J. Dufek, “Correlation of electrochemical and mechanical responses: Differential analysis of rechargeable lithium metal cells." J. Power Sources 463 (2020) 228180.​

X. Feng, Y. Merla, C. Weng, M. Ouyang, X. He, B.Y. Liaw, S. Santhanagopalan, X. Li, P. Liu, L. Lu, X. Han, D. Ren, Y. Wang, R. Li, C. Jin, P. Huang, M. Yi, L. Wang, Y. Zhao, Y. Patel, G. Offer, “A reliable approach of differentiating discrete sampled-data for battery diagnosis." eTransportation 3 (2020) 100051.

Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, B. Liaw, S.C. Nagpure, E.J. Dufek, C.C. Dickerson, “A quantitative failure analysis on capacity fade in rechargeable lithium metal cells." J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 (2020) 090502.

A. Raja, C. C. Dickerson, S. C. Nagpure, S. Kim, C. Niu, J. Xiao, B. Liaw, E. J. Dufek, “Communication—Pressure evolution in constrained rechargeable lithium-metal pouch cells." J. Electrochem. Soc. 167 (2020) 020511.

B. Zhang, R.B. Carlson, J.G. Smart, E.J. Dufek, B. Liaw, "Challenges of future high power wireless power transfer for light-duty electric vehicles—technology and risk management." eTransportation 2 (2019) 100012.

A.W. Abboud, E.J. Dufek, B. Liaw, “Implications of local current density variations on lithium metal electrode affected by cathode particle size." J. Electrochem. Soc. 166 (2019) A667–A669.

Z. Bao, Y. Cui, E. Dufek, J. Goodenough, P. Khalifah, Q. Li, B.Y. Liaw, A. Manthiram, Y.S. Meng, et al. “Pathways for practical high-energy long-cycling lithium metal batteries." Nat. Energy 4 (2019) 180–186.​


06/20 Guest Editor, Focus Issue on Battery Reliability, Safety and Mitigation, Journal of the Electrochemical Society.

01/19 Editorial Advisory Board, eTransportation, Elsevier. 

04/15 – 09/17 Associate Editor. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. The Electrochemical Society.

2013 – present Editorial Advisory Board, Ionics, Springer Nature.

2009 – 2010 Guest Editor, Proceedings of International Battery Association-Pacific Power Source Symposium 2010, as a special volume in the Journal of Power Sources.

2006 – 2007 Guest Editor, Proceedings of International Battery Association-Hawaii Battery Conference 2006, published as a special volume in the Journal of Power Sources.

2006 – present Assoc. Editor. Journal of Asian Electric Vehicles.​​


B. Liaw, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, “Energy storage cell qualification and related systems, methods, and devices." U.S. Patent Application 17/149,046, January 14, 2021.

B. Liaw, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, “Electrochemical analytic diagnosis for battery cell qualification." Provisional U.S. patent application No. 62/961,096, January 14, 2020.

D. Scott, B.Y. Liaw, “Carbohydrate anode for fuel cell and battery applications." U.S. Patent 8,846,266 B2, September 30, 2014.

M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, C. Truchot, “Synthesize Battery Degradation Modes via a Diagnostic and Prognostic Model." Provisional application # 61/652,062, May 25, 2012. 

B.Y. Liaw, D. Scott, “Systems and methods for carbohydrate detection." Prov. Appl. # 61/279,896, October 26, 2009; U.S. Application 12/912,700, October 26, 2010; Pub. # US 2011/0127172 A1, June 2, 2011.

D. Scott, B.Y. Liaw, “Sustainable Current Generation from the Ammonia-Polypyrrole Interaction." U.S. Provisional Pattern application, April 7, 2008.

B.Y. Liaw, “Intelligent Prediction of Battery Service Life and Performance." US Prov. Appl. # 60/634,521, December 9, 2004.

B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, “Pressure-Based Battery Charging." U.S. Patent 6,437,542, August 20, 2002; Reissue US Appl. # 10/923,563, August 20, 2004. 


B. Liaw, “Lithium metal nucleation and growth on conductive substrates— a multi-scale understanding from micro, meso, to macro-scales." Symposium E02 - Nucleation and Growth: Measurements, Processes, and Materials, the 241st Electrochemical Society Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada, May 29–June 2, 2022.

B. Liaw, “Tracking lithium inventory vs. capacity – New perspective." International Battery Seminar & Exhibit, Orlando, FL, March 28–31, 2022.

M. Li, C. Fang, Y. Zhang, B. Lu, Y.S. Meng, G. Pawar, Y. Lin, B. Liaw*, “Can fast charging rechargeable lithium batteries be a reality?" Symposium A02 – LIBs Fast Charging, 239th Electrochemical Society Meeting, May 30–June 3, 2021.

Y. Zhang, B. Liaw,* E. J. Dufek, B. Li, “First cycle capacity loss of Li–NMC 811 Cells −− A close look from electrochemical diagnostic analysis." A special seminar presented to GM Warren Technical Center, March 2, 2021.

Y. Zhang, B. Liaw*, E. J. Dufek, B. Li, “Tracking rechargeable Li battery cell degradation through quantifiable capacity fade modes from formation to cycle aging." Presented in 2021 IAPG Chemical Working Group (CWG) Safety Panel Virtual Meetings, February 19, 2021.

B. Liaw, et al., “Quantitative cell qualification to enable long life rechargeable Li metal batteries." 2020 IBA Technology Award presentation. (Virtual) International Battery Association meeting 2020 (IBA-2020), November 17–18, 2020.

B. Liaw, “INL's battery diagnostic and prognostic approach for failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA)―Identify cell quality through better qualification," Battery Safety Council Forum 9 (virtual meeting), November 17–18, 2020.

Y. Zhang, B. Liaw*, E.J. Dufek, B. Li, “How well cathode materials are being used in rechargeable Li batteries?" PRiME 2020, the 238th Electrochemical Society meeting, A-01-0034, Symposium of Intercalation Chemistry for Electrochemical Energy Storage Technologies: In Honor of M. Stanley Whittingham. October 4–9, 2020.

B. Liaw, “Lithium metal electrode―Stability, reversibility, and durability." Li Metal Electrode Characterization and Modeling Workshop, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, February 13, 2020.

B. Liaw, “From battery failure analysis to life prediction." Presented in the Battery Innovation Summit, NAATBatt Annual Meeting and Conference 2020, Pasadena, CA, February 12, 2020.

B. Liaw, “Quantify rechargeable Li metal cell performance through failure analysis and multi-scale modeling." Department of NanoEngineering seminar, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, November 27, 2019.

Y. Zhang, B. Liaw, “From battery failure analysis to safety mitigation." Battery Safety Council Forum #8, Washington, DC, November 19–20, 2019.

B. Liaw, "Lithium metal electrode — Understanding its characteristics." Department of Chemistry Seminar, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, November 11, 2019.

B. Liaw*, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, E.J. Dufek, B. Li, G. Pawar, N. Gao, S. Kim, "Failure mode and effect analysis for rechargeable lithium battery safety." The Third International Battery Safety Workshop (IBSW-2019), Beijing, China, October 8, 2019.

B. Liaw, "Battery technology and safety." 2019 CIE/USA-DFW and AAEOY International Technology & Leadership Conference (ITLC), Dallas, TX, August 17, 2019.

B. Liaw, "Can failure mode and effect analysis redefine battery safety?" GM Warren Technical Center, Warren, MI, March 26, 2019.

G. Pawar, X. Wang, A. Abboud, E.J. Dufek, Y.S. Meng, B. Liaw*, "Lithium plating –understanding of a very complicated phenomenon." International Battery Association meeting 2019, Scripps Seaside Forum, La Jolla, CA, March 4, 2019.​


​2​​​​020: Technology Award, International Battery Materials Association (IBA).

2019: Asian American Engineer of the Year. 

2016: Fellow. The Electrochemical Society.

2015: International Battery Association Service Award.

Version: 33.0
Created at 7/20/2016 11:47 AM by Phyllis L. King
Last modified at 3/2/2022 3:53 PM by