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Researcher

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Boryann Liaw, Ph.D.

Department Manager, Energy Storage and Advanced Vehicles

Research Areas:
Advanced Vehicles; Energy Storage; Bioenergy Technologies; Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

Biography:
Dr. Bor Yann Liaw is manager of the Energy Storage and Advanced Vehicles Department at Idaho National Laboratory. Before joining INL, Dr. Liaw was a specialist and tenured faculty member at the Hawaii Natural Energy Institute of the University of Hawaii at Manoa. At HNEI, he focused on advanced power source systems for vehicle and energy storage applications. He received his bachelor’s in chemistry from the National Tsinghua University in Taiwan, his master’s in chemistry from the University of Georgia, and his doctorate in materials science and engineering from Stanford University. He conducted his post-doctoral fellowship research at the Max-Plank Institute of Solid State Research in Stuttgart, Germany. For the past three decades, Dr. Liaw has been involved in R&D projects related to electric and hybrid vehicle evaluation and advanced battery diagnostics and prognostics. His major research activities comprise laboratory and real-life battery and vehicle testing, data collection and analysis, battery modeling and simulation, battery performance and life prediction, battery rapid charging technology development, and battery diagnoses and prognoses. He also expanded his endeavors to bio-fuel cells, including sugar-air alkaline battery development, and transforming ambient energy resources into useful power sources for portable or stationary applications. Dr. Liaw has co-authored more than 150 technical papers, seven book chapters, and eight patents and patent applications. He is currently an associate editor for the Journal of Electrochemical Society and a Fellow of the Electrochemical Society.

Education:

​Ph.D., Materials Science and Engineering - Stanford University

M.S., Chemistry -  University of Georgia

B.S., Chemistry - National Tsing-Hua University

Publications:

Journal Publications

D. Anseán, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, V.M. García, J.C. Viera, M. González, “Operando lithium plating quantification and early detection of a commercial LiFePO4 cell cycled under dynamic driving schedule.” J. Power Sources 356 (2017) 36–46.

 

Z. Li, J. Huang, B.Y. Liaw, J. Zhang, “On state-of-charge determination for lithium-ion batteries.” J. Power Sources 348 (2017) 281–301.

 

Y. Liu, Z. Lou, S. Song, K. Wu, N. Wu, J. Huang, J. Zhang, B.Y. Liaw, “Electrochemical investigations on the degradation mechanism of lithium-ion power battery with LiMn2O4 + LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 blended positive electrode.” J. Automotive Safety and Energy 7 (2016) 313–321.

 

A. Devie, M. Dubarry, H-P. Wu, T-H. Wu, B.Y. Liaw, “Overcharge study in Li4Ti5O12 based lithium-ion pouch cell II. Experimental investigation of the degradation mechanism.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 163 (2016) A2611–2617.

 

D. Anseán, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, V.M. García, J.C. Viera, M. González, “Fast charging technique for high power LiFePO4 batteries: a mechanistic analysis of aging.” J. Power Sources 321 (2016) 201–209.


M. Provera1, Z. Han, K. Honda, B.Y. Liaw, W.W. Su, “Electrochemical power generation from culled papaya fruits.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 163 (2016) A1457–A1459.


M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, “Cell-balancing currents in parallel strings of a battery system.” J. Power Sources 321 (2016) 36–46.


L. Su, J. Zhang, J. Huang, H. Ge, Z. Li, F. Xie, B.Y. Liaw, “Path dependence of lithium ion cells aging under storage conditions.” J. Power Sources 315 (2016) 35–46.


J. Huang, Z. Li, B.Y. Liaw, J. Zhang, “Graphical analysis of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy data in Bode and Nyquist representations.” J. Power Sources 309 (2016) 82–98.


J. Huang, Z. Li, B.Y. Liaw, S. Song, N. Wu, J. Zhang, “Entropy coefficient of a blended electrode in a lithium-ion cell.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A2367–A2371.


S. Sepasi, R. Ghorbani, B.Y. Liaw, “Inline state of health estimation of lithium-ion batteries using state of charge calculation.” J. Power Sources 299 (2015) 246–254.


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, K. Gering, S. Sazhin, D. Jamison, C. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part IV. Over-discharge phenomena.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A1787–A1792.


J. Xiao, J.Z. Hu, H. Chen, M. Vijayakumar, J. Zheng, H. Pan, E.D. Walter, M. Hu, X. Deng, J. Feng, B.Y. Liaw, M. Gu, Z.D. Deng, D. Lu, S. Xu, C. Wang, J. Liu, “Following the transient reactions in lithium-sulfur batteries using an in situ nuclear magnetic resonance technique.” Nano Lett. 15 (2015) 3309−3316. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00521.


A. Devie, M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Overcharge study in Li4Ti5O12 based lithium-ion pouch cell I. Quantitative diagnosis of degradation modes.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A1033–A1040.


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, “State-of-charge determination in lithium-ion battery packs based on two-point measurements in life.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A877–A884.


B. Sun, J. Jiang, F. Zheng, W. Zhao, B.Y. Liaw, H. Ruan, Z. Han, W. Zhang, “Practical state of health estimation of power batteries based on Delphi method and grey relational grade analysis.” J. Power Sources 282 (2015) 146–157.


Q. Wang, J. Zheng, E. Walter, H. Pan, D. Lv, P. Zuo, H. Chen, Z.D. Deng, B.Y. Liaw, X. Yu, X.-Q. Yang, J.-G. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Xiao, “Direct observation of sulfur radicals as reaction media in lithium sulfur batteries.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A474–A478.


Z. Guo, B.Y. Liaw, X. Qiu, L. Gao, C. Zhang, “Optimal charging method for lithium ion batteries using a universal voltage protocol accommodating aging.” J. Power Sources 274 (2015) 957–964. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.10.185)


M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, “The value of battery diagnostics and prognostics” J. Energy Power Sources 1 (2014) 242–249.


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, “Cell degradation in commercial LiFePO4 cells with high-power and high-energy designs” J. Power Sources 258 (2014) 408–419. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.02.052)


C. Truchot, M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “State-of-charge estimation and uncertainty for lithium-ion battery strings.” Appl. Energy 119 (2014) 218–227.


S. Sepasi, R. Ghorbani, B.Y. Liaw, “Improved extended Kalman filter for state of charge estimation of battery pack,” J. Power Sources 255 (2014) 368–376. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.12.093)


Z. Li, J. Huang, B.Y. Liaw, V. Metzler, J. Zhang, “A review of lithium deposition in lithium-ion and lithium metal secondary batteries,” J. Power Sources 254 (2014) 168–182. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.12.099)


Z. Guo, X. Qiu, G. Hou, B.Y. Liaw, C. Zhang, “State of health estimation for lithium ion batteries based on charging curves,” J. Power Sources 249 (2014) 457–462. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.114)


R. Eustis, T.M. Tsang, B. Yang, D.M. Scott, B.Y. Liaw, “Seeking effective dyes as mediators for a reducing-sugar-air alkaline battery/fuel cell” J. Power Sources 248 (2014) 1133–1140. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.022)


S. Sepasi, R. Ghorbani, B.Y. Liaw, “A novel on-board state-of-charge estimation method for aged Li-ion batteries based on model adaptive extended Kalman filter” J. Power Sources 245 (2014) 337–344. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.06.108)


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, “Synthesize battery degradation modes via a diagnostic and prognostic model,” J. Power Sources 219 (2012) 204–216. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.07.016)


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K. Gering, S. Sazhin, D. Jamison, C. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle applications. Part III. Aging through temperature excursions,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 160 (2012) A191–A199.


M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, M-S. Chen, S-S. Chyan, K-C. Han, W-T. Sie, S-H. Wu, “Identifying battery aging mechanisms in large format Li ion cells,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3420–3425. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.07.029)


M. Cugnet, B.Y. Liaw, “Effect of discharge rate on charging a lead-acid battery simulated by mathematical model,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3414–3419. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.07.089)


K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, M. Cugnet, “Investigation of path dependence in commercial lithium-ion cells chosen for plug-in hybrid vehicle duty cycle protocols,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3395–3403. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.05.058)


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, M. Cugnet, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part I. Initial characterizations,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 10328–10335. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.077)


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part II. Degradation mechanism under 2C cycle aging,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 10336–10343. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.078)


D.M. Scott, T.H. Tsang, L. Chetty, S. Aloi, B.Y. Liaw, “Mechanistic understanding of monosaccharide-air flow battery electrochemistry,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 10556-10562. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.082)


M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, “Origins and accommodation of cell variations in Li-ion battery pack modeling,” Int. J. Energy Res. 34 (2010) 216–231.
B.Y. Liaw, “Tackle hurdles in battery technology emerging in future smart applications,” Electrochemistry 78 (2010) 317.


M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, “From single cell model to battery pack simulation for Li-ion batteries,” J. Power Sources 186 (2009) 500–507. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.10.051)


D. Scott, B.Y. Liaw, “Harnessing electric power from monosaccharides ― A carbohydrate-air alkaline fuel cell mediated by redox dyes,” Energy Environ. Sci. 2 (2009) 965–969.


M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Identify capacity fading mechanism in a commercial LiFePO4 Cell,” J. Power Sources 194 (2009) 541–549. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.05.036)


M.J. Cooney, C. Lau, M. Windmeisser, B.Y. Liaw, T. Klotzbach, S.D. Minteer, “Design of chitosan gel pore structure: towards enzyme catalyzed flow-through electrodes,” J. Mat. Chem. 18 (2008) 667.


D.M. Sun, D. Scott, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, “A potential reconstitution platform for PQQ-dependent apo-enzymes,” Electrochem. Solid State Lett. 11 (2008) B101.


V. Svoboda, M. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, S. Minteer, E. Piles, D. Lehnert, S. Calabrese Barton, R. Rincon, P. Atanassov, “Standardized characterization of electrocatalytic electrodes,” Electroanalysis 20 (2008) 1099.


V. Svoboda, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ transient study of polymer nano-film growth via simultaneous correlation of charge, mass, and ellipsometric measurements,” Pure Applied Chem. 80 (2008) 2439–2449.


D. Scott, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, “Sustainable current generation from the ammonia - polypyrrole interaction,” J. Mat. Chem. 18 (2008) 3216–3222.


J.C. Viera, M. González, B.Y. Liaw, F.J. Ferrero, J.C. Álvarez, J.C. Campo, C. Blanco, “Characterization of 109 Ah Ni–MH batteries charging with hydrogen sensing termination,” J. Power Sources 171 (2007) 1040–1045. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.05.101)


V. Svoboda, M.J. Cooney, C. Rippolz, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ characterization of electrochemical polymerization of methylene green on platinum electrodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154 (2007) D113–116.


M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Capacity and power fading mechanism identification from a commercial cell evaluation,” J. Power Sources 165 (2007) 566–572. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.10.046)


M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Capacity loss in rechargeable lithium cells during cycle life testing: The importance of determining state-of-charge,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 1121–1125. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.185)


M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Development of a universal modeling tool for rechargeable lithium batteries,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 856–860. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.157)


M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “A roadmap to understand battery performance in electric and hybrid vehicle operation,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 366–372. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.237)


B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, “From driving cycle analysis to understanding battery performance in real-life electric hybrid vehicle operation,” in the Special Issue on Hybrid Electric Vehicles, J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 76–88. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.010)


S.D. Minteer, B.Y. Liaw, M.J. Cooney, “Enzyme-based biofuel cells,” Current Opinion in Biotechnology (invited) 18 (2007) 228–234.


P. Atanassov, C. Apblett, S. Banta, S. Brozik, S. Calabrese Barton, M. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, S. Mukerjee, S.D. Minteer, “Enzymatic biofuel cell,” Interface 16 (2007) 28–31.


M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, T. Quinn, “Vehicle evaluation, battery modeling, and fleet-testing experiences in Hawaii: A roadmap to understanding evaluation data and simulation,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 5 (2007) 1033−1042.


W. Johnston, N. Maynard, B.Y. Liaw, M.J. Cooney, “In situ measurement of activity and mass transfer effects in enzyme immobilized electrodes,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology 39 (2006) 131.


D.M. Jenkins, B. Chami, M. Kreuzer, G. Presting, A.M. Alvarez, B.Y. Liaw, “Hybridization probe for femtomolar quantification of selected nucleic acid sequences on a disposable electrode,” Anal. Chem. 78 (2006) 2314.


M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Incremental capacity analysis and close-to-equilibrium OCV measurements to quantify capacity fade in commercial rechargeable lithium batteries,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9 (2006) A454.


A., Konash, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, D.M. Jameson, “Characterization of enzyme-polymer interaction using fluorescence,” J. Materials Chem. 16 (2006) 4107.


W.A. Johnston, B.Y. Liaw, R. Sapra, M.W.W. Adams, M.J. Cooney, “Design and characterization of redox enzyme electrodes: New perspectives on established techniques with application to an extremeophilic hydrogenase,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology 36 (2005) 540.


B.Y. Liaw, R.G. Jungst, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, D.H. Doughty, “Modeling capacity fade in lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 140 (2005) 157.


M. Dubarry, M. Bonnet, B. Dailliez, A. Teeters, B.Y. Liaw, “Analysis of electric vehicle usage of a Hyundai Santa Fe fleet in Hawaii,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 3 (2005) 657-663.


H. Wenzl, I. Baring-Gould, R. Kaiser, B.Y. Liaw, P. Lundsager, J. Manwell, A. Ruddell, V. Svoboda, “Life prediction of batteries for selecting the technically most suitable and cost effective battery,” J. Power Sources 144 (2005) 373.


X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Self-discharge and charge retention in AB2-based Ni-MH batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 151 (2004) A137.


X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Numerical simulation on fast charging Ni-MH traction batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 151 (2004) A265.


B.Y. Liaw, G. Nagasubramanian, R.G. Jungst, D.H. Doughty, “Modeling of lithium ion cells,” Solid State Ionics 175 (2004) 835.


B.Y. Liaw, “Fuzzy-logic based driving pattern recognition for driving cycle analysis,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 2 (2004) 551.


R.G. Jungst, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, B.Y. Liaw, A. Urbina, T.L. Paez, D.H. Doughty, “Accelerated calendar and pulse life analysis of lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 119-121 (2003) 870.


B.Y. Liaw, R.G. Jungst, E.P. Roth, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, D.H. Doughty, “Correlation of Arrhenius behaviors on power and capacity fades, impedance, and static heat generation in lithium ion cells,” J. Power Sources 119-121 (2003) 874–886. (doi:10.1016/S0378-7753(03)00196-4)


A. Urbina, T.L. Paez, R.G. Jungst, B.Y. Liaw, “Inductive modeling of lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 110 (2002) 430.


B.Y. Liaw, K.P. Bethune, X.G. Yang, “Advanced integrated battery testing and simulation,” J. Power Sources 110 (2002) 330–340. (PII: S0378-7753(02)00195-7)


B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, “Reliable fast charge of nickel metal hydride batteries,” Solid State Ionics 152-153 (2002) 51.


B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, K. Bethune, “Integrated battery simulation and characterization,” Solid State Ionics 152-153 (2002) 217.


T. Quinn, B.Y. Liaw, “Electric vehicle rapid charging infrastructure in Hawaii,” SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-1606, IEEE Transactions J. Engines (2001).


X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Charge performance of a commercial nickel metal hydride EV battery system,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 148 (2001) A1023.


X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Rapid charge of traction nickel metal hydride batteries,” J. Power Sources 101 (2001) 158.


X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ electrochemical investigations of the kinetic and thermodynamic properties of nickel-metal hydride traction batteries,” J. Power Sources 102 (2001) 186.


B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, “Limiting process and mechanism in rapid charging Ni-MH cells,” Electrochimica Acta 47 (2001) 875.


W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, S.M. Li, M.M. Geng, B.Y. Liaw, “Modeling discharge and charge characteristics of nickel-metal hydride batteries,” Electrochimica Acta 44 (1999) 4525.


W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “The use of computer simulation in the evaluation of electric vehicle batteries,” J. Power Sources 75 (1998) 151.


C.Y. Wang, W.B. Gu, B.Y. Liaw, “Micro-macroscopic coupled modeling of batteries and fuel cells, I. model development,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145 (1998) 3407.


W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “Micro-macroscopic coupled modeling of batteries and fuel cells, II. application to nickel-cadmium and nickel-metal hydride cells,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145 (1998) 3418.


W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “Numerical modeling of coupled electrochemical and transport processes in lead-acid batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 144 (1997) 2053.


B.Y. Liaw, R.E. Rocheleau, Q-H. Gao, “Thin film yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia,” Solid State Ionics 92 (1996) 85.


B.Y. Liaw, G. Deublein, R.A. Huggins, “Electrochemical studies of kinetic properties of titanium- and vanadium-hydrogen systems at intermediate temperatures using molten salt techniques,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 142 (1995) 2196.


B.Y. Liaw, Y. Ding, “Charging hydrogen into Ni in hydride-containing molten salts,” Trans. Fusion Tech. 26 (1994) 63.


X.Z. Li, G.S. Huang, D.W. Mo, B.Y. Liaw, “The analysis of the neutron emission from the glow discharge in deuterium gas tube and the gas loading in palladium,” Trans. Fusion Tech. 26 (1994) 384.


B.Y. Liaw, P-L Tao, B.E. Liebert, “Helium analysis of palladium electrodes after molten-salt electrolysis,” Fusion Technology 23 (1993) 92.


B.Y. Liaw, J. Liu, A. Menne, W. Weppner, “Kinetic principles for new types of solid state ionic gas sensors,” Solid State Ionics 53-56 (1992) 18.


B.Y. Liaw, G. Deublein, R.A. Huggins, “Investigation of thermodynamic properties of the Ti-H system using molten salt electrolytes containing hydride ions,” J. Alloys and Compounds 189 (1992) 175.


B.Y. Liaw, P-L. Tao, P. Turner, B.E. Liebert, “Elevated-temperature excess heat production in the Pd-D system,” J. Electroanal. Chem. 319 (1991) 161; err. 332 (1992) 371.


B.Y. Liaw, I.D. Raistrick, R.A. Huggins, “Thermodynamic and structural considerations of insertion reactions in lithium vanadium bronze structures,” Solid State Ionics 45 (1991) 323.


B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, “Low temperature limiting-current oxygen sensors based on tetragonal zirconia polycrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 138 (1991) 2478.


B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, “Low temperature limiting-current oxygen sensors using tetragonal zirconia as solid electrolytes,” Solid State Ionics 40/41 (1990) 428.


B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Demonstration of a composite solid/liquid/ solid electrolyte configuration for hydrogen-related applications,” Z. Chem. Phys. N. F. 164 (1989) 1533.


B.Y. Liaw, S.W. Orchard, C. Kutal, “Photobehavior of copper(I) compounds. 4. Role of the triplet-state of (arylphosphine)-copper(I) complexes in the photosensitized isomerization of dienes,” Inorg. Chem. 27(8) (1988) 1309.


G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Controlled electrolyte environments and their use for studying and modifying materials properties; potentials for employment in practical devices,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1078.


G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Hydrogen-conducting electrolyte configurations,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1084.


G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Novel electrochemical hydrogen sensors for use at elevated temperatures,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1660.


B.Y. Liaw, I.D. Raistrick, R.A. Huggins, “The thermodynamics and kinetics of the gamma-lithium vanadium bronze structure,” Solid State Ionics 18/19 (1986) 828.

 

Book Chapters
B.Y. Liaw, F. Wang, Y. Wei, “Managing safety risk by cell manufacturers” in Safety of Lithium Batteries, J. Garche and K. Brandt, eds. Chapter 7.1, Elsevier, 2017. In print.

 

M. Cugnet, B.Y. Liaw, “Mathematical modeling of lead-acid batteries” in Lead-Acid Rechargeable Batteries – Fundamentals, Technologies and Applications, J. Jung, J. Zhang, L. Zhang, Eds. Chapter 9. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Co., Boca Raton, FL, 2014.


B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, “A roadmap to understand battery performance in electric and hybrid vehicle operation,” in Electric and Hybrid Vehicles. Power Sources, Models, Sustainability, Infrastructure and the Market, G. Pistoia, Ed., Elsevier Science BV, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2010. Chapter 15, pp 375–403.


B.Y. Liaw, “In situ characterizations of porous media for applications in biofuel cells: Issues and challenges,” in Porous Media: Applications in Biological Systems and Biotechnology, Z. Vafai, Ed. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Co., Boca Raton, FL, 2010. Chapter 13, pp. 489–522.


M. Cugnet, M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Modeling,” in Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources, J. Garche, C.K. Dyer, P. Moseley, Z. Ogumi, D. Rand, B. Scrosati, Eds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 2009. Volume 4, pp. 816–828.


M. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, “In situ characterization techniques for design and evaluation of micro and nano enzyme-catalyzed power sources,” in Nano-scale Science and Technology in Biomolecular Catalysis, H.S. Kim, J.B, Kim, and P. Wang, Eds. ACS Symposium Series 986, the American Chemical Soc., Cleveland, OH, 2008. Chapter 19, pp. 289–333.


B.Y. Liaw, D. D. Friel, “Battery management and life prediction,” in Industrial Applications of Batteries: From Electric Vehicles to Satellites, M. Broussely, G. Pistoia, Eds. Elsevier Science BV, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 2007. Chapter 13, pp. 649–689.


B.Y. Liaw, “Electrochemical aspects of ionic solids,” in Electrical Properties of Oxide Materials, Key Engineering Materials series, J. Nowotny and C.C. Sorrell, Eds. Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland, 1996. Vol. 125-126, pp. 133–161.


Edited Volumes
B.Y. Liaw, R. Kostecki, “In situ characterization of lithium-ion battery materials, electrodes, and cells,” Interface Fall issue (2011) 41.


B.Y. Liaw, R. Yazami, G.E. Blomgren, R.J. Brodd, A.N. Dey, Proc. IBA-HBC 2006, B.Y. Liaw et al., J. Power Sources 165 (2007) 489.


R.G. Jungst, J.W. Weidner, B.Y. Liaw, K. Nechev, eds., Power Source Modeling, Symposium Proc. The 202th Electrochemical Society Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT, October 20-25, 2002, the Electrochem. Soc., Inc., Pennington, NJ.

 

Peer-reviewed Conference Proceedings

M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, “From Li-ion single cell model to battery pack simulation”, for the invited session "Modeling, Estimation and Control of Hybrid Electrical Vehicles Batteries", in the Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Control Applications (CCA2008), San Antonio, Texas, September 3-5, 2008, Domenico Di Domenico and Giovanni Fiengo, eds.


Liaw, B.Y., J. Liu, W. Weppner, “Amperometric Tetragonal Zirconia Sensors,” in Science and Technology of Zirconia V, S. P. S. Badwal, M. J. Bannister and R. H. J. Hannink, eds., (Technomic Publishing Co., Lancaster, PA, 1993) p.611.


Liaw, B.Y., B.E. Liebert, “A Potential Shuttle Mechanism for Charging Hydrogen Species into Metals in Hydride-Containing Molten Salt Systems,” Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. on Cold Fusion, October 21-25, 1992, Nagoya, Japan, The Frontiers of Cold Fusion, H. Ikegame, ed., (Universal Academy Press, 1992) p.401.


Liaw, B.Y., P-L. Tao, B.E. Liebert, “Recent Progress on Cold Fusion Research Using Molten Salt Techniques,” Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Conference on Cold Fusion, June 29-July 4, 1991, Como, Italy, The Science of Cold Fusion, T. Bressani, E. Del Giudice, and G. Preparata, eds., (Italian Physical Society Conf. Proc. Vol. 33, S.I.F., Bologna, 1991) p.55.

 

Conference Proceedings
Y. Zhang, X. Li, L. Su, Z. Li, B. Liaw, J. Zhang, “Lithium plating detection and quantification in Li-ion cells from degradation” ECS Transactions, 75 (23) (2017) 37-50.

 

B.Y. Liaw, A. Devie, M. Dubarry, “The value of battery diagnostics and prognostics” Proc. of the 46th Power Sources Conference, Article 33.5, Orlando, FL, June 9–12, 2014.


A. Devie, M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Diagnostics of Li-ion commercial cells – Experimental case studies.” Electrochem. Soc. Trans. Xx (2014) xxx.


B.Y. Liaw, “Sweet Power – Harnessing Energy from Sugars” Proc. the 9th International Symposium on Novel Carbon Resource Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, November 2-3, 2012. IN-10, pp. 44.


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, “A Unique Mechanistic Model for Battery Diagnosis and Prognosis” Proc. of the 45th Power Sources Conference, Las Vegas, NV, June 11-14, 2012.


B.Y. Liaw, D. Scott, S. Li, “A Cost Effective Battery Built from Partial Oxidation of Reducing Sugars and Air” Proc. of the 45th Power Sources Conference, Las Vegas, NV, June 11-14, 2012.


M. Cugnet, M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Peukert’s law of a lead-acid battery simulated by a mathematical model,” Electrochem. Soc. Trans. 25 (2010) 223.


S. Busquet, J. Torres, M. Dubarry, M. Ewan, B.Y. Liaw, L. Cutshaw, R. Rocheleau, “Comparison of Photovoltaic Module Performance at Pu’u Wa’a Wa’a”, Proc. of the 35th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), Honolulu, HI, June 20-25, 2010.


B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, “Seeking the Best Battery System Suitable for Electrical Energy Storage”, Proc. EESAT 2009, Seattle, WA, October 4-7, 2009.


M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B. Y. Liaw, “Analysis of a Hybrid Power Source Using Fuzzy Logic Recognition Tool,” Proc. of 43rd Power Sources Conference, Philadelphia, PA, July 6-10, 2008.


M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Diagnostics of a Battery Pack Reliability and Life via Modeling and Simulation”, Proc. of 43rd Power Sources Conference, Philadelphia, PA, July 6-10, 2008.


M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Battery State of Health Monitoring Using Electrochemical Techniques”, Proc. of 43rd Power Sources Conference, Philadelphia, PA, July 6-10, 2008.


J.B. Langley, B.Y. Liaw, G. Wagner, “Electrical Power Harvesting from Small Engines”, Proc. of 43rd Power Sources Conference, Philadelphia, PA, July 6-10, 2008.


B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, R. Hwu, “Commercial Cell Evaluation and Capacity Fade Quantification”, Proc. of Lithium Mobile Power 2006, Miami Beach, FL, December 4-5, 2006.


Svoboda, V., M.J Cooney, C. Rippolz, B.Y. Liaw, “Development of an Enzymatic Ethanol Bio-Fuel Cell for Micro-Power Generation,” Fuel Cell Seminar 2006, Honolulu, HI, November 11-15, 2006.


Liaw, B.Y., M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, “Battery Service Life Prediction and Capacity Fade Identification” Proc. of the Second International Symposium on Large Lithium Ion Battery Technology and Application (LLIBTA 2006), May 15-17, 2006, Baltimore, MD, Advanced Automotive Batteries Conference.


Liaw, B.Y., B. Dailliez, A. Teeters, K.Y. Youn, C.S. Kim, “Vehicle Usage Analysis for Hyundai Santa Fe Fleet in Hawaii,” Electric Vehicle Symposium-20, Long Beach, CA, November 15-19, 2003.


Yap, K.C., A. Urbina, B.Y. Liaw, R.G. Jungst, “Evolutionary and Adaptive Recurrent Neural Network Modeling for Prediction of Battery Life,” EESAT 2003, San Francisco, CA, October 27-29, 2003.


Liaw, B.Y. R.G. Jungst, A. Urbina, T.L. Paez, Modeling of Battery Life, I. The Equivalent Circuit Model (ECM) Approach,” EESAT 2003, San Francisco, CA, October 27-29, 2003.


Liaw, B.Y., R.G. Jungst, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, D.H. Doughty, “Modeling Capacity Fade in Lithium Ion Cells,” in Proc.  Symposium on Power Sources for Transportation Applications, 204th Electrochem. Soc. Meetings, Orlando, FL, October 13-16, 2003, ed. A. Landgrebe, et al., the Electrochem. Soc., Inc., Pennington, NJ.


Yang, X.G., B.Y. Liaw, “Mechanistic Model of Charge Retention in AB2-Based Nickel Metal Hydride Systems,” in Proc. Symposium: Power Source Modeling, The 202th Electrochemical Society Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT, October 20-25, 2002, eds., R. G. Jungst, J. W. Weidner, B. Y. Liaw and K. Nechev, the Electrochem. Soc., Inc., Pennington, NJ.


Liaw, B.Y., K.P. Bethune, C.S. Kim, “Time-Series Field Trip Data Analysis Using Adaptive Recognition Approach. Analysis on Driving Patterns and Vehicle Usage for Electric Vehicles,” in Proc. Electric Vehicle Symposium 19, Busan, Korea, October 13-17, 2002.


Jungst, R.G., D.H. Doughty, B.Y. Liaw, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, E.V. Thomas, “Lithium Ion Cell Accelerated Aging and Life Prediction,” in Proc. 40th Power Sources Conference, Cherry Hill, N.J., June 11-13, 2002.


Yang, X.G, K.P. Bethune, B.Y. Liaw, “Recent Progress on Numerical Simulation of Fast Charging Nickel Metal Hydride Traction Batteries,” in Design and Mathematical Modeling of Electrochemical Systems, Proc. the 201st Electrochemical Society Meetings, Philadelphia, PA, May 12-17, 2002.


Liaw, B.Y., K.P. Bethune, X.G. Yang, “Modeling Rapid Charge Conditions in a VRLA Traction Battery,” in Advanced Batteries and Supercapacitors, Proceedings of the 200th Electrochem. Soc. Meetings, San Francisco, CA, September 3-7, 2001, PV-2001-21, eds. G. Nazri, et al, the Electrochem. Soc., Pennington, NJ.


Yang, X.G., K.P. Bethune, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ Electrochemical Analysis of Nickel-Metal Hydride Batteries under Fast Charging,” in Advanced Batteries and Supercapacitors, Proceedings of the 200th Electrochem. Soc. Meetings, San Francisco, CA, September 3-7, 2001, PV-2001-21, eds. G. Nazri, et al, the Electrochem. Soc., Pennington, NJ.


Liaw, B.Y., K. Bethune, “On Validation of the Modeling of Overcharge Process in VRLA Cells,” IEEE-01TH8533, Proc. 16th Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, Long Beach, CA, January 9-12, 2001, p. 187-192.


Liaw, B.Y., X.G. Yang, “Rapid Charging Ni-MH Batteries: Limiting Mechanism and Charge Control,” Proc. of Hawaii Battery Conference 2001, Waikoloa, Hawaii, January 3-6, 2001, p. 67-74.


Liaw, B.Y., “Recent Progress in Battery-Related R&D in HEVDP,” Proc. DARPA EV/HEV and DOT AVP Joint Program Review, April 30-May 3, 2000, Baltimore, MD, p. 179.


Quinn, T., B.Y. Liaw, “Electric Vehicle Rapid Charging Infrastructure in Hawaii,” SAE Tech. Paper# 2000-01-1606, Proceedings of Future Car Congress 2000, Arlington, VA, April 2-6, 2000, Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.


Liaw, B.Y., “Recent Advancements in Dynamic Battery Modeling and Testing,” Proc. of Hawaii Battery Conference 99, January 4-7, 1999, Waikoloa, HI, p. 57.


W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “Integrated Simulation and Testing of Electric Vehicle Batteries,” IEEE 98TH8299, Proc. of the 13th Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, Long Beach, CA, January 13-16, 1998, p. 141.


Liaw, B.Y., M.M. Geng, W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, “Integrated Battery Testing and Simulation in Hawaii Electric Vehicle Demonstration Project,” Proc. Hawaii Battery Conference 98, January 5-7, 1998, Waikoloa, HI, p. 1.
Staackmann, M., B.Y. Liaw, D.Y.Y. Yun, “Dynamic Driving Cycle Analyses Using Electric Vehicle Time-Series Data,” #97279 in the Proceedings of the 32nd Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, July 27–August 1, 1997, Honolulu, HI, (American Inst. of Chem. Engineering, N.Y., 1997) Vol. 3, p. 2014.


Liaw, B.Y., W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, “Numerical Simulation of Coupled Electrochemical and Transport Processes in Battery Systems,” #97124 in the Proceedings of the 32nd Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, July 27–August 1, 1997, Honolulu, HI, (American Inst. of Chem. Engineering, N.Y., 1997) Vol. 2, p. 899.


Gu, W.B., C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “Dynamic Simulation of Ni-Cd and Ni-MH Battery Systems Using CFD Techniques,” in Meeting Abstracts of the 191st Electrochemical Society Meetings, May 4-9, 1997, Montreal, Canada, (the Electrochemical Society, N.J., 1997).


Liaw, B.Y. and S.Y. Song, “Modifying Zirconia Solid Electrolyte Surface Property to Enhance Oxide Transport,” in Proceedings 1996 Fuel Cell Seminar, November 17-20, 1996, Kissimmee, FL, p. 190.
Liaw, B.Y. “ARPA's Growing Collection of Data,” Proceedings of SEV-95, NESEA, Providence, RI, November 13-15, 1995.


Liaw, B.Y., “Hawaii Electric Vehicle Demonstration Project (HEVDP),” Proceedings of the 40th Anniversary Symposium on Status of Battery Development for EV and the future of EV, October 21, 1994, Nagoya, Japan, O. Yamamoto, ed., (Japan Electrochemical Society, Tokai Chapter, 1994) p.75.


Liaw, B.Y., “Molten Salt Techniques for Excess Heat Production and the Loading Issue,” Proceedings of the Minsk International Symp. on Cold Fusion and Advanced Energy Sources, May 24-26, 1994, Minsk, Belarus, V. Filimonov and H. Fox, eds.


Liaw, B.Y., Y. Ding, “Charging Hydrogen into Ni in Hydride-Containing Molten Salts,” Proceedings: 4th International Conference on Cold Fusion, 2, 30-1 (1994).


Huang G., D. Mo, W. Yu, M. Yao, X. Li, B.Y. Liaw, “The Measurements and the Control of the Loading Ratio of Deuterium in Palladium,” Proceedings: 4th International Conference on Cold Fusion, 1, 20-1 (1994).


Gao, Q-H., R.E. Rocheleau, B.Y. Liaw, “Thin Film Tetragonal Doped Zirconia: Synthesis and Characterization,” Proc. of the 3rd International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, the 183rd Electrochemical Society Meeting, May 16-21, 1993, Honolulu, HI, S. C. Singhal and H. Iwahara, eds., (the Electrochemical Society, Inc., PV93-12, 1993) p.38.


Liaw, B.Y., “Hydride-Containing Molten Salts and Their Technology Implications,” Proc. European Workshop on Electrochemical Technology of Molten Salts, March 14-17, 1993, Sintra, Portugal, C. A. C. Sequeira and G. S. Picard, eds., (Trans Tech Publications, 1993) p.345.


Liaw, B.Y., P-L. Tao, B.E. Liebert, “On Charging Palladium in an Al|LiCl-KCl Eutectic, Excess LiH(D)|Pd Cell,” Proc. of the 8th International Symposium on Molten Salts, 181st Electrochemical Society Meeting, May 17-22, 1992, St. Louis, Missouri, R. J. Gale, G. Blomgren, H. Kojima, eds., (the Electrochemical Society, Inc., PV92-16, 1992) p.1.


Liaw, B.Y., P-L. Tao, P. Turner, B.E. Liebert, “Elevated Temperature Excess Heat Production Using Molten Salt  Electrochemical Techniques,” Special Symposium Proceedings on Cold Fusion, the 8th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, Hawaii, July 22-27, 1990, (Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, 1990) p.49.


Liaw, B.Y., B.T. Ahn, R.A. Huggins, “Electrochemical Studies of the Ternary Li-Si-S System,” Proceedings of the ECS symposium on “Lithium Batteries,” A. N. Dey, ed., (the Electrochemical Soc., Inc. 1987) p.393.


Liaw, B.Y., G. Deublein, R.A. Huggins, “Novel Hydrogen Sensors for Use at Elevated Temperatures,” Proceedings of the ECS symposium on “Chemical Sensors,” D. R. Turner, ed., (the Electrochemical Soc., Inc. 1987) p.91.

Patents:

​M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, C. Truchot, 2012, “Synthesize Battery Degradation Modes via a Diagnostic and Prognostic Model,” Application # 61652062, May 25, 2012.

 

B.Y. Liaw, D. Scott, 2011, “Systems and methods for carbohydrate detection,” Prov. Appl. # 61/279,896, October 26, 2009; U.S. Application 12/912,700, October 26, 2010; Pub. # US 2011/0127172 A1, June 2, 2011.

 

D. Scott, B.Y. Liaw, 2009, “Carbohydrate anode for fuel cell and battery applications,” Prov. Appl. # 61/173,502, April 28, 2009; U.S. Application 12/769,598, April 28, 2010; Pub # US 2010/0279203 A1, November 4, 2010.

 

D. Scott, B.Y. Liaw, 2008, “Sustainable Current Generation from the Ammonia-Polypyrrole Interaction,” U.S. Provisional Pattern application, April 7, 2008.

 

B.Y. Liaw, 2004, “Intelligent Prediction of Battery Service Life and Performance”, US Prov. Appl. # 60/634,521, December 9, 2004.

 

B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, 2002, “Pressure-Based Battery Charging,” Patent 6,437,542, August 20, 2002; Reissue US Appl. # 10/923,563, August 20, 2004.

 

B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, 1990, “Sensor for Measuring the Partial Pressure of a Gas,” international PCT and U. S. Patent application (07/584,953), July 18, 1990, under the auspices of the Max-Planck-Society.

 

B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, 1990 “Limiting Current Sensor for Measuring the Partial Pressure of a Gas,” international PCT and U. S. Patent application (07/551,223), July 11, 1990, under the auspices of the Max-Planck-Society.

 

B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, 1991 “Sensor zum Messen des Partialdrucks eines Gases,” DE 39 31 235 A1 (Germany), March 28, 1991.

 

B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, 1991, “Grenzstromsensor zum Messen des Partialdrucks eines Gases,” DE 39 23 193 A1 (Germany), January 24, 1991.

Presentations:

​B.Y. Liaw, “Lithium plating and detection in lithium-ion batteries.” The 12th International Forum on Lithium Battery Technology and Industrial Development, Xinxiang, Henan, China, September 19-21, 2017.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Grand challenge in battery designs.” The 1st World Conference on Solid Electrolytes for Advanced Applications: Garnets and Competitors, Puducherry, India, September 6-9, 2017.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Grand challenge in battery designs through better understanding of the interfaces.” Invited talk, in Symposium on Spectroscopic & Computational Insights into Solid/Liquid Interfaces for Energy Conversion, the 254th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington, DC, August 20-24, 2017.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “How to achieve reliability and safety in battery design?” Lectures in the School of Automotive Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, July 12-13, 2017.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Battery diagnosis and prognosis for advanced energy storage & power source platform developments.” Department of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China, July 7, 2017.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Cell variability and SOC determination.” The 2nd International Battery Safety Workshop (IBSW), Albuquerque, NM, May 9-10, 2017.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Using battery diagnosis and prognosis to address safety issues.” The Micron School of Materials Science and Engineering, Boise State University, Boise, ID, April 14, 2017.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Energy storage overview.” The Spring 2017 Joint Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation (CREPC)-Western Interconnection Regional Advisory Body (WIRAB) meeting, Boise, ID, April 12, 2017.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “The grand challenge of advanced batteries.” The 34th International Battery Seminar and Exhibit, Fort Lauderdale, FL, March 20-23, 2017.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Enable a viable pathway toward battery durability, reliability and safety.” 2017 International Battery Association Meeting, Nara, Japan, March 5-10, 2017.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “A viable pathway from durability to reliability and safety.” Energy Storage Safety Forum, Santa Fe, NM, February 22-24, 2017.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Is there a viable pathway toward battery durability, reliability and safety?” Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, December 5, 2016.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “A viable pathway toward battery durability, reliability and safety.” NASA Aerospace Battery Workshop, Huntsville, AL, November 15-17, 2016.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Idaho National Laboratory’s R&D capabilities on energy storage.” Natural Energy Laboratory Hawaii Authority International Conference on Energy Storage: Trends and Opportunities, Kailua-Kona, Hawaii, September 12, 2016.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Understanding battery safety issues.” Underwriters Laboratories-National Research Council Canadian Battery Safety Summit, Ottawa, Canada, September 8-9, 2016.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Grand challenge of advanced batteries.” Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, September 6, 2016.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Durability, reliability and safety of energy storage systems.” DOE Office of Electricity Energy Storage Reliability Workshop, Kennewick, WA, June 14-15, 2016.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Contemplating a reliable energy storage system for future renewable energy application.” International Symposium on the Future of Renewable Energy, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, April 6–8, 2016.

 

B.Y. Liaw*, M. Dubarry, J. Huang, Z. Li, J. Zhang, X. Chen, Q. Yuan, F Zhao, Y. Wei, K. Wu, “Thermal Energy Balance, Internal Short and Thermal Runaway.” The 2016 International Battery Association meeting, Nantes, France, March 23, 2016.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Reliability and Safety of Battery Systems for Electrified Vehicles and Energy Storage Applications.” University of Washington, January 14, 2016.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Enabling Battery Technologies for xEV and RES Applications.” Idaho National Laboratory, January 7, 2016.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Improve Risk Management Through Diagnoses and Failure Mode Analyses in Assessing Reliability and Safety Issues.” Lithium Battery Power and Battery Safety, Baltimore, MD, November 17–19, 2015.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Improved Safety Evaluation: Means of Diagnostics and Prognostics.” The 1st International Battery Safety Workshop, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany, August 25–26, 2015.

 

J. Huang, Z. Li, J. Zhang, B.Y. Liaw*, “New Perspectives on Battery Safety: Thermal and Electrochemical Balance.” The 18th National Conference on Electrochemistry of China, Harbin, China, August 7–11, 2015.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “Interface and interphases.” Ohio State University, February 19, 2015.

 

B.Y. Liaw, “On cell variability, reliability and quantitative analysis.” Argonne National Laboratory, February 18, 2015.

B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, “Reliability of EV Battery and Diagnosis Method”. The 2014 International Forum on Power Battery Safety in EV Running & Technology Sustainable Development, Shenzhen, China, December 9–10, 2014.


B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, “Cell reliability and diagnosis”. Taipei Tatung University, Taipei, Taiwan, November 15, 2014.


B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, “Cell reliability and diagnosis”. The 1st Qingdao International Forum on Energy Storage Technologies, Qingdao, China, October 31–November 1, 2014.


B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, “Cell reliability and diagnosis”. 2014 (the 9th) International Forum on Li-ion Battery Tech & Industrial Development and MGI Workshop. Ningde, Fujian, China, October 26–27, 2014.


B.Y. Liaw, “Advanced battery diagnostics and prognostics”. Center for Automotive Research, Ohio State University, October 2, 2014.


B.Y. Liaw, “Advanced battery diagnostics and prognostics”. Lecture in Tutorial on electrochemical power sources for the IEEE Transportation Electrification Conference & Expo 2014 (ITEC 2014), Beijing, China, August 31–September 3, 2014.


B.Y. Liaw, “Sweet power, organic battery”. Beyond Lithium Ion VII conference, Argonne National Laboratory, IL, June 3–5, 2014.


B.Y. Liaw, “Do we really know battery well?” Israel National Research Center for Electrochemical Propulsion (INREP), Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan; Technion University, Haifa; Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv; Israel, April 27–May 3, 2014.


B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, “From diagnostic modeling to battery prognostics”. Bosch Research Center, Shanghai, China, March 17, 2014; Beijing Jiao-Tong University, Beijing, China, March 22, 2014; Qinghua University, Beijing, China, March 24, 2014.


B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, Keynote Presentation: “Using battery diagnostics to analyze degradation modes in high-power and high-energy LiFePO4 cells”. The 2014 Electrochemical Conference on Energy and the Environment (ECEE), Shanghai, China, March 13–16, 2014.


B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, “From diagnostic modeling to battery prognostics”. Gordon Research Conferences, Ventura, CA, March 9–14, 2014.
B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, “Battery state functions and their determinations”. 2014 International Battery Association meeting, Brisbane, Australia, March 3–7, 2014.


B.Y. Liaw, “Prospects for battery diagnostics and prognostics”. SmartMlLE 2013 Conference & Exhibition, Gijon, Spain, December 11–13, 2013.


B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, “Case studies using battery diagnostic toolbox” Nordisk Batterikonferens (NordBatt1), Uppsala, Sweden, December 4–5, 2013.


B.Y. Liaw, “Intelligent battery design toolbox”. Advanced Energy Technology Congress, San Diego, CA, November 14, 2013.


B.Y. Liaw, “An integral approach to enable electrochemical systems for energy conversion and storage”. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, November 4, 2013.


B.Y. Liaw, “Reverse engineering of battery design by prognosis”. The 8th Beijing International Forum on Lithium Batteries, Beijing, China, September 26, 2013.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery diagnostic toolbox”. The 8th China-US Electric Vehicle and Battery Technology Workshop, Chengdu, China, September 22, 2013.


B.Y. Liaw, “Advanced battery evaluation and diagnosis”. A lecture at the ‘Advanced Powertrain Control’ summer school, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. July 17, 2013; Ibid, “State of charge or state of battery?” Beijing Jiaotung University, Beijing, China, July 16, 2013; Ibid, “Recent progress in battery diagnostics”. China Electric Power Research Institute, Beijing, China, July 18-19, 2013.


B.Y. Liaw, “Understanding battery behavior in multi-cell configurations”. Battery Power 2013, Denver, CO, June 6-7, 2013.


B.Y. Liaw, “From sugar-air batteries to mechanistic battery diagnoses and prognoses”. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, May 20, 2013.
B.Y. Liaw, “Mechanistic approach to battery diagnostics and prognostics”. The 2nd Lithium Battery International Summit, Shenzhen, China, April 11-13, 2013.


B.Y. Liaw, “State of battery, or state of charge?” The 7th US-China Electric Vehicle and Battery Technology Workshop, Berkeley, CA, April 4-5, 2013.


M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, “Mechanistic diagnosis and prognosis on Li-ion battery degradation”. The International Battery Association meeting 2013, Barcelona, Spain, March 11-15, 2013.


B.Y. Liaw, “Green sustainable sugar-air batteries”. The International Battery Association meeting 2013, Barcelona, Spain, March 11-15, 2013.


B.Y. Liaw, “Sweet power – harnessing energy from sugars”. The 9th International Symposium on Novel Carbon Resource Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, November 2-3, 2012.


B.Y. Liaw, “Mechanistic approach for battery diagnosis and prognosis”. Toyota Central R&D Laboratory, Nagoya, Japan, October 31, 2012.


B.Y. Liaw, “Understanding battery behavior in multi-cell strings”. The 5th International Conference on Advanced Lithium Batteries for Automobile Applications (ABAA-5), Istanbul, Turkey, September 17-21, 2012.


B.Y. Liaw, “Mechanistic model for battery diagnosis and prognosis”. Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, August 21, 2012.


B.Y. Liaw, “High precision battery diagnostics and prognostics”. Project Finance Connect, Semi-finalist, Asia Pacific Clean Energy Summit, Honolulu, HI, August 14, 2012.


B.Y. Liaw, “Reducing sugar-air batteries”. Next Generation Batteries, Boston, MA, July 20, 2012.


B.Y. Liaw, “Multi-cell string performance evaluation”. China International Battery Fair (CIBF 2012), Shenzhen, China, June 21-24, 2012.
B.Y. Liaw, “A realistic approach to enable battery diagnosis and prognosis”. Three invited lectures at Uppsala University, Chalmers University, and Technical University at Stockholm (KTH), Li Cluster project, Sweden, April 24-27, 2012.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery diagnosis and prognosis from basic principles”. The 5th China-US Electric Vehicle and Battery Technology workshop, Hangzhou, China, April 16-17, 2012.


B.Y. Liaw, “A realistic approach for battery diagnosis and prognosis”. An invited lecture, University of Oviedo, Gijon, Spain, March 23, 2012.


B.Y. Liaw, “From battery modeling and simulation to diagnosis and prognosis”. The 1st International Forum on Progress and Trends in Battery and Capacitor Technologies, Vitoria, Spain, March 20-21, 2012.


B.Y. Liaw, “Synthesis of battery performance for diagnosis and prognosis”. 2012 Taipei Forum on Large Format Rechargeable Lithium Batteries, Taipei, Taiwan, February 16-17, 2012.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery management and diagnostics”. 2011 Shenzhen International Lithium-ion Battery Summit, Shenzhen Convention and Exhibition Center, Shenzhen, China, December 3-5, 2011.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery management and diagnosis”. A Symposium on EV Battery and Charging Technology, Automotive Research and Test Center, Lugang, Changhua, Taiwan, November 22, 2011.


B.Y. Liaw, “A realistic approach for battery diagnosis and prognosis”. GM Global R&D Symposium on Automotive Lightweight Materials and Battery Technology, Shanghai, China, November 2, 2011.


B.Y. Liaw, “A realistic approach to understand battery management”. The Advanced Battery Technology Exchange – a Dow-Kokam Workshop, Lee’s Summit, MO, October 20, 2011.


B.Y. Liaw, “A realistic approach for battery diagnosis and prognosis”. A lecture delivered at the FREEDM Center, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, October 18, 2011.


B.Y. Liaw, “Commercial cell testing for battery diagnosis and prognosis”. The 4th International Conference on Advanced Lithium Batteries for Automobile Applications (ABAA-4), Beijing International Convention Center, Beijing, China, September 21-23, 2011.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery diagnostics approach”. A lecture delivered at the Institute of New and Renewable Energy Technology, School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China, September 20, 2011.


B.Y. Liaw “Battery diagnosis and prognosis”. NAATBatt 2011 Annual Meeting and Conference, Louisville, KY, September 7-8, 2011.


B.Y. Liaw, “Reducing sugar-air abiotic flow batteries – sweet power”. The 5th International Conference on Polymer Batteries and Fuel Cells (PBFC-5), Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, August 1-5, 2011.


B.Y. Liaw, “Electrochemical power sources and energy storage systems”. A lecture delivered at the National Chung Cheng University, Minhsiung, Chiayi, Taiwan, April 26, 2011.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery diagnosis and prognosis”. The 1st US-Taiwan Workshop on Materials and Systems Challenges in Electrical Energy Storage, sponsored by National Science Foundation, International Conference Hall, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, April 23-25, 2011.


B.Y. Liaw, “Impact of cell variations on battery string performance”. The 2011 International Battery Association Meeting, Cape Town, South Africa, April 11-15, 2011.


B.Y. Liaw, “Understanding cell capacity variation and imbalance”. The 2011 Taipei Power Forum, Taipei World Trade Nangang Exhibition Hall, Taipei, Taiwan, March 17-19, 2011.


B.Y. Liaw, “Understanding battery performance and life prediction”. An invited lecture at UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA, March 4, 2010.


B.Y. Liaw, “In situ study of electrochemical behavior of viologen mediators”. Invited speaker in Session: Nanoscale Science and Engineering in Biomolecular Catalysis II. The Annual Meeting of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Salt Palace Convention Center, Salt Lake City, UT, November 7-12, 2010.


B.Y. Liaw, “Deciphering cell variations in battery manufacturing”. Li Mobile Power 2010, Boston, MA, November 3-5, 2010.


B.Y. Liaw, “Deciphering cell variations in battery manufacturing”. Battery Power 2010, Dallas, TX, October 19-20, 2010.


B.Y. Liaw, “Mechanistic Understanding of Sugar Bio-battery Operation”. 2010 E-MRS Fall Meeting, invited lecture at Symp H: Novel Materials for Alternative Energy Sources, Warsaw, Poland, September 13-17, 2010.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery testing and data analysis”. The 3rd International Conference on Advanced Lithium Batteries for Automobile Application, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea, September 8-10, 2010.


B.Y. Liaw, “Developing accurate battery capacity gauge and managing unpredictable discharge profiles”. The 2nd EV Li-ion Battery Forum 2010, Beijing, China, August 24-27, 2010.


B.Y. Liaw, “Taking battery modeling and life prediction to real life”. A lecture at GE Central R&D Laboratory, Niskayuna, NY, July 30, 2010.


B.Y. Liaw, “Identifying and accommodating cell variations for commercial Li-ion battery pack modeling”. The 15th International Meetings on Lithium Batteries (IMLB-15), Montreal, Canada, June 28-July 2, 2010.


B.Y. Liaw, “In situ battery degradation monitoring through electrochemical inference”. Conference of International Battery Frontier, Shenzhen Exhibition and Convention Center, June 23-25, 2010.


B.Y. Liaw, “Understanding cell capacity variation and imbalance”. 2010 Taipei Forum on Large Format Lithium batteries, Taipei, Taiwan, March 19-21, 2010.


B.Y. Liaw, “Characterizations of cell variations in addressing the battery pack management”. The 50th Battery Symposium in Japan, International Session on Battery Technology for the Next 50 Years, Kyoto, Japan, November 30-December 2, 2009.


B.Y. Liaw, “Understand cell degradation through incremental capacity determination”. The 2nd International Conference on Advanced Lithium Battery for Automobile Applications, National Center of Sciences, Tokyo, Japan, November 25-28, 2009.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery system management and cell variations”. Battery Power 2009, Denver Technology Center, Denver, October 20-21, 2009.


B.Y. Liaw, “Analyzing cell variations in commercial cell manufacturing”. Oral presentation at the 4th Lithium Batteries Discussion 2009 (LiBD 2009), Arcachon, France, September 20-25, 2009.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery management and diagnosis”. A lecture at the Taiwan Automotive Research Consortium (TARC), Taipei, Taiwan, September 6, 2009.


B.Y. Liaw, “Evaluating cell balancing techniques to achieve uniform heat generation and managing Li-ion battery pack safety”. Lithium EV Battery Forum, Shanghai, China, September 2-3, 2009.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery life evaluation”. A lecture delivered at the Zhejiang University, Department of Materials Sciences, August 31, 2009.


B.Y. Liaw, “Developing a battery management system platform”. A lecture at the Automotive Research and Test Center (ARTC), Lugang, Taiwan, August 27, 2009.


B.Y. Liaw, “Evaluation of EV battery life”. The 5th Taiwan Automotive International Forum & Exhibition (TAIFE 2009), Taipei, Taiwan, July 15-16, 2009.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery management and diagnosis”. A lecture at the Technical Advisory Committee meeting, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsingchu, Taiwan, May 21-22, 2009.


B.Y. Liaw, “An approach to modeling the system: Analysis toward improving accuracy and fidelity in LAB modeling”. Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium Technical Committee meeting, Las Vegas, NV, May 6, 2009.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery management and diagnosis”. A lecture at the National Semiconductor Virtual Laboratories Distinguished Faculty Seminar, Santa Clara, CA, April 9, 2009.


B.Y. Liaw, “Diagnosis of secondary lithium ion batteries”. The 26th International Battery Seminar & Exhibit, Fort Lauderdale, FL, March 16-19, 2009.


M. Dubarry* and B.Y. Liaw, “Enabling battery prognostics”. Lithium Mobile Power 2008, Las Vegas, NV, December 8-9, 2008.


M. Dubarry* and B.Y. Liaw, “Understanding battery pack performance issues”. Battery Power 2008, Dallas, TX, November 11-12, 2008.


B.Y. Liaw, “Methodology for battery life prediction”. In Symposium B4, the 214th Electrochem. Soc. Meeting, Honolulu, HI, October 12-17, 2008.


B.Y. Liaw, “Prognosis of Secondary Lithium Ion Batteries”. The 1st International Conference on Advanced Lithium Battery for Automotive Applications, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, September 15-17, 2008.


B.Y. Liaw, “From Li-ion single cell model to battery pack simulation”. The IEEE International Conference on Control Applications (CCA2008), San Antonio, Texas, September 3-5, 2008.


B.Y. Liaw, “Predicting battery performance under hybrid and electric vehicle driving cycles”. the 14th International Meeting on Lithium Batteries, Tianjin, China, June 22-28, 2008.


B.Y. Liaw, “Large format battery evaluation and experience”. Taipei Forum on Large Format Rechargeable Lithium Batteries, Taipei, Taiwan, January 31-February 1, 2008.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery pack design and consideration”. The 2007 International Battery Association Meeting, Shenzhen, China, November 16-20, 2007.


B.Y. Liaw, “PHEV Battery Life Prediction and Diagnostics”. The 109th Meeting of the Lithium Ion Battery Technology Symposium, AIST Kansai, Senri Office, Osaka, Japan, November 16, 2007.


B.Y. Liaw, “Predict battery performance in electric and hybrid vehicle operation”. The 48th Battery Symposium in Japan7, Fukuoka, Japan, November 13-15, 2007.


B.Y. Liaw, “In situ characterization of polymer matrices for bio-electrode applications”. The 17th International Symposium on Fine Chemistry and Functional Polymers (FCFP-XVII) & 3rd IUPAC International Symposium on Novel materials and their Synthesis (NMS-III), Shanghai, China, October 17-21, 2007.


B.Y. Liaw, “Enzymatic biofuel cells for micro-power generation”. The 11th EuroConference on the Science and Technology of Ionics, Batz sur Mer - VVF “Les Salines”, France, September 9-15, 2007.


B.Y. Liaw, “Incremental capacity analysis as a non-destructive tool for characterizing material degradation in electrochemical power source systems”. The 4th International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies (ICMAT 2007), Singapore, July 1-6, 2007.


B.Y. Liaw, “Using incremental capacity analysis to probe state of health of batteries in traction applications”. Battery Power 2007, Denver, CO, June 6-7, 2007.


B.Y. Liaw, “Fabrication of an effective biocatalytic electrode with in situ characterization of electrode and its materials”. The 211th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Chicago, IL, May 6-10, 2007.


B.Y. Liaw, “Realizing enzymatic biofuel cells through nano-engineering”. The 4th U.S.-Korea Forum on Nanotechnology, Honolulu, HI, April 26-27, 2007.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery life prediction and its implication in the evaluation of LiFePO4 chemistry”. The Industrial Technology Research Institute-National Taiwan University Workshop on Lithium Ion Batteries, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, December 19-20, 2006.


B.Y. Liaw, “Commercial cell evaluation and analysis”. A lecture at the Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsingchu, Taiwan, December 18, 2006.


B.Y. Liaw, “Commercial cell evaluation and capacity fade quantification”. Lithium Mobile Power 2006, Miami Beach, FL, December 4-5, 2006.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery life prediction”. The 2006 Joint International Meeting and the 210th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Cancun, Mexico, October 29 - November 3, 2006.


B.Y. Liaw, “Identify capacity fade in rechargeable lithium cells during cycle life testing”. International Meetings of Lithium Battery (IMLB) 2006, Biarritz, France, June 18-23, 2006.


B.Y. Liaw, “Battery service life prediction and capacity fade identification”. The Second International Symposium on Large Lithium Ion Battery Technology and Application (LLIBTA 2006), Advanced Automotive Batteries Conference, Baltimore, MD, May 15-17, 2006.


M. Cooney*, B.Y. Liaw, W. Johnston, V. Svoboda, F. Quinlan, and N. Maynard, “Design of macropore structure for enzyme fuel cells operation”. The 230th ACS National Meeting, Washington, DC, August 28-September 1, 2005.


B.Y. Liaw, “Understanding conductive polypyrrole deposition via micro- and nano-scale observations”. The 230th ACS National Meeting, Washington, DC, August 28-September 1, 2005.


B.Y. Liaw, “Engineering effective bioelectrocatalysis electrodes for power generation.” The 2nd International Conference on Polymer Batteries and Fuel Cells, PBFC-2, an ECS Satellite Meeting, Las Vegas, NV, June 12-17, 2005.


B.Y. Liaw, “Practical battery life prediction”. The 22nd International Battery Seminar & Exhibit: Primary & Secondary Batteries - Small Fuel Cells - Other Technologies, Broward County Convention Center, Fort Lauderdale, FL, March 14-17, 2005.


B.Y. Liaw, “An intelligent lithium-ion battery life prediction”. Lithium Mobile Power 2004, Miami Beach, FL, December 6-7, 2004.


B.Y. Liaw, “Complex impacts on the battery performance from the environment and the operating conditions: a neural network approach”. Seminar on Lifetime Prediction for Batteries, University of Clausthal, Germany, January 28-29, 2004.

Awards:


 


 


Version: 12.0
Created at 7/20/2016 11:47 AM by phyllis.king@inl.gov
Last modified at 12/14/2017 1:01 PM by phyllis.king@inl.gov