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Researcher

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Ting He, Ph.D.

Directorate Fellow

Research Areas:
Chemical Processing

Biography:
Dr. He is an internationally respected senior research leader, holding 33 patents with many more pending. He is the author of seven books or book chapters, over 50 peer-reviewed journal articles and more than 50 key conference presentations. He comes to the INL as a directorate fellow from his previous senior positions at Honda and ConocoPhillips/Phillips 66, with demonstrated experience and a record of technical accomplishment and expertise in chemistry, electrochemistry, materials science and nanotechnology. Over his career, Dr. He has led cross-functional and multi-national teams and large research and development organizations with diverse expertise in the oil and gas, energy, automotive, and academic sectors. He initiated and established Honda and ConocoPhillips/Phillips 66 clean energy programs in fuel cells (PEMFCs and SOFCs), batteries, photovoltaics (CIGS and OPV), low-carbon hydrogen, nanotechnology, among others, from the ground up, and created internationally recognized programs with some to commercial products. He was a Max‐Planck Scholar between 1996 and 1998 and Editor‐in‐Chief of The Open Renewable Energy Journal between 2008 and 2015. His research interests include the development and application of advanced materials, electrochemistry, and nanotechnology in clean energy systems, transportation science, and advanced manufacturing including energy conversion, storage and efficient manufacturing.

Education:

​Ph.D., Physical and Electrochemistry - University of Hanover

M.S., Solid State Physics - Chinese Academy of Sciences

B.S., Physics - Nankai University

Publications:

Refereed Journals and Book Chapters
M. Liu, D. Ding, Y. Bai, T. He and M. Liu, J. Electrochem. Soc. 159, B661 (2012). “An Efficient SOFC Based on Samaria-Doped Ceria (SDC) Electrolyte”.


R. Loukrakpam, J. Luo, T. He, Y. Chen, Z. Xu, P.N. Njoki, B.N. Wanjala, B. Fang, D. Mott, J. Yin, J. Klar, B. Powell and C.J. Zhong, J. Phys. Chem. C  115, 1682 (2011). “Nanoengineered PtCo and PtNi catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction: an assessment of the structural and electrocatalytic properties”.

 

S. Axnanda, K.D. Cummins, T. He, D.W. Goodman and M.P. Soriaga, ChemPhysChem. 11, 1468 (2010). “Structural, compositional and electrochemical characterization of Pt-Co oxygen-reduction catalysts”.


L. Tang, B. Han, K. Persson, C. Friesen, T. He, K. Sieradzki and G. Ceder, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 596 (2010). “Electrochemical stability of nanometer-scale Pt particles in acidic environments”.


Y. Feng, T. He and N. Alonso-Vante, Fuel Cells 10, 77 (2010). “Carbon-supported CoSe2 nanoparticles for oxygen reduction reaction in acid medium”.


Q. Xu, E. Kreidler and T. He, Electrochimica Acta 55, 7551 (2010). “Performance and durability of PtCo alloy catalysts for oxygen electroreduction in acidic environments”.


L. Xiong, K.L. More and T. He, J. Power Sources 195, 2570 (2010). "Syntheses, characterization, and catalytic oxygen electroreduction activities of carbon-supported PtW nanoparticle catalysts".


T. He (Ed.), Catalysts for Oxygen Electroreduction – Recent Developments and New Directions (Transworld Research Network, 2009).


E. Kreidler and T. He, in Catalysts for Oxygen Electroreduction – Recent Developments and New Directions (Ed. T. He, Transworld Research Network) Chapter 4, p.63 (2009). “Oxygen reduction on Pt alloys: high throughput combinatorial screening of Pt binary alloys”.


C.J. Zhong, J. Luo, T. He, D. Mott, P. Njoki and L. Wang, in Catalysts for Oxygen Electroreduction – Recent Developments and New Directions (Ed. T. He, Transworld Research Network) Chapter 5, p.91 (2009). “Oxygen reduction on Pt alloys: nanotechnology in electrocatalysis”.


Y. Feng, T. He and N. Alonso-Vante, ECS Trans. 25(1), 167 (2009). "Structure phase transition and oxygen reduction activity in acidic medium of carbon-supported cobalt selenide nanoparticles".


Y. Feng, T. He and N. Alonso-Vante, Electrochimica Acta 54, 5252 (2009). “Oxygen reduction reaction on carbon-supported CoSe2 nanoparticles in an acid medium”.


T. He, in Recent Advanced Wet-Chemical Synthetic Approaches to Inorganic Nanostructures (Ed. P.D. Cozzoli, Transworld Research Network) Chapter 8, p.253 (2008). “Synthesis of carbon-supported metal and alloy nanoparticles”.


J. Luo, L. Wang, D. Mott, P. Njoki, Y. Lin, T. He, Z. Xu, B. Wanjana, S.I. Lim and C.J. Zhong, Adv. Mater. 20, 4342 (2008). “Core-shell Nanoparticles as Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cell Reactions”.


T. He and E. Kreidler, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 10, 3731 (2008). “Combinatorial screening of PtTiMe ternary alloys for oxygen electroreduction”.


Q. Xu, E. Kreidler, D.O. Wipf and T. He, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, B228 (2008). "An in-situ electrochemical STM study of potential-induced coarsening and corrosion of platinum nano crystals".


Y. Feng, T. He and N. Alonso-Vante, Chemistry of Materials 20, 28 (2008). "In situ free-surfactant synthesis and ORR-electrochemistry of carbon supported Co3S4 and CoSe2 nanoparticles".


E. Ding, K.L. More and T. He, J. Power Sources 175, 794 (2008). "Preparation and characterization of carbon-supported PtTi alloy electrocatalysts".


Y. Feng, T. He and N. Alonso-Vante, ECS Trans. 11(31), 67 (2008). "Novel non-precious metal electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction based on nanostructured cobalt chalcogenide".


Q. Xu, E. Kreidler, D.O. Wipf and T. He, ECS Trans. 11(1), 1279 (2007). "An electrochemical STM study of coarsening and corrosion of platinum films".


E. Kreidler and T. He, ECS Trans. 11(1), 375 (2007). "Performance of PEMFCs with sputter deposited Pt and Pt alloy cathodes".


Q. Xu, T. He and D. Wipf, Langmuir 32, 9098 (2007). "An in-situ electrochemical STM study of the coarsening of platinum islands at double-layer potentials".


T. He, E. Kreidler, L. Xiong and E. Ding, J. Power Sources 165, 87 (2007).  “Combinatorial screening and nano-synthesis of platinum binary alloys for oxygen electroreduction”.


T. He, E. Kreidler, L. Xiong and E. Ding, ECS Trans. 2(8), 13 (2007). “Combinatorial discovery of platinum alloy electrocatalysts for oxygen electro-reduction”.


T. He, in Fuel Cells Durability (1st Edition, Knowledge Press) Chapter 7, p.115 (2006). “Alloy electrocatalysts for ORR: discovery, synthesis and stability”.


L. Xiong and T. He, Electrochem. Commun. 8, 1671 (2006). “Synthesis and characterization of carbon supported PtW catalysts from carbonyl complexes for oxygen electroreduction”.


T. He, E. Kreidler, L. Xiong, J. Luo and C.J. Zhong, J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, A1637 (2006). “Alloy electrocatalysts: combinatorial discovery and nano-synthesis”.


L. Xiong and T. He, Chemistry of Materials 18, 2211 (2006). “Synthesis and characterization of ultra-fine tungsten and tungsten oxide nanoparticles by a reverse microemulsion-mediated method”.


J. Luo, L. Wang, N. Kariuki, P. Njoki, D. Mott, C.J. Zhong and T. He, J.  Materials Chemistry 16, 1665 (2006). “PtNiFe nanoparticles with controllable size and composition and the electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction”.


J. Luo, L. Han, M. Maye, N. Kariuki, L. Wang, D. Mott, C.J. Zhong and T. He, Electrochimica Acta 51, 4821 (2006). “Preparation and characterization of carbon-supported PtVFe electrocatalysts”.


L. Xiong, E. Kreidler and T. He, ECS Trans. 1 (6), 69 (2006). “Synthesis and characterization of nanostructured PtW alloy for oxygen reduction in PEMFCs”.


J. Luo, L. Han, M. Maye, N. Kariuki, L. Wang, D. Mott, C.J. Zhong and T. He, Chemistry of Materials 17, 5282 (2005). “Synthesis and characterization of monolayer-capped PtVFe nanoparticles with controllable sizes and composition”.


E. Kreidler, L. Minor, L. Xiong and T. He, Electrocatalysis (Eds. G. Brisard, R. Adzic, V. Birss and A. Wieckowski, The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ) PV2005-11, 222 (2005). Combinatorial discovery of alloy electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction”.


T. He, E. Kreidler, L. Minor and T. Nomura, Proton Conducting Membrane Fuel Cells IV  (Eds. M. Murthy et al., The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ) PV2004-21, 485 (2004). “Combinatorial tools for alloy-based electrocatalyst discovery”.


Hu Zou, Y.S. Lin, N. Rane and T. He, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 43, 3019 (2004). “Synthesis and characterization of nanosized ceria powders and high-concentration ceria sols”.


M.J. Pilling, C.J. Hirschmugl and T. He, National Synchrotron Light Source Activity Report 1999 (BNL), 7-19 (2000). “A far infra-red RAIRS study of water adsorption on thin films of highly ordered Fe3O4”.


M. Pilling, C. Hirschmugl and T. He, AIP Conf. Proc. 521, 41 (2000). “Far-infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy: low frequency studies on single-crystal oxide surfaces”.


T. He and K.D. Becker, Solid State Ionics 101-103, 337 (1997). “An optical in-situ study of a reacting spinel crystal”.


P. Murugaraj, K.D. Kreuer, T. He, T. Schober and J. Maier, Solid State Ionics 98, 1 (1997). “High proton conductivity in barium yttrium stannate Ba2(YSn)O5.5”.

 
T. He, K.D. Kreuer, Yu.M. Baikov and J. Maier, Solid State Ionics 95, 301 (1997). “Impedance spectroscopic study of thermodynamics and kinetics of a Gd-doped BaCeO3 single crystal”.


K.D. Kreuer, W. Münch, M. Ise, T. He, A. Fuchs, U. Traub and J. Maier, Berichte der Bunsen-Gesellschaft-Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 101, 1344 (1997). “Defect interactions in proton conducting perovskite-type oxides”.


T. He, K.D. Kreuer, P. Murugaraj and J. Maier, Eurosolid 4 (Eds. A. Negro & L. Montanaro, Politecnico Di Torino, Italy), p60 (1997). “Defect chemistry and mass transport in proton conducting perovskites”.


T. He, K.D. Kreuer, Yu.M. Baikov and J. Maier, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells V (Eds. U. Stimming, S.C. Singhal, H. Tagawa and W. Lehnert, The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ) PV1997-40, 1057 (1997). “On the transport properties of a proton conducting Ca-doped Ba3(CaNb2)O9 single crystal”.


T. He, K.D. Kreuer, J. Maier, P. Murugaraj and T. Schober, Max-Planck-Institute for Solid State Research 1997 (MPI-Stuttgart, Germany), I-91 (1997). “Extraordinarily high proton conductivity in water-containing barium yttrium stannate”.


T. He, P. Ehrhart and P. Meuffels, Journal of Applied Physics 79, 3219 (1996). “Optical band gap and Urbach tail in Y-doped BaCeO3”.


T. He, C. Jia, P. Ehrhart and P. Meuffels, Solid State Ionics 89, 9 (1996). “On the preparation and microstructure of BaCeO3 perovskite thin films”.


T. He and P. Ehrhart, Solid State Ionics 86-88, 633 (1996). “An optical in-situ study of BaCeO3 at high temperatures”.


T. He, P. Ehrhart, H. Huck, P. Meuffels and W. Schilling, IFF Jahresbericht 95/97 (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany), 111 (1996). “Optical absorption spectroscopy of Y-doped BaCeO3 at high temperatures (in German)”.


T. He, K.D. Becker and D.S. Tannhauser, Berichte der Bunsen-Gesellschaft-Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 99, 658 (1995). “An optical in-situ study of the re-oxidation kinetics of calcia-stabilized zirconia”.
T. He, Physical Review B – Condensed Matter 51, 16689 (1995). “Optical absorption of free small polarons at high temperatures”.


T. He and K.D. Becker, Defects in Insulating Materials (Eds. O. Kanert & J.-M. Spaeth, World Scientific, Singapore), p761 (1993). “Optical spectroscopy of electronic defects in manganosite, MnO”.


K.D. Becker and T. He, Berichte der Bunsen-Gesellschaft-Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 96, 1886 (1992). “Optically detected small-polaron hopping in manganosite, MnO”.


K.D. Becker, T. He and F. Rau, Radiation Effects and Defects In Solids 119, 669 (1991). “Defect-induced optical absorption in transition metal oxides”.


K. Sun, M.X. Lin, T. He and H.L. Luo, Phys. Stat. Sol. A 115, 539 (1989). “The Mössbauer study of α-Fe2O3 fine particles with and without adsorbed cobalt”.


T. He, H.L. Luo and S. Li, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 71, 323 (1988). “Effect of cobalt on the Morin transition of hematite”.

Patents:

C. Shi, R. Chen, J. Yang, C.S. Daeffler, J. Hawkins, Y. Wu, W. Wang, K. Woody, J. Bullock, H. Huang, A. Palkar and T. He, 2015, “Anthradithiophene-based semiconducting polymers and methods thereof,” Patent 9,214,635, December 15, 2015.

 

M. Liu, M. Liu and T. He, 2015, “Integrated natural gas powered SOFC systems,” Patent 9,118,052, August 25, 2015.

 

S. Wang, C. Shi, R. Chen, J. Zhang, H. Huang, Y. Wu, A. Palkar and T. He, 2015, “Synthesis of photovoltaic conjugated polymers,” Patent 9,006,568, April 14, 2015.

 

A. Palkar and T. He, 2015, “Donor-acceptor dyad compounds in photovoltaics,” Patent 9,006,567, April 14, 2015.

 

M. Liu, M. Liu, T. He and L. Yang, 2015, “Optimization of BZCYYb synthesis,” Patent 8,993,200, March 31, 2015.

 

T. He, E.R. Kreidler and T. Nomura, 2015, “High throughput physical vapor deposition system for material combinatorial studies,” Patent 8,944,002, February 3, 2015; CA 2,551,722 (2010).

 

T. He, 2014, “Solar fuel cell,” Patent 8,840,772, September 23, 2014.

 

T. He, E. Kimura and T. Nomura, 2012, “Method for producing substrate having catalyst compositions on surfaces of opposite sides,” Patent 8,304,030, November 6, 2012.

 

L. Xiong and T. He, 2012, “Methods of producing tungsten nanoparticles,” Patent 8,173,166, May 8, 2012.

 

C.J. Zhong, J. Luo, Z. Xu and T. He, 2012, “Synthesis of PtCo nanoparticles,” Patent 8,110,021, February 7, 2012.

 

M. Devenney, P. Strasser, A. Gorer, Q. Fan, K. Chondroudis, D.M. Giaquinta, T. He, H. Oyanagi, K. Urata, K. Iwasaki and H. Fukuda, 2011, "Fuel cell electrocatalyst of Pt-Zn-Ni/Fe,” Patent 8,021,798,  September 20, 2011.

 

L. Xiong and T. He, 2011, “Synthesis of carbon supported platinum-tungsten electrocatalysts,” Patent 7,871,954, January 18, 2011.

 

T. He, 2010, “Substrates with small metal oxide particle coatings,” Patent 7,776,281, August 17, 2010.

 

T. He and E.R. Kreidler, 2010, “Platinum and titanium containing electrocatalysts,” Patent 7,740,975, June 22, 2010.

 

T. He and E.R. Kreidler, 2010, “Platinum and tungsten containing electrocatalysts,” Patent 7,736,790, June 15, 2010.

 

T. He, E.R. Kreidler, T. Nomura and L. Minor, 2010, “Platinum and tungsten containing electrocatalysts,” Patent 7,718,309, May 18, 2010.

 

T. He and E.R. Kreidler, 2010, “Platinum, titanium, cobalt and palladium containing electrocatalysts,” Patent 7,704,628, April 27, 2010.

 

T. He and E.R. Kreidler, 2010, “Platinum, tungsten and nickel containing electrocatalysts,” Patent 7,695,851, April 13, 2010.

 

T. He and E.R. Kreidler, 2010, “Platinum, titanium and copper, manganese and iron containing electrocatalysts,” Patent 7,691,522, April 6, 2010.

 

K. Chondroudis, A. Gorer, M. Devenney, T. He, H. Oyanagi, D.M. Giaquinta, K. Urata, H. Fukuda, Q. Fan, P. Strasser, K.J. Cendak, J.N. Cendak, 2010, “Platinum-chromium-copper/nickel fuel cell catalyst,” Patent 7,662,740, February 16, 2010.

 

Q. Fan, P. Strasser, A. Gorer, M. Devenney, K. Chondroudis, D.M. Giaquinta, T. He, H. Oyanagi, K. Urata, K. Iwasaki and H. Fukuda, 2009, “Fuel cell electrocatalyst of Pt-Mn-Co,” Patent 7,635,533, December 22, 2009.

 

Q. Fan, P. Strasser, A. Gorer, M. Devenney, T. He, H. Oyanagi, D.M. Giaquinta, K. Urata, H. Fukuda, K. Chondroudis and K.J. Cendak, 2009, “Platinum-titanium-tungsten fuel cell catalyst,” Patent 7,608,560, October 27, 2009; EP 1,632,001 (2012).

 

M. Devenney, A. Gorer, P. Strasser, T. He, H. Oyanagi, D.M. Giaquinta, Q. Fan and K. Choudroudis, 2009, “Platinum-indium-iron/tungsten/manganese fuel cell electrocatalyst,” Patent 7,479,343, January 20, 2009.

 

T. He and E.R. Kreidler, 2008, “Platinum, tungsten and nickel or zirconium containing electrocatalysts,” Patent 7,435,504, October 14, 2008.

 

Y. Wang, M. Devenney and T. He, 2008, “System for synthesis of electrode array,” Patent 7,427,341, September 23, 2008.

 

T. He, C.J. Zhong, J. Luo, M.M. Maye, L. Han, N.N. Kariuki and L. Wang, 2008, “Metal and alloy nanoparticles and synthesis methods thereof,” Patent 7,335,245, February 26, 2008.


 
T. He, E. Kimura, T. Nomura, 2008, “Substrate having catalyst compositions on surfaces of opposite sides,” Patent 7,326,669, February 5, 2008; CA 2,460,744 (2007); JP 4,272,520 (2009); EP 1,432,510 (2009); DE 6,023,4457 (2010).

 

T. He and E.R. Kreidler, 2008, “Platinum and titanium containing electrocatalysts,” Patent 7,318,977, January 15, 2008.

 

P. Strasser, A. Gorer, M. Devenney, T. He, H. Oyanagi, Q. Fan, K. Chondroudis, D.M. Giaquinta, K. Urata, K. Iwasaki and H. Fukuda, EP 1,479,121 (2007); DE 6,031,7881 (2008). “Fuel cell electrocatalyst of Pt-Ni-Mn/Fe”.

 

A. Gorer, P. Strasser, M. Devenney, Q. Fan, K. Chondroudis, D.M. Giaquinta, T. He, H. Oyanagi, K. Urata, K. Iwasaki and H. Fukuda, 2006, “Fuel cell electrocatalyst of Pt-Rh-Mo-Ni/Fe,” Patent 7,101,639, September 5, 2006.

 

T. He, 2006, “High throughput multi-channel rotating disk or ring-disk electrode assembly and method,” Patent 7,077,946, July 18, 2006.

 

C.J. Zhong, J. Luo, M.M. Maye, L. Han, N.N. Kariuki and T. He, 2006, “Core-shell synthesis of carbon-supported alloy nanoparticle catalysts,” Patent 7,053,021, May 30, 2006.

 

T. He, 2006, “Substrate with small particle size metal oxide and noble metal catalyst coatings and thermal spraying methods for producing the same,” Patent 7,005,404, February 28, 2006; JP 4,195,659 (2008); CA 2,454,780 (2008).

 

T. He, 2002, “Method for enhancing the surface of a metal substrate,” Patent 6,491,985, December 10, 2002; CA 2,431,394 (2008); JP 4,388,277 (2009). 

Presentations:

Invited Lectures
ACS 251st National Meeting & Exposition, San Diego (March 2016). “Engineering Platinum Alloy Electrocatalysts in Nanoscale for PEMFC Application”.


Boise State University, Department of Materials Science and Engineering (December 2015). “Fuel Cells and Clean Energy Economy”.


University of Wyoming, School of Energy Resources (November 2015). “Fuel Cells and Clean Energy Economy”.


National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Renewable Fuels and Vehicle Systems Division (June 2012). “Challenges and opportunities of fuel cells as future energy sources”.


National Taiwan University, Department of Chemistry (November 2009). “Degradation mechanisms of Pt in oxygen electroreduction”.


4th Asian Conference on Electrochemical Power Sources, Taiwan (November 2009). “Challenge and opportunity of oxygen reduction catalysts for low temperature fuel cells”.


Miami University, Department of Paper and Chemical Engineering (October 2009). “Fuel cells and fuel cell vehicles”.


ACS 41st Central Regional Meeting, Cleveland (May 2009). “The durability of Pt and Pt alloys as fuel cell catalysts for oxygen electroreduction”.


University of Connecticut, School of Engineering, Connecticut Global Fuel Cell Center (March 2009). “The development of oxygen reduction catalysts for PEMFCs”.


Purdue School of Engineering and Technology of IUPUI, Richard G. Lugar Center for Renewable Energy (March 2009). “The development of oxygen reduction catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells”.


Tongji University, Clean Energy Automobile Engineering Center (January 2009). “PEM fuel cells and oxygen reduction catalysts”.


ConocoPhillips (December 2008). “Development of oxygen reduction catalysts for PEFCs”.


Paul Scherrer Institut, Electrochemistry Laboratory (June 2008). “Platinum alloy electrocatalysts: discovery, synthesis and durability”.


Texas A&M University, Department of Chemistry (October 2007). “EC-STM in-situ study of Pt films”.


Arizona State University, School of Materials (December 2006). “Platinum alloy catalysts for oxygen electroreduction in PEMFCs”.


University of Notre Dame, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering (September 2006). “Alloy catalysts for oxygen electroreduction in PEMFCs”.


Knowledge Foundation – Fuel Cells Durability, Washington (December 2005). “Alloy electrocatalysts: discovery, synthesis and stability”.


NSF Workshop - Materials Chemistry and Nanoscience, Alexandria (October 2005). “Nano-engineering of platinum alloy electrocatalysts for PEM fuel cells”.


Argonne National Laboratory, Energy Technology Division (February 1998). “Perovskite proton conductors”.


RWTH Aachen University of Technology, Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (January 1998). “Ba3(CaNb2)O9 based proton conductors: thermodynamic and kinetic studies (in German)”.


University of Stuttgart, Institut für Physikalische Elektronik (February 1997). “Proton conductors and fuel cells (in German)”.


Max-Plank-Institute for Solid State Research (October 1995). “High temperature optical spectroscopy of perovskite proton conductors (in German)”.


Research Center Jülich (KFA), Institute for Solid State Research (October 1993). “UV-VIS-NIR spectroscopy of transition metal oxides at high temperatures (in German)”.

Version: 5.0
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Last modified at 6/23/2016 8:26 AM by Phyllis L. King