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Researcher

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Robert Fox, Ph.D.

Distinguished Staff Scientist

Research Areas:
Critical Materials; Chemical Processing

Biography:
Dr. Robert V. Fox is a senior chemical research scientist actively involved in performing and directing innovative scientific research in the areas of supercritical fluid sciences, nanomaterials synthesis and characterization, metal-complexation reactions, lanthanide and actinide separations, renewable and biofuel synthesis, geochemistry, environmental radiochemistry, LIBS atomic spectroscopy, laser spectroscopy, and molecular spectroscopy. He is currently and has been the technical lead on research tasks and principal investigator of a number of successful internally funded and externally funded research programs for the U.S. Departments of Energy, Defense, and Homeland Security, as well as private industrial entities. He has received two international R&D 100 awards for patented inventions: Precision Nanoparticles in 2009, and Supercritical Solid Catalyst in 2010. The Supercritical Solid Catalyst invention was awarded a 2010 Gordon Battelle Prize for Technology Impact as well as receiving 5 other innovation awards. He has been issued 20 U.S. patents and authored more than 25 peer-reviewed publications. Fox is the recipient of an INL Laboratory Director’s Award in 2009 and again in 2010. He was named the INL Inventor of the Year for 2009 and again in 2010. Most recently, he was selected as the Idaho Innovator of the Year at the 2010 Idaho Innovation Awards, and was nominated R&D Magazine’s 2010 Scientist of the Year.

Education:

​Ph. D., Chemistry - University of Idaho

M.S., Biochemistry - University of Idaho

B.S., Bacteriology - University of Idaho

Affiliations:

​Affiliate Faculty, Department of Chemistry, University of Idaho
Affiliate Faculty, Department of Chemistry, Idaho State University
American Chemical Society

Publications:

Baek, D.L., Fox, R.V., Case, M.E., Sinclair, L.K., Schmidt, A.B., McIlwain, P.R., Mincher, B.J., Wai, C.M., "Extraction of rare earth oxides using supercritical carbon dioxide modified with tri‑n‑butyl phosphate−nitric acid adducts," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2016, 55, pp. 7154−7163.

 

Mincher, B.J., Wai, C.M., Fox, R.V., Baek, D.L., Yen, C., Case, M.E., "The separation of lanthanides and actinides in supercritical fluid carbon dioxide."  Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 2015.  Published on-line October 28, 2015.  DOI 10.1007/s10967-015-4576-5

 

Martin, M.Z., Fox, R.V., Miziolek, A.W., DeLucia, F.C., Andre, N., “Spectral analysis of rare earth elements using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy.”  Next-Generation Spectroscopic Technologies VIII, Mark A. Druy, Richard A. Crocombe, David P. Bannon, eds., Proc. of SPIE Vol. 9482, 2015.

 

Trevor S. Huntsinger, Kevin V. Nielson, Juan Carlos Chavez, Lisa Lau, Robert V. Fox, Joshua J. Pak., “Preparation and study of CuInZnS3 and AgInZnS3 nanoparticles.”  248th ACS National Meeting, August 10 – 14, 2014, San Francisco, California (INL/CON-14-33154).

 

Bruce J. Mincher; Robert V. Fox; Mary E. Mincher; Chien M. Wai, “Trivalent lanthanide separations using TBDGA in molecular and ionic liquid diluents.”  20th International Solvent Extraction Conference, September 7 – 11, 2014, Wurzburg, Germany (INL/CON-14-32726).

 

Bruce J. Mincher; Robert V. Fox; Mary E. Mincher; Chien M. Wai, “Trivalent actinide and lanthanide separations using tetraalkyldiglycolamides (TCnDGA) in molecular and ionic liquid diluents”.  Proceedings, 20th International Solvent Extraction Conference, September 7 – 11, 2014, Wurzburg, Germany (INL/CON-14-31470).

 

Fox, R. V., Roberts, L., DeLucia, F.C., Miziolek, A.W., Whitehouse, A. I., “A novel laser-based approach for cleaning contaminated metallic surfaces coupled with rapid residue analysis,” Next-Generation Spectroscopic Technologies VI, Mark A. Druy, Richard A. Crocombe, eds., Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8726, 2013.

 

Groenewold, G.S., Avci, R., Fox, R.V., Deliorman, M., Suo, Z.Y., Kellerman, L., “Characterization of arsenic contamination on rust from ton containers,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2013, 52(4), 1396 – 1404.

 

Mezyk, Stephen P., Mincher, Bruce J., Cooper, William J., Cole, S. Kirkham, Fox, Robert V., Gardinali, Piero R., “Kinetic model for the radical degradation of tri-halonitromethane disinfection byproducts in water.” Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 2012, 81, pp. 1646 – 1652.

 

Mezyk, S. P., Cooper, W.J., Mincher, B. J., Cole, S.K., Fox, R. V., Gardinali, P. R., “Free-radical chemistry of disinfection byproducts. 4. Degradation mechanisms of chloronitromethane and bromonitromethane.” J. Phys. Chem. A, 2011.

 

Bruce J. Mincher, Stephen P. Mezyk, William J. Cooper, S. Kirkham Cole, Robert V. Fox,† and Piero R. Gardinali, “Free-radical chemistry of disinfection byproducts. 3. degradation mechanisms of chloronitromethane, bromonitromethane, and dichloronitromethane”, J. Phys. Chem. A (2010), vol. 114, pp. 117–125.

 

T.E Lister and R.V. Fox, “Electrochemical synthesis of 2,2-dinitropropanol” ECS Transactions, 13 (11) 27-38 (2008).

 

T. E. Lister, R.V. Fox, “Electrochemical synthesis of 2,2-dinitropropanol,” J. Applied Electrochemistry 38 (2008) 523-529.

 

R. V. Fox, A. K. Gianotto, M. M. Cortez, V. A. Deason, G. S. Groenewold, R. Avci, M. Deliorman, E. Williams, and T. Tu, "DARPA SHARK Phase I Final Report," INL/EXT-07-12822, June 2007.

 

Gary S. Groenewold, Marnie M. Cortez, Anita K. Gianotto, Garold L. Gresham, John E. Olson, Robert V. Fox, Byron M. White, William F. Bauer, Recep Avci, Muhammedin Deliorman and Eric Williams, “Surface analysis of particulates from laboratory hood exhaust manifold,” Surf. Interface Anal. 2007; 39: 547–553.

 

S. Kirkham Cole, W.J. Cooper, R. V. Fox, S.P. Mezyk, B. J. Mincher, K. O’Shea, “Free Radical Chemistry of Disinfection Byproducts. 2. Rate Constants and Degradation Mechanisms of Trichloronitromethane (Chloropicrin)”,  Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 863-869.

 

Rodriguez, Rene G.; Mezyk, Stephen P.; Stewart, Charlynn; Rollins, Harry W.; Mincher, Bruce J.; Fox, Robert V.; Phillips, BarJean; Brey, Richard. “Thermal lensing in a supercritical water medium.” Journal of Physical Chemistry A” (2007), 111(3), 468-471.

 

Mezyk, S. P.; Helgeson, T.; Cole, S. K.; Cooper, W. J.; Fox, R. V.; Gardinali, P. R.; Mincher, B. J., “Free radical chemistry of disinfection-byproducts. 1. kinetics of hydrated electron and hydroxyl radical reactions with halonitromethanes in water.” J. Phys. Chem. A, 2006, 110, 2176 – 2180.

 

Fox, R.V., R. D. Ball, P. deB. Harrington, C.M. Wai, “Holmium nitrate complexation with tri-n-butyl phosphate in supercritical carbon dioxide.” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 36 (2005) 137 - 144.

 

Groenewold, G.S., Bauer, W.F., Fox, R.V., Mincher, B.J., Gianotto, A.K., “Actinide analysis and leaching of samples collected from the glovebox excavator method project for OU 7-13/14.” ICP/EXT-04-00439, April 2005.

 

Cole, S.K., W.J. Cooper, R.V. Fox, P.R. Gardinali, S.P. Mezyk, B.J. Mincher and K.E. O'Shea, “The radiation chemistry and free radical treatment of bromonitromethane.”  Proceedings of TiO2-9 and AOT-10 Conferences,  D. Ollis and H. Al-Ekabi (eds), University of Western, Ontario Press, 2005.

 

Fox, R.V., R. D. Ball, P. deB. Harrington, H.W. Rollins, J.J. Jolley, C.M. Wai, “Praseodymium nitrate and neodymium nitrate complexation with organophosphorus reagents in supercritical carbon dioxide solvent.”  Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 31 (2004) 273-286.

 

G. S. Groenewold, R. Avci, C. Karahan, K. Lefebre, R. V. Fox, M. M. Cortez, A. K. Gianotto, J. Sunner, and W. L. Manner “Characterization of interlayer Cs+ in clay samples using secondary ion mass spectrometry with laser sample modification.”  Anal. Chem. vol. 76, 2004, pp. 2893-2901.

 

Mincher, B.J., Fox, R.V., Riddle, C.L., Cooper, D.C., Groenewold, G.S., “Strontium and cesium sorption to Snake River Plain, Idaho Soil.”  Radiochimica Acta, 91, 2003.

 

Mincher, B.J., R.V. Fox, D.C. Cooper, G.S. Groenewold, “Neptunium and plutonium sorption to snake river plain, Idaho soil.”  Radiochimica Acta, 91, 2003.

 

Fox, R.V., B.J. Mincher, “Supercritical fluid extraction of plutonium and americium from soil using -diketone and tributyl phosphate complexants.”  ACS Symposium Series 860, Supercritical Carbon Dioxide:  Separations and Processes, A.S. Gopalan, C.M. Wai, H.K. Jacobs, eds., American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 2003.

 

Mincher, B. J., R. V. Fox, R. G. G. Holmes, R. Robbins, C. Boardman, “Supercritical fluid extraction of plutonium and americium from soil using thenoyltrifluoroacetylacetone and tributylphosphate complexation.”  Radiochimica Acta, 89, 613-617, 2001.

 

Fox, R. V., B. J. Mincher, R. G. G. Holmes, “Extraction of plutonium from spiked INEEL soil samples using the ligand-assisted supercritical fluid extraction (LA-SFE) technique.”  INEEL/EXT-99-00870, August 26, 1999.

Patents:

Fox, Robert V., Zhang, Fengyan, Rodriguez, Rene G., Pak, Joshua J., and Sun, Chivin, 2016, “Methods for forming particles”, Patent 9,371,226, June 21, 2016.

 

Fox, R.V., Rodriguez, R.G., Pak, J.J., Sun, C., Margulieux, K.R., Holland, A.W., 2016, “Methods of forming single source precursors, methods of forming polymeric single source precursors, and single source precursors formed by such methods,” Patent 9,315,529, April 19, 2016.

 

Fox, R.V., Rodriguez, R.R., Pak, J.J., Sun C.,2015, “Hybrid particles and associated methods,” Patent 8,951,446, February 10, 2015.

 

Fox, R.V., Rodriguez, R.R., Pak, J.J., Sun C., Margulieux, K.R., Holland, A.W., 2014, “Methods of forming single source precursors, methods of forming polymeric single source precursors, and single source precursors formed by such methods,” Patent 8,829,217, September 9, 2014.

 

Fox, R.V., Rodriguez, R.R., Pak, J.J., Sun C., 2015, “Hybrid particles and associated methods,” Patent 8,951,446, February 10, 2015.

 

Fox, Robert V., Rodriguez, Rene, G., Pak, Joshua J., 2013, “Methods of forming semiconductor devices and devices formed using such methods,” Patent 8,445,388, May 21, 2013.

 

Fox, Robert V., Rodriguez, Rene G., Pak, Joshua J., Holland, Andrew, Sun, Chivin, Margulieux, Kelsey, 2012, “Methods of forming single source precursors, methods of forming polymeric single source precursors, and single source precursors and intermediate products formed by such methods,” Patent 8,324,414, December 4, 2012.

 

Fox, Robert V., Rodriguez, Rene G., Pak, Joshua J., 2011, “Methods for forming particles from single source precursors," Patent 8,003,070, August 23, 2011.

 

Fox, Robert V., Avci, Recep, Groenewold, Gary, S., 2011, “Systems and strippable coatings for decontaminating structures that include porous material,” Patent 8,070,881, December 6, 2011.

 

Fox, Robert V., Avci, Recep, Groenewold, Gary S., 2010, “Methods for removing contaminant matter from a porous material,” Patent 7,833,357, November 16, 2010.

 

Fox, Robert V., Avci, Recep, Groenewold, Gary S., 2010, “Polyphosphazine-based polymer materials,” Patent 7,723,463,  May 25, 2010.


 
Fox, Robert V., Lister, Tedd E., 2010, “Methods for performing electrochemical nitration reactions,” Patent 7,713,401, May 11, 2010.

 

Fox, Robert V, Ginosar, Daniel M., 2010, “Method for removing impurities from an impurity-containing fluid stream,” Patent 7,691,270, April 6, 2010.

 

Fox, R.V., Ginosar, D.M., Petkovic, L.M.,  2009, “Production of Biodiesel Using Expanded Gas Solvents,” Patent 7,514,575, April 7, 2009.

 

Fox, R.V., 2008, “Method for making an energetic material,” Patent 7,345,208, March 18, 2008.

 

Janikowski, Stuart K., Argyle, Mark D., Fox, Robert V., Propp, W. Alan, Toth, William J., Ginosar, Daniel M., Allen, Charles A., Miller, David L., 2007, “System configured for applying a modifying agent to a non-equidimensional substrate,”  Patent  7,241,340, July 10, 2007.

 

Ginosar, D.M, Fox, R.V., Janikowski, S.K., 2006, “Method for destroying halocarbon compositions using a critical solvent,”  Patent 6,984,768, January 10, 2006.

 

Propp, W. Alan, Argyle, Mark D., Janikowski, Stuart K., Fox, Robert V., Toth; William J., Ginosar, Daniel M., Allen, Charles A., Miller, David L., 2005, “System configured for applying multiple modifying agents to a substrate,” Patent 6,962,731, November 8, 2005.

 

Ginosar, D.M., Thompson, D.N., Coates, K., Zalewski, D.J., Fox, R.V., 2005, “Method for reactivating solid catalysts used in alkylation reactions,” Canadian Patent CA 2,411,091, June 14, 2005.

 

Ginosar, D.M., Thompson, D.N., Coates, K., Zalewski, D.J., Fox, R.V., 2005, “Method for reactivating solid catalysts used in alkylation reactions,”  Patent 6,887,813, May 3, 2005.

 

Ginosar, D.M., R.V. Fox, 2005, “Process for producing biodiesel, lubricants, and fuel and lubricant additives in a critical fluid medium,”  Patent 6,887,283, May 3, 2005.

 

Propp, W. Alan, Argyle, Mark D., Janikowski, Stuart K., Fox, Robert V., Toth, William J., Ginosar, Daniel M., Allen, Charles A., Miller; David L., 2003, “System configured for applying multiple modifying agents to a substrate,”  Patent 6,652,654, November 25, 2003.

 

Janikowski, S.K., Toth, W.J., Ginosar, D.M., Allen, C.A., Argyle, M.D., Fox, R.V., Propp, W.A., Miller, D.L., 2003, “System configured for applying a modifying agent to a non-equidimensional substrate,” Patent 6,623,686, September 23, 2003.

 

Ginosar, D.M., Fox, R.V., Thompson, D.N., Coates, K., Zalewski, D.J. , 2003, “Method for reactivating solid catalysts used in alkylation reactions,” Patent 6,579,821, June 17, 2003.

 

Allen, C.A., Argyle, M.D.,  Fox, R.V., . Ginosar, D.M,  Janikowski, S.K., Miller,  D.L., Propp, W.A., Toth, W.J., 2002, “Methods for modifying monofilaments, bundles of monofilaments, and fibrous structural material,” Patent 6,495,204, December 17, 2002.

 

Ginosar, D. M.,  Fox, R.V. and Kong, P.C., 2000, “Solid catalyzed isoparaffin alkylation at supercritical fluid and near-supercritical fluid conditions,” Patent 6,103,948, August 15, 2000.

Awards:

​2010 State of Idaho Innovator of the Year; Idaho Innovation Awards
2010 State of Idaho Innovation of the Year Award; Early-Stage Innovation Category; Idaho Innovation Awards
2010 R&D 100 Award, SSC Biodiesel
2010 Nominated R&D Magazine Scientist of the Year
2010 Runner Up, Wall Street Journal Technology Innovation Award-Energy Category
2010 Finalist, Platts Global Energy Award, Sustainable Technology Innovation of the Year
2010 Award of Excellence for Technological Innovation, Platts Global Energy Awards
2010 Federal Laboratory Consortium Outstanding Technology Development Award, SSC Biodiesel
2010 INL Laboratory Director Award
2010 Gordon Battelle Award for Technology Impact – Supercritical Solid Catalyst Biodiesel
2010 INL Inventor of the Year
2009 R&D 100 Award, Precision Nanoparticles
2009 State of Idaho Innovation of the Year; Early-Stage Innovation Category; Idaho Innovation Awards
2009 INL Laboratory Director Award
2009 INL Inventor of the Year
2008 INL Inventor of the Year Nomination

Version: 6.0
Created at 10/9/2015 10:35 AM by Phyllis L. King
Last modified at 10/6/2016 3:58 PM by Phyllis L. King